416 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
416 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 416 BC
Ab urbe condita 338
Ancient Egypt era XXVII dynasty, 110
- Pharaoh Darius II of Persia, 8
Ancient Greek era 91st Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar 4335
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −1008
Berber calendar 535
Buddhist calendar 129
Burmese calendar −1053
Byzantine calendar 5093–5094
Chinese calendar 甲子(Wood Rat)
2281 or 2221
    — to —
乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
2282 or 2222
Coptic calendar −699 – −698
Discordian calendar 751
Ethiopian calendar −423 – −422
Hebrew calendar 3345–3346
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −359 – −358
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2685–2686
Holocene calendar 9585
Iranian calendar 1037 BP – 1036 BP
Islamic calendar 1069 BH – 1068 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1918
Minguo calendar 2327 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1883
Thai solar calendar 127–128
Tibetan calendar 阳木鼠年
(male Wood-Rat)
−289 or −670 or −1442
    — to —
(female Wood-Ox)
−288 or −669 or −1441

Year 416 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Tribunate of Atratinus, Ambustus, Mugillanus and Rutilus (or, less frequently, year 338 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 416 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • With the encouragement of Alcibiades, the Athenians take the island of Melos (which has remained neutral during the Peloponnesian War). Its inhabitants are treated with great cruelty by the Athenians, with all the men capable of bearing arms being killed, while the women and children are made slaves.
  • In Sicily, the Ionian city of Segesta asks for Athenian help from the Dorian city of Selinus (which is supported by the powerful Sicilian city of Syracuse). The people of Syracuse are ethnically Dorian (as are the Spartans), while the Athenians, and their allies in Sicily, are Ionian. The Athenians feel obliged to assist their ally and therefore prepare an armada to attack Sicily.

By topic[edit]