41 for Freedom refers to the US Navy Fleet Ballistic Missile (FBM) submarines from the , George Washington , Ethan Allen , Lafayette , and James Madison . All of these submarines were commissioned 1959-1967, as the goal was to create a credible, survivable sea-based Benjamin Franklin classes deterrent as quickly as possible. These submarines were nicknamed "41 for Freedom" once the goal of 41 nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) was established in the early 1960s. The 1972 SALT I Treaty limited the number of American submarine-launched ballistic missile tubes to 656, based on the total missile tubes of the forty-one submarines, in line with the treaty's goal of limiting strategic nuclear weapons to the number already existing. [3 ]
Overview [ edit ]
The "41 for Freedom"
nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) were armed with submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs) to create a deterrent force against the threat of nuclear war with any foreign power threatening the United States during the Cold War.
The US Navy created a new
submarine classification for these boats: SSBN. The first of the "41 for Freedom" submarines to be completed was , which was George Washington commissioned on 30 December 1959. The last of these submarines to be commissioned was , which was commissioned on 1 April 1967. These 41 were superseded by the submarines of the Will Rogers 1980-1992. Ohio class
, operating as a Kamehameha SEAL platform in her later years, was decommissioned on 2 April 2002, the last boat of the original "41 for Freedom" submarines in commission, and the oldest submarine in the US Navy. Almost 37 years old, she held the record for the longest service lifetime of any nuclear-powered submarine. As of 2014, two remain in service but decommissioned as nuclear power training vessels attached to Naval Nuclear Power School at Charleston, South Carolina, USS and Daniel Webster (SSBN-626) USS . Sam Rayburn (SSBN-635)
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
From the Federation of American Scientists: