420th Engineer Brigade (United States)

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420th Engineer Brigade
420th Engineer Brigade SSI.svg
420th Engineer Brigade Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
Active 1951 – Present
Country United State
Allegiance United States Army
Branch US Army Reserve
Type Combat engineer brigade
Role Combat Engineers
Size Brigade
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia 420 Eng Bde DUI.jpg

The 420th Engineer Brigade (Corps) is a combat engineer brigade of the United States Army based in Bryan, Texas. It is a United States Army Reserve formation and is subordinate to III Corps.

Background[edit]

The brigade is a Major Subordinate Command of the 416th Engineer Command in Darien, IL. The Commander, 420th Engineer Brigade commands and controls all Army Reserve engineer units in the states of Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and New Mexico consisting of approximately 4,500reserve soldiers. The units of the 420th Engineer Brigade have served in Operation Joint Forge in Bosnia, Operation Joint Endeavor in Kosovo, Operation Desert Storm in Iraq, Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan, and Operation Iraqi Freedom in Iraq. They have also participated in Exercises Bright Star in Egypt, Fuerte Caminos in Honduras and Belize, and Nuevas Horizontes in El Salvador, Panama, and Guatemala.

Units in the 420th are as follows: They consist of Engineer Group (Combat), Engineer Group (Construction), 489th Engineer Battalion (Combat)(Mechanized), 980th Engineer Battalion (Combat)(Heavy), 961st Engineer Battalion, 244th Engineer Battalion, 721st Engineer Company (Horizontal), 955th Engineer Company (Horizontal), 806th Engineer Company (Clearance), 704th Engineer Company (Clearance), 341st Multi-role Bridge Company (MRBC), 383rd Mobility Augmentation Company (MAC), 688th Mobility Augmentation Company (MAC), 401st Multi-role Bridge Company (MRBC), 469th Engineer Platoon (Area Clearance), Engineer Detachment (Utility), Engineer Detachment (Firefighting Headquarters), 319th Engineer Company (Construction Support) and Engineer Firefighting Teams.

Lineage[edit]

Constituted 13 February 1951 in the Organized Reserve Corps as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 420th Engineer Aviation Brigade

Activated 15 February 1951 at College Station, Texas

(Organized Reserve Corps redesignated 9 July 1952 as the Army Reserve)

Reorganized and redesignated 30 April 1953 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 420th Engineer Brigade

Redesignated 8 November 1955 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 420th Engineer Aviation Brigade

Redesignated 15 January 1957 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 420th Engineer Brigade

Location changed 3 November 1958 to Bryan, Texas

Ordered into active military service 7 December 2003 at Bryan, Texas; released from active military service 3 June 2005 and reverted to reserve status

Ordered into active military service 15 March 2008 at Bryan, Texas

Campaign participation credit[edit]

War on Terrorism

The 980th Engineer Battalion (Combat)(Heavy) spent time in Iraq from 2004-2005 (OIF II)

The 489th Engineer Battalion (Combat)(Mechanized) spent time in Iraq from 2003-2004 and in Afghanistan from 2013 - 2014. - A Co, B Co, C Co, D Co, HHC, FSC

The 341st Engineer Co. spent time in Iraq from 2008-2009.

The 688th Engineer Co. spent time in Iraq from 2008-2009.

The 955th Engineer Co. spent time in Iraq from 2008-2009.

The 277st Engineer Co. spent time in Iraq from 2009-2010.

The 806th Engineer Co. spent time in Afghanistan from 2010-2011.

The 980th Engineer Battalion (Combat)(Heavy) spent time in Afghanistan from 2011-2012.

The 721st Engineer Co. spent time in Afghanistan from 2011- 2012.

The 321st Engineer Co. spent time in Afghanistan from 2012-2013.

The 704th Engineer Co. spent time in Afghanistan from 2012-2013.

The 606 Engineering Facilities Detachment spent time in Afghanistan from 2014-2015.

Awarded Multiple Purple Hearts, CAB's, Bronze Stars, NAM's, and many other awards

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Army Center of Military History document "Lineage and Honors 420th Engineer Brigade".

External links[edit]