42 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
42 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 42 BC
Ab urbe condita 712
Ancient Egypt era XXXIII dynasty, 282
- Pharaoh Cleopatra VII, 10
Ancient Greek era 184th Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar 4709
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −634
Berber calendar 909
Buddhist calendar 503
Burmese calendar −679
Byzantine calendar 5467–5468
Chinese calendar 戊寅(Earth Tiger)
2655 or 2595
    — to —
己卯年 (Earth Rabbit)
2656 or 2596
Coptic calendar −325 – −324
Discordian calendar 1125
Ethiopian calendar −49 – −48
Hebrew calendar 3719–3720
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 15–16
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 3059–3060
Holocene calendar 9959
Iranian calendar 663 BP – 662 BP
Islamic calendar 683 BH – 682 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar 42 BC
Korean calendar 2292
Minguo calendar 1953 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1509
Seleucid era 270/271 AG
Thai solar calendar 501–502
Tibetan calendar 阳土虎年
(male Earth-Tiger)
85 or −296 or −1068
    — to —
(female Earth-Rabbit)
86 or −295 or −1067
First Battle of Philippi (October 3, 42 BC)
Second Battle of Philippi (October 23, 42 BC)

Year 42 BC was either a common year starting on Monday, Tuesday or Wednesday or a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Proleptic Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lepidus and Plancus (or, less frequently, year 712 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 42 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]