42 Draconis

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42 Draconis
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Draco
Right ascension 18h 25m 59.14s[1]
Declination +65° 33′ 48.5″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.833
Characteristics
Spectral type K1.5III
B−V color index 1.187
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) 32.17 ± 0.20 km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: 105.83 ± 0.21[1] mas/yr
Dec.: -27.24 ± 0.28[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 10.36 ± 0.20[1] mas
Distance 315 ± 6 ly
(97 ± 2 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) –0.108
Details
Mass 0.98 ± 0.05 M
Radius 22.03 ± 1 R
Luminosity 135 L
Surface gravity (log g) 0.929 cgs
Temperature 4200 ± 70 K
Metallicity 35% Sun
Age 9.49 × 109 years
Other designations
Fafnir, BD+65°1271, GC 25212, GCRV 10941, HD 170693, HIP 90344, HR 6945, PPM 20916, SAO 17888
Database references
SIMBAD data
Exoplanet Archive data
Extrasolar Planets
Encyclopaedia
data

42 Draconis (abbreviated 42 Dra), also named Fafnir, is a 5th magnitude K-type giant star located approximately 315 light years away in the constellation of Draco. As of 2009, an extrasolar planet (designated 42 Draconis b, later named Orbitar) is thought to be orbiting the star.

Of spectral type K1.5III, the star has mass similar to the Sun but with a radius 22 times greater. It is a metal-poor star with metallicity as low as 35% that of the Sun and its age is 9.49 billion years. It is the northern pole star of Venus.[citation needed]

Nomenclature[edit]

42 Draconis is the Flamsteed designation. Following its discovery the planet was designated 42 Draconis b. In July 2014 the International Astronomical Union launched a process for giving proper names to certain exoplanets and their host stars.[2] The process involved public nomination and voting for the new names.[3] In December 2015, the IAU announced the winning names were Fafnir for this star and Orbitar for its planet.[4]

The winning names were submitted by the Brevard Astronomical Society of Brevard County, Florida, United States.[5] Fafnir was a Norse mythological dwarf who turned into a dragon ('Draco' is Latin for 'dragon'); Orbitar is a contrived word paying homage to the space launch and orbital operations of NASA.[6]

Planetary system[edit]

42 Draconis b was discovered in 2009. It is an example of a super-Jupiter.

The 42 Draconis planetary system[7]
Companion
(in order from star)
Mass Semimajor axis
(AU)
Orbital period
(days)
Eccentricity Inclination Radius
b (Orbitar) ≥3.88 ± 0.85 MJ 1.19 ± 0.01 479.1 ± 6.2 0.38 ± 0.06

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 18h 25m 59.1381s, +65° 33′ 48.530″