42nd Academy Awards
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|42nd Academy Awards|
|Date||April 7, 1970|
|Site||Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles|
|Produced by||M.J. Frankovich|
|Directed by||Jack Haley Jr.|
|Best Picture||Midnight Cowboy|
|Most awards||Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (4)|
|Most nominations||Anne of the Thousand Days (10)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||2 hours, 25 minutes|
|Ratings||43.4% (Nielsen ratings)|
The 42nd Academy Awards were presented April 7, 1970, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, California. For the second year in a row, there was no official host. Awards were presented by seventeen "Friends of Oscar": Bob Hope, John Wayne, Barbra Streisand, Fred Astaire, Jon Voight, Myrna Loy, Clint Eastwood, Raquel Welch, Candice Bergen, James Earl Jones, Katharine Ross, Cliff Robertson, Ali MacGraw, Barbara McNair, Elliott Gould, Claudia Cardinale, and Elizabeth Taylor. This was the first Academy Awards ceremony to be broadcast via satellite to an international audience, but only outside North America. Mexico and Brazil were the sole countries to broadcast the event live.
This is currently the highest rated of the televised Academy Awards ceremonies, according to Nielsen ratings. The record, as of 2017[update], remains unbroken thanks to the emergence of the Super Bowl as the biggest annual event of awards season.
Midnight Cowboy became the first – and so far, the only – X-rated film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture. Its rating has since been downgraded to R. The previous year had seen the only G-rated film to win Best Picture, Carol Reed's Oliver!.
They Shoot Horses, Don't They? set an Oscar record by receiving nine nominations without one for Best Picture.
This was the last time until the 68th Academy Awards wherein none of the four acting winners had appeared in Best Picture nominees, as well as the first time where every acting nomination, as well as every major nominated film, was in color.
This was the first Academy Award ceremony intended to be broadcast via satellite worldwide, but according to Klaus Lehmann, a foreign sales executive of the ABC television network, in addition to Canada and Mexico (broadcasting the event since 1953, but only live since 1964), only two South American countries, Chile and Brazil, roughly in the Oscars' time zone, were interested in the live coverage. The Chilean television rights to the Oscars were sold by ABC International to Televisión Nacional de Chile while the Brazilian rights were sold to TV Tupi. The latter country's rights to the TV broadcast of the Oscars were moved to a joint venture of TV Bandeirantes and TV Record. Starting in 1974, the Brazilian TV rights to the Oscars were sold by NBC (which had acquired the TV rights to the Awards from ABC to be broadcast for a five-year period until 1975, when they returned to ABC for the next year's Awards) to Rede Globo. An early attempt to change the Academy Awards presentation's start time to 1 p.m. to fit European television audiences was rejected by AMPAS executives. Since at the time television standards conversion was difficult, about 50 other countries did not broadcast the event live. In Europe, most TV broadcasters signed off at midnight, thus the Oscars were not broadcast live and were recorded on film and then shipped to broadcasters with a minimum 4-day delay from the awards' broadcast date.
Winners and nominees
Multiple nominations and awards
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.
- Fred Astaire (Presenter: Best Supporting Actress and Documentary Awards)
- Candice Bergen (Presenter: Best Sound, Best Costume Design and Best Song Original for the Picture)
- Claudia Cardinale (Presenter: Best Film Editing and Best Foreign Language Film)
- Clint Eastwood (Presenter: Best Foreign Language Film)
- Elliott Gould (Presenter: Best Sound)
- Bob Hope (Presenter: Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award and Documentary Awards)
- James Earl Jones (Presenter: Best Film Editing and Best Story and Screenplay Based on Factual Material or Material Not Previously Published or Produced)
- Myrna Loy (Presenter: Best Short Subjects, Best Art Direction and Best Director)
- Ali MacGraw (Presenter: Best Story and Screenplay Based on Factual Material or Material Not Previously Published or Produced)
- Barbara McNair (Presenter: Best Original Score for a Motion Picture (Non-Musical))
- Cliff Robertson (Presenter: Best Actress, Best Original Score for a Motion Picture (Not a Musical) & Short Subjects Awards)
- Katharine Ross (Presenter: Best Supporting Actor and Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium)
- Frank Sinatra (Presenter: Honorary Award to Cary Grant)
- Barbra Streisand (Presenter: Best Actor)
- Elizabeth Taylor (Presenter: Best Picture)
- Jon Voight (Presenter: Best Art Direction and Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium)
- John Wayne (Presenter: Best Cinematography)
- Raquel Welch (Presenter: Best Special Visual Effects)
- Glen Campbell ("True Grit" from True Grit)
- Michel Legrand ("What Are You Doing the Rest of Your Life?" from The Happy Ending)
- Lou Rawls ("Jean" from The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie)
- B.J. Thomas ("Raindrops Keep Fallin' On My Head" from Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid)
- Fred Astaire (untitled impromptu dance following presentation of the documentary awards)
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- on YouTube At 5:30 mark. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- "The Official Acadademy Awards® Database". Archived from the original on 2014-06-09. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
- "The 42nd Academy Awards (1970) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 2014-12-28. Retrieved 2011-01-11.