42nd Canadian Parliament

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42nd Parliament of Canada
Majority parliament
December 3, 2015 – present
Parliament leaders
Prime
Minister

(cabinet)
Rt. Hon. Justin Trudeau
(29th Canadian Ministry)
4 November 2015 – present
Leader of the
Opposition
Hon. Rona Ambrose
5 November 2015 – 27 May 2017
Hon. Andrew Scheer
27 May 2017 – present
Party caucuses
GovernmentLiberal Party*
OppositionConservative Party
Third partyNew Democratic Party
UnrecognizedQuébec debout (June – September 2018)
Bloc Québécois
Green Party
Co-operative Commonwealth
People's Party
* House members and Senators sit in separate caucuses.
House of Commons
Parliament Of Canada Seating Plan 2015 (With Speaker Included).svg
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Speaker of the
Commons
Hon. Geoff Regan
3 December 2015 – present
Government
House Leader
Hon. Dominic LeBlanc
4 November 2015 – 19 August 2016
Hon. Bardish Chagger
19 August 2016 – present
Opposition
House Leader
Hon. Andrew Scheer
18 November 2015 – 15 September 2016
Hon. Candice Bergen
15 September 2016 – present
Members338 MP seats
List of members
Senate
Senate of Canada - Seating Plan (42nd Parliament).svg
Seating arrangements of the Senate
Speaker of the
Senate
Hon. George Furey
3 December 2015 – present
Government
Senate Rep.
Hon. Peter Harder
18 March 2016 – present
Opposition
Senate Leader
Hon. Claude Carignan
4 November 2015 – 31 March 2017
Hon. Larry Smith
1 April 2017 – present
Senators105 senator seats
List of senators
Sovereign
MonarchHM Elizabeth II
6 February 1952 – present
Governor
General
HE Rt. Hon. David Johnston
1 October 2010 – 2 October 2017
HE Rt. Hon. Julie Payette
2 October 2017 – present
Sessions
1st Session
3 December 2015 – present
<41st 43rd>

The 42nd Canadian Parliament is the current Parliament of Canada, with the membership of its Lower House, the House of Commons of Canada, having been determined by the results of the 2015 federal election held on October 19, 2015, and with at least seven new appointees to its Upper House, the Senate of Canada, on the Constitutional advice of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to Governor General David Johnston.[1] Parliament officially resumed on December 3, 2015, with the election of a new Speaker, Geoff Regan, followed by a Speech from the Throne the following day. The current Speaker of the Senate of Canada is George Furey, who was appointed Speaker of the Canadian Senate on the Constitutional advice of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, to replace Leo Housakos, on December 3, 2015.[2]

Party standings[edit]

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Canada
Government
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Standings in the 42nd Canadian Parliament
Affiliation House Members Senate Members
2015 Election Results As of 20 June 2019 On Election Day 2015 As of 12 June 2019
Liberal 184 177
Conservative 99 96 47 30
New Democratic 44 41
Bloc Québécois 10 10
Green 1 2
Co-operative Commonwealth 1
People's 1
Senate Liberal Caucus 29 9
Independent 7 6[a] 6
Independent Senators Group 59
Total members 338 335 83 104
Vacant 3 22 1
Total seats 338 105


Legislation[edit]

Among the more significant pieces of legislation adopted in the 42nd Parliament was Bill C-14, passed with a free vote, as the government's response to Carter v Canada; it inserted the term "medical assistance in dying" into the Criminal Code and made provisions for adult Canadians to engage in the practice.[3] Bill C-16 added "gender identity or expression" to the list of prohibited grounds of discrimination in the Canadian Human Rights Act and the list of characteristics of identifiable groups protected from hate propaganda in the Criminal Code - with only 40 Conservative Party members, who were all granted a free vote, opposed the bill.[4] With all party support, the Accessible Canada Act (Bill C-81) created the Canadian Accessibility Standards Development Organization and the positions of Accessibility Commissioner as a member of the Human Rights Commission and Chief Accessibility Officer as an adviser to the minister responsible for accessibility.[5] The Cannabis Act (Bill C-45) created a legal framework that allows for recreational use of cannabis by adults. Bill C-69 repealed and replaced the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act and the National Energy Board Act with the Impact Assessment Act and the Canadian Energy Regulator Act, respectively, and renamed the Navigation Protection Act to the Canadian Navigable Waters Act with new considerations for what constitutes 'navigable water'.[6] With only the Conservative Party opposed, Bill C-55 amended the Oceans Act to require the use of the precautionary principle in establishing a marine protected areas and added the maintenance of ecological integrity as a reason for their establishment.[7] In November 2018 Bill C-89 ended a strike action by employees of Canada Post.[8]

On public safety and crime, Bill C-46 inserted new provisions into the Criminal Code regarding drug–impaired driving and the ability of peace officers to use drug screening equipment and random breath testing.[9] On animal cruelty, Bill C-84 expanded the Criminal Code's provisions against cockpits to include any "arena for animal fighting" and in response to the Supreme Court of Canada findings in R. v. D.L.W., added a definition for bestiality.[10] Bill C-75, generally seeking to address court delays and promote fair and efficient trails but also included multiple other amendments, removed the allowance of peremptory challenge, allowed warrants to be acted upon anywhere in Canada rather than only in its originating province, added new provisions for videoconference by judges and court participants, restricted the use of preliminary inquiries to only cases involving offences punishable by life imprisonment, reclassified an additional 115 offenses as hybrid offenses so that they may be prosecuted either as summary convictions or as indictable offences, increased the maximum penalty for summary convictions to two years imprisonment, and deleted or amended offenses from the Criminal Code that the Supreme Court found to be unconstitutional (abortion in R v Morgentaler, vagrancy in R v Heywood, spreading false news in R v Zundel, anal intercourse in R v CM, and those offenses in R v Martineau).[11] Bill C-51 repealed or modified provisions within the Criminal Code found to be unconstitutional or obsolete, including those against dueling, blasphemous libel, witchcraft, crime comics and trading stamps[12] and, in response to R v JA, clarified that an unconscious person is unable to grant consent to sexual activity.[13][14] The Expungement of Historically Unjust Convictions Act (Bill C-66) allows the Parole Board of Canada to expunge historical convictions related to gross indecency, buggery or anal intercourse.[15][16] Bill C-93 created a process in the Criminal Records Act to allow individuals convicted of possession of cannabis before its legalization to request a record suspension.[17] Partially in response to recent court decisions on solitary confinement and the recommendations of the Ashley Smith inquest, Bill C-83 replaced the system of administrative and disciplinary segregation in federal prisons with "structured intervention units".[18] Bill C-71 amended the Firearms Act to delete the 5-year limitation on background checks, mandate that sellers verify a licence before selling a non‑restricted firearm, require sellers to maintain records of sales, require that automatic authorization to transport documents specify destinations and repeals the Governor in Council's ability to reclassify specific firearms between restricted and non-restricted.[19] Bill C-71 also undid the provisions in the Economic Action Plan 2015 Act, No. 1 exempting the Ending the Long‑gun Registry Act from the Privacy Act, Access to Information Act and the Library and Archives of Canada Act; and allows Quebec access to the Canadian Firearms Registry Data as requested in Quebec (AG) v Canada (AG).[20]

Responding to other legislation adopted during the previous parliament, Bill C-37, removed some of the obstacles to supervised injection sites that the previous parliament's Respect for Communities Act had put in place and replaced the previous government's National Anti-Drug Strategy with the new Canadian Drugs and Substances Strategy, mostly centered on the opioid epidemic.[21][22] Bill C-6 amended or repealed parts of the previous parliament's Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act including the ability to revoke citizenship based on national security, the requirement that applicants for citizenship aged 14 to 18 and 55 to 64 to prove adequate knowledge Canada and of an official language, the residency requirement increase from three years to four years, the disallowance of time spent as temporary resident as contributing to the residency requirement, and the condition of citizenship that the applicant must intend to reside in Canada.[23] Bill C-6 kept, but modified or expanded, Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act's prohibition that time spent imprisoned does not contribute to the residency requirement, that an imprisoned applicant may not be granted citizenship, and that citizenship applicants must file tax returns during their residency requirement. In addition to adding a purpose statement to the Fisheries Act, Bill C-68 restored the provision against the harmful alteration, disruption or destruction of fish habitat that the Jobs, Growth and Long-term Prosperity Act had deleted.[24][25] Bill C-4[26] repealed two private member bills adopted in the last parliament concerning union voting and financial reporting. Preparing for the 2016 Census, and in response to the previous government's involvement in the 2011 Census, Bill C-36[27] amended the Statistics Act to provide more independence to the Chief Statistician, remove imprisonment as a penalty for not responding to a census, and replacing the National Statistics Council with the Canadian Statistics Advisory Council. Bills C-17 and C-88 amended the previous parliament's Yukon and Nunavut Regulatory Improvement Act and the Northwest Territories Oil and Gas Operations Act, respectively, to address certain objections to the previous legislation.[28][29] Bill C-62[30] restored or addressed changes made by the previous parliament to the Federal Public Sector Labour Relations Act regarding the determination of essential services, the ability to select between arbitration and conciliation to resolve collective bargaining disputes, and matters related to sick and disability leave.

In modernizing existing legislation, the Preclearance Act, 2016 (Bill C-23)[31] repealed and replaced the Preclearance Act, 1999 with a modernized version based on the Canada—U.S. Shared Vision for Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness.[32] The Transportation Modernization Act (Bill C-49)[33] partly implemented the "Transportation 2030" plan, which was the result of a review, launched in 2014, of the Canada Transportation Act and also addressed issues arising from the previous parliament's Fair Rail for Grain Farmers Act; the changes included implementing long-haul interswitching as a permanent mechanism in the rail industry; excluding revenue from interswitching and from the movement of grain in containers on flatcars from Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway's maximum revenue entitlement; requiring railway companies to keep up-to-date plans for each of their railway lines and to publicly report on their abilities to move a given summer's grain crop along with a winter contingency plans; installation of locomotive voice and video recorders onto trains; increasing the individual ownership limit in Canadian National Railway from 15% to 25%; raising the foreign ownership limits for Canadian airlines from 25% to 49% of an airlines' voting interest with the new rule that no single foreign investor may own more than 25%; expanding the review of joint ventures in the airline industry to also include the public interest, as well as fair competition practices.[34] Bill C-25[35] amended the Canada Business Corporations Act and Canada Cooperatives Act to allow more online tools to be used to disseminate required information to shareholders in their notice and access systems, to require certain types of corporations to disclose to shareholders the composition of their boards and senior management, as well as their diversity policies or the statement that they do not have a diversity policy. The bill also prohibited businesses from issuing bearer forms of share certificates and share warrants and modified how directors of certain corporations and cooperatives are elected: that they must be elected individually, not as a slate or a group of candidates, and reduce maximum term lengths from 3 to 1 years. Bill C-57 updated how Canada's Sustainable Development Strategy is implemented.[36] Bill C-78 updated the Divorce Act and two other related acts, as well as brought them in line with international standards of the Child Protection Convention and Child Support Convention.[37]

Following through with international agreements, Bill C-11 implemented the Marrakesh VIP Treaty,[38] Bill C-13 implemented the Bali Package,[39] Bill C-64 implemented the Wreck Removal Convention,[40] Bill C-82 implemented the BEPS multilateral instrument,[41] and Bill C-31 implemented the Canada–Ukraine Free Trade Agreement,[42] all with unanimous consent, while the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (Bill C-30)[43] and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (Bill C-79)[44] were implemented with only Liberals and Conservatives in support. Fulfilling a condition to ending Trump tariffs on steel and aluminum, Bill C-101 suspended, until 2021, the moratorium on trade safeguards.[45] With only Liberal Party support, Bill C-7[46] was adopted as the government's response to the Supreme Court's ruling in Mounted Police Association of Ontario v. Canada (Attorney General), allowing RCMP members to have certain collective bargaining rights. Bill C-22[47] created the National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians.[48] The Minister of Transport introduced Bill C-10[49] which amended the Air Canada Public Participation Act to expand where Air Canada's maintenance centres may be located to the general provinces of Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec, rather than the specific cities of Winnipeg, Mississauga and Montreal. With only the Conservative Party and Bloc Québécois opposed, Bill C-50[50] created new reporting requirements for political fundraising events attended by a party leader or a minister and expanded the reporting of leadership campaign expenses.[51]

Financial measures[edit]

Regarding financial measures, Bill C-2[52] amended the Income Tax Act to lower federal tax paid on income between $45,283 and $90,563 from 22% to 20.5% and introduce a new top tax bracket that applies a rate of 33% to a person's income in excess of $200,000.[53] The bill also re-instated the $5,500 annual limit to Tax-Free Savings Account contributions which the previous parliament had raised to $10,000. Bill C-26[54] amended the Canada Pension Plan to create the Additional Canada Pension Plan Account and to increase the maximum level of pensionable earnings.

The legislative changes resulting from the 2016 budget were implemented in Bill C-15[55] and Bill C-29[56] and included replacing the Canada Child Tax Benefit and Universal Child Care Benefit with the Canada Child Benefit, repealing the Family Tax Cut (income splitting) Credit, Education Tax Credit, Textbook Tax Credit, Children's Arts Tax Credit, Child Fitness Tax Credit, creating the School Supplies Tax Credit, exempting insulin pens, intermittent urinary catheters and feminine hygiene products from GST/HST, allowing a charity or athletic association to hold up to 20% interest in a limited partnership business, and expanding the definition of "Canadian exploration expense" to include environmental studies and community consultations conducted as a condition of obtaining a licence or permit. The Canadian Forces disability award and death benefit were raised to $360,000; the rates for Northern Residents Deduction were increased by 33%; and employment insurance benefits were temporarily extended for high unemployment areas (e.g. the northern areas of the provinces of Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and BC, the cities of Sudbury and Whitehorse, and most of the provinces of Alberta and Newfoundland and Labrador). Bill C-15 also repealed the previous parliament's Federal Balanced Budget Act and rolled back its age eligibility for the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement from 67 to 65 years old.

The legislative changes resulting from the 2017 budget were implemented in Bill C-44[57] and Bill C-63[58] Among the changes was the phasing out of the Canada Savings Bond program, making commercial ride-sharing services subject to GST/HST, exempting naloxone from GST/HST, eliminating of the Public Transit Tax Credit and Investment Tax Credit for Child Care Spaces, eliminating the GST/HST rebate for non-residents using Canadian accommodations as part of a tour package, increasing the excise tax on tobacco products and tying increases of the excise tax on alcoholic products to the consumer price index, and allowing mark-to-market accounting to be used for income tax calculations in forward rate and swap agreements.[59] Bill C-44 included, within it, the Canada Infrastructure Bank Act to invest directly or attract private investment in infrastructure projects that are anticipated to generate revenue and be in the public interest, and the Invest in Canada Act which created the new crown corporation called Invest in Canada Hub to promote foreign direct investment and created the Service Fees Act to replace the User Fees Act.[60] Bill C-63 included, within it, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank Agreement Act so Canada could join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, repealed the Timber Marking Act, and created the Canadian Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act to replace the Agreement on Internal Trade Implementation Act.

The legislative changes resulting from the 2018 budget were implemented in Bill C-74[61] and Bill C-86.[62] Among the changes was making cannabis subject to an excise duty, requiring the excise duty on tobacco products be adjusted for inflation every year instead of every five years, reducing the small business tax rate from 10.5% to and to 9%,[63] removing the requirement for a risk score to Canadian Armed Forces personnel and police officers serving on international missions to qualify for tax relief on income earned while deployed, amending the Veterans Well-being Act to merge four benefit programs to create the new Income Replacement Benefit and replacing the Disability Award with a new 'pain and suffering compensation', renaming the 'Working Income Tax Benefit' to the 'Canada Workers Benefit' while increasing its rate from 25% to 26%, expanding the Medical Expense Tax Credit to cover the costs of caring for a service animal benefiting those living with a severe mental impairment,[64] extending the Mineral Exploration Tax Credit by one year, extending the accelerated capital cost allowance program for clean energy generation and energy conservation equipment to 2025, expanding who is subject to Tax-on-Split-Income rules,[65] creates the office of the Chief Information Officer of Canada, extends the provincial equalization payments program program to 2024, and inserted provisions for deferred prosecution agreements into the Criminal Code.[66] Bill C-74 included, within it, the Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act which created a carbon price (i.e. a fuel charge and a fee on industrial emissions) in provinces where such a carbon price does not exist.[67]

Private member bills[edit]

Ten private member bills received royal assent, with only Bill C-210 not receiving unanimous support:

  • Mauril Bélanger's An Act to amend the National Anthem Act (gender) (Bill C-210) replaces the words "in all thy sons command" to "in all of us command" in the English version of the national anthem,[68]
  • Todd Doherty's Federal Framework on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Act (Bill C-211) requires the Minister of Health to prepare a framework for tracking incidence rates and for establishing guidelines for diagnosing, treating and managing post-traumatic stress disorder,[69]
  • Ron McKinnon's Good Samaritan Drug Overdose Act (Bill C-224) amends the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act to provide immunity from drug possession charges when seeking help to address an overdose,[70]
  • Rob Nicholson's National Strategy for Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias Act (Bill C-233) requires the Minister of Health develop and implement a national strategy to address aspects of dementia in the healthcare system,[71]
  • Darren Fisher's National Strategy for Safe and Environmentally Sound Disposal of Lamps Containing Mercury Act (Bill C-238) requires the Minister of the Environment develop a national strategy for the disposal tube and compact fluorescent light bulbs,[72]
  • Marilyn Gladu's Framework on Palliative Care in Canada Act (Bill C-277) requires the Minister of Health prepare a framework for improving access and delivery of palliative care,[73]
  • Chandra Arya's An Act to amend the Criminal Code (mischief) (Bill C-305) expands the scope of the Criminal Code provisions relating to acts of mischief motivated by hate on religious property to also cover educational institutions, community centres, sports or recreational facilities and a residence for seniors,[74]
  • Sven Spengemann's Gender Equality Week Act (Bill C-309) names the fourth week in September in every year Gender Equality Week,[75]
  • Colin Fraser's An Act to amend the Holidays Act (Remembrance Day) (Bill C-311) adds the word legal to the act.[76]
  • Sukh Dhaliwal's Sikh Heritage Month Act (Bill C-376) names April of every year Sikh Heritage Month.[77]

Senate bills[edit]

On behalf of the government, senate government bills included the Strengthening Motor Vehicle Safety for Canadians Act (Bill S-2)[78] which amended the Motor Vehicle Safety Act to allow the Minister of Transport to order a motor vehicle company to issue a recall, rather than allow the process to be at the manufacturer's discretion; Bill S-3[79] which amended the Indian Act as the government's response to a Quebec Superior Court ruling finding sex-based inequities in the Indian Register to be contrary to the Charter of Rights and Freedoms; Bills S-4[80] and S-6 which implemented tax treaties with Israel, Taiwan and Madagascar; and Bill S-5[81] renamed the Tobacco Act to the Tobacco and Vaping Products Act[82] and introduced provisions relating to vaping products, such as a prohibition to selling or marketing to minors, plain packaging requirements and restrictions on advertising. Among the other bills initiated in the senate that were adopted by the parliament, Bill S-208[83] made May 20 of each year National Seal Products Day,[84] Bill S-211[85] made June 19 of each year National Sickle Cell Awareness Day, Bill S-218[86] made October of every year Latin American Heritage Month, Bill S-232[87] made May of every year Canadian Jewish Heritage Month, and Bill S-236[88] simply states Charlottetown is the birthplace of Confederation. Other Senate public bills included the Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials Act (Sergei Magnitsky Law)[89] which allows the Governor-in-Council to seize property situated in Canada of a foreign national believed to be involved in extrajudicial killings or violations of internationally recognized human rights, and the Journalistic Sources Protection Act (Bill S-231)[90] which allows journalists to object to an order to reveal a source of information and have the objection weighed by a court judge in light of public interest and rights to privacy. The Genetic Non-Discrimination Act (Bill S-201)[91] was adopted with the Conservative Party, NDP and Green Party in favour; Liberal Party members were granted a free vote though the prime-minister urged members to oppose the bill, as presented, based on concerns of inconsistency with the Constitution.[92] The act makes it a criminal offence to require an individual to undergo a genetic test, or to disclose the results of such a test, as a condition of providing goods or services, with exceptions for health care practitioners and researchers.

Canadian Ministry[edit]

The 29th Canadian Ministry began with the 42nd Parliament and was sworn in by Gov. Gen. David Johnston on November 4, 2015. It was the first Cabinet of Canada to have an equal number of men and women. Prime Minister Trudeau appointed Bill Morneau to be Minister of Finance, Jody Wilson-Raybould as Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, Jane Philpott as Minister of Health, Catherine McKenna as Minister of Environment and Climate Change, Harjit Sajjan as Minister of National Defence, and Ralph Goodale as Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness

The first change to the membership of the 29th Ministry occurred with the May 31, 2016, resignation of Hunter Tootoo as Minister of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Guard so that he can sit as an independent MP; he was replaced by Dominic LeBlanc. The second change in membership came with the January 10, 2017, retirements of Foreign Affairs Minister Stéphane Dion and Immigration Minister John McCallum. The Prime Minister promoted Ahmed Hussen to replace McCallum at Immigration, and moved Chrystia Freeland from Minister of International Trade to Foreign Affairs, with François-Philippe Champagne being promoted to replace Freeland at International Trade. In that same cabinet shuffle MaryAnn Mihychuk was removed from cabinet and Karina Gould promoted to cabinet, with Patty Hajdu replacing Mihychuk as Minister of Employment, Workforce, and Labour, Maryam Monsef replacing Hajdu as Minister of Status of Women, and Gould taking over Monsef's role as Minister of Democratic Institutions.

An August 28, 2017, cabinet shuffle instigated by Judy Foote, Minister of Public Services and Procurement, resigning as an MP due to health concerns, saw Foote replaced by Minister of Sport and Persons with Disabilities Carla Qualtrough, with Kent Hehr becoming Sports minister and Seamus O'Regan being promoted to take over Hehr's role as Minister of Veterans Affairs. In that same cabinet shuffle Philpott moved to the newly created Minister of Indigenous Services with Ginette Petitpas Taylor being promoted to replace Philpott as Health minister. On January 25, 2018, Hehr resigned from cabinet following accusations of inappropriate behaviour[93] and was replaced by Kirsty Duncan who added Hehr's role as Sports minister to her existing duties as Minister of Science.

A major cabinet shuffle on July 18, 2018, saw the promotion of five MPs to cabinet with duties within several ministries shifted around. Bill Blair had the Ministry of Border Security and Organized Crime Reduction created for him from duties split off of Ahmed Hussen's portfolio. Jonathan Wilkinson took over the Minister of Fisheries, Oceans, and the Canadian Coast Guard role from Dominic LeBlanc who became Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Northern Affairs and Internal Trade, with Intergovernmental Affairs coming from Trudeau's own portfolio and Northern Affairs from Carolyn Bennett's. Pablo Rodríguez took over the Ministry of Canadian Heritage from Mélanie Joly who had the role of Minister of Tourism, Official Languages and La Francophonie created for her, taking La Francophonie from Marie-Claude Bibeau and Tourism from Bardish Chagger's portfolio. While Chagger remained Leader of the Government in the House of Commons her responsibility for Small Business went to Mary Ng who became Minister of Small Business and Export Promotion. Filomena Tassi became the Minister of Seniors, split out of Jean-Yves Duclos portfolio. Jim Carr took over Minister of International Trade Diversification from François-Philippe Champagne who took over as Minister of Infrastructure and Communities from Amarjeet Sohi who took over Carr's role as Minister of Natural Resources.

A shuffle on January 14, 2019, instigated by the resignation of Scott Brison, President of the Treasury Board, saw Jane Philpott move from Minister of Indigenous Services to replace Brison, with Seamus O'Regan filling her former position and Jody Wilson-Raybould replacing him as Minister of Veterans Affairs. Both David Lametti and Bernadette Jordan were promoted to cabinet from parliamentary secretary roles; Lametti to replace Wilson-Raybould as Minister of Justice and Attorney General and Jordan to fill the new role of Minister of Rural Economic Development.[94] Amidst the SNC-Lavalin affair Wilson-Raybould and Philpott resigned their cabinet positions and were replaced by Lawrence MacAulay and Joyce Murray, respectively, with Marie-Claude Bibeau taking over MacAulay's former role as Minister of Agriculture and Maryam Monsef adding Bibeau's International Development duties to her existing duties as Minister of Status of Women.[95]

Members[edit]

For full lists of members of the 42nd Parliament of Canada, see List of House members of the 42nd Parliament of Canada and List of senators in the 42nd Parliament of Canada.

Representation by Province/Territory[edit]

House of Commons[edit]

For background on the current representation, see:

  1. The representation acts in the List of Canadian constitutional documents
  2. Elections Canada's history on the representation formula (including the 1985 Representation Act, but any subsequent acts such as the 1999 Constitution Act or the 2011 Fair Representation Act).[96]
  3. Canadian Parliamentary Review's proposal for fairer representation for small provinces (around the time of the 2011 representation formula revision).[97]
Province/Territory # MPs (ridings)[98] Percentage of seats '000s persons per MP
(est. July 2015)[99]
Alberta 34 10.0% 121.9
British Colombia 42 12.4% 113.7
Manitoba 14 4.0% 92.3
New Brunswick 10 3.0% 75.9
Newfoundland and Labrador 7 2.0% 74.0
Northwest Territories 1 0.3% 44.0
Nova Scotia 11 3.2% 85.0
Nunavut 1 0.3% 36.5
Ontario 121 35.8% 113.3
Prince Edward Island 4 1.2% 36.0
Quebec 78 23.1% 104.8
Saskatchewan 14 4.0% 80.0
Yukon 1 0.3% 37.7
Canada
(total/average)
338 100% 105.6

Senate[edit]

For historical and current representation in the Senate, see Senate of Canada's history and current representation.

Officeholders[edit]

The current officers of Parliament during the 42nd Parliament are set out below.

Speakers[edit]

Other Chair occupants[edit]

Senate

House of Commons

Party Leaders[edit]

Floor leaders[edit]

Senate

House of Commons

Whips[edit]

Senate

House of Commons

Caucus Chairs[edit]

Shadow cabinets[edit]

Committees[edit]

Standing[edit]

Access to Information, Privacy and Ethics

Agriculture and Agri-Food

Canadian Heritage

Citizenship and Immigration

Environment and Sustainable Development

Finance

Fisheries and Oceans

Foreign Affairs and International Development

Government Operations and Estimates

Health

Human Resources, Skills and Social Development and the Status of Persons with Disabilities

Indigenous and Northern Affairs

Industry, Science and Technology

International Trade

Justice and Human Rights

National Defence

Natural Resources

Official Languages

Procedure and House Affairs

Public Accounts

Public Safety and National Security

Status of Women

Transport, Infrastructure and Communities

Veterans Affairs

Joint Committee on the Library of Parliament

Joint Committee for the Scrutiny of Regulations

Special[edit]

Electoral Reform

Pay Equity

Joint Committee on Physician-Assisted Dying

Changes to party standings[edit]

House of Commons[edit]

Membership Changes[edit]

Date District Name Party before Party after Reason
March 23, 2016 Medicine Hat—Cardston—Warner Jim Hillyer Conservative Vacant Died of an apparent heart attack.[106]
May 31, 2016 Nunavut Hunter Tootoo Liberal Independent Left Cabinet and the Liberal caucus to undergo addiction treatment.[107]
August 16, 2016 Ottawa—Vanier Mauril Bélanger Liberal Vacant Died of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.[108]
August 26, 2016 Calgary Heritage Stephen Harper Conservative Vacant Resigned.[109]
September 23, 2016 Calgary Midnapore Jason Kenney Conservative Vacant Resigned to enter provincial politics.[110]
October 24, 2016 Medicine Hat—Cardston—Warner Glen Motz Vacant Conservative Elected as a member of parliament in a by-election.
January 31, 2017 Saint-Laurent Stéphane Dion Liberal Vacant Resigned to enter diplomatic post.[111]
January 31, 2017 Markham—Thornhill John McCallum Liberal Vacant Resigned to enter diplomatic post.[111]
April 3, 2017 Calgary Heritage Bob Benzen Vacant Conservative Elected in a by-election.
Ottawa—Vanier Mona Fortier Liberal
Calgary Midnapore Stephanie Kusie Conservative
Saint-Laurent Emmanuella Lambropoulos Liberal
Markham—Thornhill Mary Ng Liberal
July 4, 2017 Sturgeon River—Parkland Rona Ambrose Conservative Vacant Resigned to join the Wilson Center as a visiting scholar.[112]
August 9, 2017 Lac-Saint-Jean Denis Lebel Conservative Vacant Resigned to accept a position in the private sector.[113]
August 31, 2017 Calgary Skyview Darshan Kang Liberal Independent Resigned from the Liberal caucus amid allegations of sexual assault.[114]
September 14, 2017 Scarborough—Agincourt Arnold Chan Liberal Vacant Died of cancer.[115]
September 29, 2017 South Surrey—White Rock Dianne Watts Conservative Vacant Resigned to seek the leadership of the British Columbia Liberal Party.[116]
September 30, 2017 Bonavista—Burin—Trinity Judy Foote Liberal Vacant Resigned due to illness in her family.[117]
October 2, 2017 Battlefords—Lloydminster Gerry Ritz Conservative Vacant Resigned.[118]
October 23, 2017 Sturgeon River—Parkland Dane Lloyd Vacant Conservative Elected in a by-election.
Lac-Saint-Jean Richard Hébert Liberal
December 1, 2017 Chicoutimi—Le Fjord Denis Lemieux Liberal Vacant Resigned.[119]
December 11, 2017 Bonavista—Burin—Trinity Churence Rogers Vacant Liberal Elected as a member of parliament in a by-election.
Scarborough—Agincourt Jean Yip Liberal
Battlefords—Lloydminster Rosemarie Falk Conservative
South Surrey—White Rock Gordie Hogg Liberal
February 28, 2018 Terrebonne Michel Boudrias Bloc Québécois Québec debout[n 1] Resigned from the Bloc Québécois caucus citing conflict with party leader Martine Ouellet.[120]
Rivière-du-Nord Rhéal Fortin
Mirabel Simon Marcil
Repentigny Monique Pauzé
Bécancour—Nicolet—Saurel Louis Plamondon
Joliette Gabriel Ste-Marie
Montcalm Luc Thériault
May 2, 2018 Leeds—Grenville—Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes Gord Brown Conservative Vacant Died of a heart attack.[121]
May 3, 2018 Regina—Lewvan Erin Weir New Democratic Independent Expelled from NDP caucus following investigation into allegations of sexual misconduct. Then changed affiliation to CCF.[122][123]
May 11, 2018 Independent CCF
June 6, 2018 Terrebonne Michel Boudrias Québec debout Bloc Québécois Rejoined the Bloc Québécois caucus following the resignation of party leader Martine Ouellet.[124]
Mirabel Simon Marcil
June 18, 2018 Chicoutimi—Le Fjord Richard Martel Vacant Conservative Elected as a member of parliament in a by-election.[125]
August 3, 2018 Outremont Thomas Mulcair New Democratic Vacant Resigned[126]
August 23, 2018 Beauce Maxime Bernier Conservative Independent Resigned from the Conservative caucus, and changed affiliation to newly created People's Party.[127][128]
September 14, 2018 Independent People's
September 14, 2018 Burnaby South Kennedy Stewart New Democratic Vacant Resigned to run for Mayor of Vancouver in the 2018 Vancouver municipal election.[129]
September 17, 2018 Rivière-du-Nord Rhéal Fortin Québec debout Bloc Québécois Rejoined the Bloc Québécois caucus.[130]
Repentigny Monique Pauzé
Bécancour—Nicolet—Saurel Louis Plamondon
Joliette Gabriel Ste-Marie
Montcalm Luc Thériault
September 17, 2018 Aurora—Oak Ridges—Richmond Hill Leona Alleslev Liberal Conservative Changed affiliation[131]
September 30, 2018 York—Simcoe Peter Van Loan Conservative Vacant Resigned[132]
November 7, 2018 Parry Sound—Muskoka Tony Clement Conservative Independent Resigned from the Conservative caucus amid sexting scandal[133]
November 30, 2018 Brampton East Raj Grewal Liberal Independent Resigned from the Liberal caucus due to controversy around his problem gambling and alleged ethical breaches.[134]
December 3, 2018 Leeds—Grenville—Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes Michael Barrett Vacant Conservative Elected as a member of parliament in a by-election.
January 2, 2019 Nanaimo—Ladysmith Sheila Malcolmson New Democratic Vacant Resigned to enter provincial politics.[135]
January 29, 2019 Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel Nicola Di Iorio Liberal Vacant Resigned.[136]
February 10, 2019 Kings—Hants Scott Brison Liberal Vacant Resigned[137]
February 25, 2019 Outremont Rachel Bendayan Vacant Liberal Elected as a member of parliament in a by-election.
York—Simcoe Scot Davidson Conservative
Burnaby South Jagmeet Singh New Democratic
March 20, 2019 Whitby Celina Caesar-Chavannes Liberal Independent Resigned from caucus.[138]
April 2, 2019 Markham—Stouffville Jane Philpott Liberal Independent Removed from the Liberal caucus.[139]
Vancouver Granville Jody Wilson-Raybould
May 6, 2019 Nanaimo—Ladysmith Paul Manly Vacant Green Elected as a member of parliament in a by-election.
June 20, 2019 Langley—Aldergrove Mark Warawa Conservative Vacant Died of cancer.[140]

The party standings in the House of Commons have changed as follows:

October 19, 2015 – December 11, 2017
Number of members
per party by date
2015 2016 2017
Oct 19 Mar 23 May 31 Aug 16 Aug 26 Sep 23 Oct 24 Jan 31 Apr 3 Jul 4 Aug 9 Aug 31 Sep 14 Sep 30 Oct 2 Oct 23 Dec 1 Dec 11
Liberal 184 183 182 180 183 182 181 180 181 180 183
Conservative 99 98 97 96 97 99 98 97 96 95 96 97
New Democratic 44
Bloc Québécois 10
Green 1
Independent 0 1 2
  Total members 338 337 336 335 334 335 333 338 337 336 335 333 332 334 333 337
Government Majority 30 31 29 28 29 30 29 27 28 29 30 28 27 27 28 28 27 29
Vacant 0 1 2 3 4 3 5 0 1 2 3 5 6 4 5 1
February 28, 2018 – February 25, 2019
Number of members
per party by date
2018 2019
Feb 28 May 2 May 3 May 11 Jun 6 Jun 18 Aug 3 Aug 23 Sep 14 Sep 17 Sep 30 Nov 7 Nov 30 Dec 3 Jan 2 Jan 29 Feb 10 Feb 25
Liberal 183 182 181 180 179 180
Conservative 97 96 97 96 97 96 95 96 97
New Democratic 44 43 42 41 40 41
Bloc Québécois 3 5 10
  Québec debout 7 5
Green 1
Co-operative Commonwealth 1
People's 1
Independent 2 3 2 3 2 3 4
  Total members 337 336 337 336 335 334 335 334 333 332 335
Government Majority 29 30 29 30 31 29 30 28 27 28 27 26 25
Vacant 1 2 1 2 3 4 3 4 5 6 3
March 20, 2019 – present
Number of members
per party by date
2019
Mar 20 Apr 2 May 6 Jun 20
Liberal 179 177
Conservative 97 96
New Democratic 41
Bloc Québécois 10
Green 1 2
Co-operative Commonwealth 1
People's 1
Independent 5 7
  Total members 335 336 335
Government Majority 24 22 21 22
Vacant 3 2 3

Senate[edit]

Membership changes[edit]

Date Name Province Affiliation before Affiliation after Reason
November 19, 2015 John Wallace New Brunswick Conservative Non-affiliated Resigned from Conservative caucus
December 3, 2015 Jacques Demers Quebec Conservative Non-affiliated Resigned from Conservative caucus
December 7, 2015 George Furey Newfoundland and Labrador Senate Liberal Non-affiliated Resigned from Senate Liberal caucus
February 2, 2016 Pierrette Ringuette New Brunswick Senate Liberal Non-affiliated Resigned from Senate Liberal caucus
February 10, 2016 Irving Gerstein Ontario Conservative vacant Mandatory retirement
February 17, 2016 Elaine McCoy Alberta Ind. Progressive Conservative Non-affiliated Redesignated from Independent Progressive Conservative
March 1, 2016 Maria Chaput Manitoba Senate Liberal vacant Resigned from Senate
March 7, 2016 Michel Rivard Quebec Conservative Non-affiliated Resigned from Conservative caucus
March 8, 2016 Diane Bellemare Quebec Conservative Non-affiliated Resigned from Conservative caucus
March 23, 2016 Peter Harder Ontario vacant Non-affiliated Appointed to Senate
April 1, 2016 Raymonde Gagné Manitoba
Frances Lankin Ontario
Ratna Omidvar
Chantal Petitclerc Quebec
André Pratte
April 2, 2016 Murray Sinclair Manitoba
April 6, 2016 Larry Campbell British Columbia Senate Liberal Non-affiliated Resigned from Senate Liberal caucus
April 22, 2016 Céline Hervieux-Payette Quebec Senate Liberal vacant Mandatory retirement
May 2, 2016 Grant Mitchell Alberta Senate Liberal Non-affiliated Resigned from Senate Liberal caucus
May 5, 2016 Nick Sibbeston Northwest Territories Senate Liberal Non-affiliated Resigned from Senate Liberal caucus
May 16, 2016 David Smith Ontario Senate Liberal vacant Mandatory retirement
July 14, 2016 Doug Black Alberta Conservative Non-affiliated Resigned from Conservative caucus
August 7, 2016 Michel Rivard Quebec Non-affiliated vacant Mandatory retirement
September 27, 2016 Janis Johnson Manitoba Conservative vacant Resigned from Senate
November 10, 2016 Nancy Hartling New Brunswick vacant Non-affiliated Appointed to Senate
Wanda Thomas Bernard Nova Scotia
Gwen Boniface Ontario
Tony Dean
Sabi Marwah
Lucie Moncion
Kim Pate
Howard Wetston
Patricia Bovey Manitoba
René Cormier
Marilou McPhedran
Renée Dupuis Quebec
Diane Griffin Prince Edward Island
Yuen Pau Woo British Columbia
November 21, 2016 Éric Forest Quebec
November 22, 2016 Pierre-Hugues Boisvenu Quebec Non-affiliated Conservative Rejoined Conservative caucus
November 25, 2016 Marc Gold Quebec vacant Non-affiliated Appointed to Senate
Marie-Françoise Mégie
Raymonde Saint Germain
December 2, 2016 33 Non-affiliated senators Various Non-affiliated ISG Formation of Independent Senators Group
December 6, 2016 Daniel Christmas Nova Scotia Non-affiliated ISG Appointed to Senate
Redesignated from non-affiliated
Rosa Galvez Quebec
January 6, 2017 Nancy Ruth Ontario Conservative vacant Mandatory retirement
January 14, 2017 Wilfred P. Moore Nova Scotia Senate Liberal vacant Mandatory retirement
January 22, 2017 Jim Cowan Nova Scotia Senate Liberal vacant Mandatory retirement
January 31, 2017 Josée Verner Quebec Non-affiliated Conservative Rejoined Conservative caucus
February 1, 2017 John D. Wallace New Brunswick Non-affiliated vacant Resigned from Senate
March 10, 2017 Don Meredith Ontario ISG Non-affiliated Resigned from Independent Senators Group
Anne Cools Non-affiliated ISG Redesignated from non-affiliated
March 30, 2017 Wanda Bernard Nova Scotia Non-affiliated ISG Redesignated from non-affiliated
March 31, 2017 Pana Merchant Saskatchewan Senate Liberal vacant Resigned from Senate
May 10, 2017 Don Meredith Ontario Non-affiliated vacant Resigned from Senate
May 16, 2017 Stephen Greene Nova Scotia Conservative Non-affiliated Removed from Conservative caucus
August 10, 2017 Bob Runciman Ontario Conservative vacant Mandatory retirement
August 15, 2017 Daniel Lang Yukon Conservative vacant Resigned from Senate
August 30, 2017 David Adams Richards New Brunswick vacant Non-affiliated Appointed to Senate
September 4, 2017 George Baker Newfoundland and Labrador Senate Liberal vacant Mandatory retirement
September 8, 2017 Elizabeth Hubley Prince Edward Island Senate Liberal vacant Mandatory retirement
September 28, 2017 David Adams Richards New Brunswick Non-affiliated ISG Redesignated from non-affiliated
October 17, 2017 Josée Verner Quebec
October 24, 2017 Stephen Greene Nova Scotia
October 30, 2017 Paul Massicotte Quebec
November 6, 2017 Kelvin Ogilvie Nova Scotia Conservative vacant Mandatory retirement
November 16, 2017 Tobias Enverga Nova Scotia Conservative vacant Death
November 21, 2017 Nick Sibbeston Northwest Territories Non-affiliated vacant Resigned from Senate
December 4, 2017 Mary Coyle Nova Scotia vacant Non-affiliated Appointed to Senate
Mary Jane McCallum Manitoba
January 4, 2018 Lynn Beyak Ontario Conservative Non-affiliated Removed from Conservative caucus
February 2, 2018 Joan Fraser Quebec Senate Liberal vacant Resigned from Senate
Colin Kenny Ontario
Claudette Tardif Alberta
February 7, 2018 Mary Coyle Nova Scotia Non-affiliated ISG Redesignated from non-affiliated
Mary Jane McCallum Manitoba
February 15, 2018 Robert Black Ontario vacant Non-affiliated Appointed to Senate
Martha Deacon
February 28, 2018 Robert Black Ontario Non-affiliated ISG Redesignated from non-affiliated
Martha Deacon
March 15, 2018 Yvonne Boyer Ontario vacant Non-affiliated Appointed to Senate
March 16, 2018 Charlie Watt Quebec Senate Liberal vacant Resigned from Senate
March 28, 2018 Yvonne Boyer Ontario Non-affiliated ISG Redesignated from non-affiliated
April 24, 2018 David Adams Richards New Brunswick ISG Non-affiliated Redesignated from Independent Senators Group
May 11, 2018 Nancy Greene Raine British Columbia Conservative vacant Mandatory retirement
June 1, 2018 Mohamed-Iqbal Ravalia Newfoundland and Labrador vacant Non-affiliated Appointed to Senate
June 6, 2018 Pierre Dalphond Quebec vacant Non-affiliated Appointed to Senate
Donna Dasko Ontario
June 7, 2018 Mohamed-Iqbal Ravalia Newfoundland and Labrador Non-affiliated ISG Redesignated from non-affiliated
June 8, 2018 Pierre Dalphond Quebec
Donna Dasko Ontario
David Adams Richards New Brunswick
June 15, 2018 Colin Deacon Nova Scotia vacant Non-affiliated Appointed to Senate
June 20, 2018 Julie Miville-Dechêne Quebec
August 12, 2018 Anne Cools Ontario ISG vacant Mandatory retirement
August 21, 2018 Betty Unger Alberta Conservative
September 19, 2018 Julie Miville-Dechêne Quebec Non-affiliated ISG Redesignated from non-affiliated
September 21, 2018 Colin Deacon Nova Scotia
September 24, 2018 Bev Busson British Columbia vacant Non-affiliated Appointed to Senate
Marty Klyne Saskatchewan
September 29, 2018 Art Eggleton Ontario Senate Liberal vacant Mandatory retirement
October 3, 2018 Peter Boehm Ontario vacant Non-affiliated Appointed to Senate
Patti LaBoucane-Benson Alberta
Paula Simons
October 11, 2018 Josée Forest-Niesing Ontario
Brian Francis Prince Edward Island
October 17, 2018 Bev Busson British Columbia Non-affiliated ISG Redesignated from non-affiliated
Josée Forest-Niesing Ontario
Brian Francis Prince Edward Island
October 18, 2018 Peter Boehm Ontario
Paula Simons Alberta
October 30, 2018 Patti LaBoucane-Benson Alberta
October 31, 2018 Marty Klyne Saskatchewan
December 12, 2018 Margaret Dawn Anderson Northwest Territories vacant Non-affiliated Appointed to Senate
Pat Duncan Yukon
Stan Kutcher Nova Scotia
Rosemary Moodie Ontario
December 19, 2018 Mobina Jaffer British Columbia Senate Liberal Non-affiliated Resigned from Senate Liberal caucus
February 21, 2019 Margaret Dawn Anderson Northwest Territories Non-affiliated ISG Redesignated from non-affiliated
Pat Duncan Yukon
Stan Kutcher Nova Scotia
Rosemary Moodie Ontario
April 22, 2019 Ghislain Maltais Quebec Conservative vacant Mandatory retirement
June 12, 2019 Mobina Jaffer British Columbia Non-affiliated ISG Redesignated from non-affiliated

The party standings in the Senate have changed during the 42nd Canadian Parliament as follows:

Number of members
per party by date
2015 2016
Oct 19 Nov 19 Dec 3 Dec 7 Feb 2 Feb 10 Feb 17 Mar 1 Mar 7 Mar 8 Mar 23 Apr 1 Apr 2 Apr 6 Apr 22 May 2 May 5 May 16 Jul 14 Aug 7 Sep 27 Nov 10 Nov 21 Nov 22 Nov 25 Dec 2 Dec 6
Conservative 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 41
Independent Senators Group - 33 35
Senate Liberal Caucus 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21
Non-affiliated 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 19 20 21 22 23 24 23 37 38 37 40 7
Independent PC 1 -
Vacant 22 23 24 23 18 17 18 19 20 21 7 6 3 1
Number of members
per party by date
2017 2018
Jan 6 Jan 14 Jan 22 Jan 31 Feb 1 Mar 30 Mar 31 May 10 May 16 Aug 10 Aug 15 Aug 30 Sep 4 Sep 8 Sep 28 Oct 17 Oct 24 Oct 30 Nov 6 Nov 16 Nov 21 Dec 4 Jan 4 Feb 2 Feb 7 Feb 15 Feb 28
Independent Senators Group 35 34 35 36 37 38 39 41 43
Conservative 40 39 38 37 36 36 35 34 33
Senate Liberal Caucus 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 12
Non-affiliated 7 8 7 6 7 8 7 6 5 4 6 7 5 7 5
Vacant 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 8 9 10 11 12 13 11 14 12
Number of members
per party by date
2018 2019
Mar 15 Mar 16 Mar 28 Apr 24 May 11 Jun 1 Jun 6 Jun 7 Jun 8 Jun 15 Jun 20 Aug 12 Aug 20 Sep 19 Sep 21 Sep 24 Sep 29 Oct 3 Oct 11 Oct 17 Oct 18 Oct 30 Oct 31 Dec 12 Dec 19 Feb 21 Apr 22
Independent Senators Group 43 44 43 44 46 45 46 47 50 52 53 54 58
Conservative 33 32 31 30
Senate Liberal Caucus 12 11 10 9
Non-affiliated 6 5 6 7 9 8 6 7 8 7 6 8 11 13 10 8 7 6 10 11 7
Vacant 11 12 13 12 10 9 8 9 10 8 9 6 4 0 1

Vacancies and pending appointments[edit]

Name Party Province (Division) Nominated by Seat Last Held By Party Reason for Vacancy Vacant since
  Vacant Quebec (Shawinigan) Ghislain Maltais Conservative Mandatory Retirement April 22, 2019 86 days

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Includes Elaine McCoy, who was designated as Independent Progressive Conservative.
  1. ^ At the time known as the Groupe parlementaire québécois

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