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Canadian federal election, 2015

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Canadian federal election, 2015
2011 ←
October 19, 2015 (2015-10-19) → 43rd

338 seats in the House of Commons of Canada
170 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
  Stephen-Harper-Cropped-2014-02-18.jpg Mulcair-Ottawa-2015 crop.jpg Justin Trudeau 2014-1.jpg
Leader Stephen Harper Tom Mulcair Justin Trudeau
Party Conservative New Democratic Liberal
Leader since March 20, 2004 March 24, 2012 April 14, 2013
Leader's seat Calgary Southwest
running in Calgary Heritage
Outremont Papineau
Last election 166 seats, 39.62% 103 seats, 30.63% 34 seats, 18.91%
Current seats 159 95 36
Seats needed Increase11 Increase75 Increase134

  Gilles Duceppe2.jpg Emay photo.jpg
Leader Gilles Duceppe Elizabeth May Jean-François Fortin
Party Bloc Québécois Green Strength in Democracy
Leader since June 10, 2015 August 27, 2006 October 21, 2014
Leader's seat Running in Laurier—Sainte-Marie Saanich—Gulf Islands Haute-Gaspésie—La Mitis—Matane—Matapédia
running in Avignon—La Mitis—Matane—Matapédia
Last election 4 seats, 6.04% 1 seat, 3.91% pre-creation
Current seats 2 2 2
Seats needed Unable Increase168 Unable

Incumbent Prime Minister

Stephen Harper

The 2015 Canadian federal election (formally the 42nd Canadian general election) will be held on October 19, 2015 to elect members to the House of Commons of Canada.


The 2011 federal election resulted in the continuation of the incumbent Conservative government, headed by Stephen Harper while the New Democratic Party (NDP) became Official Opposition and the Liberal Party became the third party. The Bloc Quebecois won four seats and the Green Party won one seat. Liberal leader Michael Ignatieff and Bloc leader Gilles Duceppe resigned shortly after failing to win their own ridings. Bob Rae was chosen as interim leader of the Liberal Party. In July 2011, Jack Layton temporarily stepped down as leader of the NDP, because of cancer, indicating his intention to return to the job for the reconvening of Parliament in September. Weeks later Jack Layton died of cancer and was given a state funeral. In March 2012, Tom Mulcair was elected leader of the New Democratic Party. In April 2013 Justin Trudeau was elected leader of the Liberal Party. Bloc Québécois leader Daniel Paillé stepped down in December 2013 and was eventually replaced in June 2014 by Mario Beaulieu, who in turn was later replaced in June 2015[1] by Duceppe. In late 2014, MPs Jean-François Larose of the NDP and Jean-François Fortin of the Bloc formed the new political party Strength in Democracy.

As set forth in the Fair Representation Act,[2] the number of seats in the House of Commons to be contested in the 42nd Canadian federal election will be 338, an increase of thirty seats from the 308 seats comprising the House of Commons of Canada of the 41st Parliament of Canada, at its dissolution.[3]

Prime Minister Stephen Harper requested writs of election for a federal general election from Governor General David Johnston on August 2. The official proclamations were issued on August 4.[4] The date of the vote is determined by the fixed-date Canada Elections Act.[5] At eleven weeks, the campaign will be the longest in modern Canadian history.[6]

As a result of the 2012 federal electoral redistribution, the number of electoral districts was increased to 338, with additional seats based on population assigned to Alberta (6), British Columbia (6), Ontario (15), and Quebec (3).


The major parties that have nominated candidates for election to the 42nd Parliament of Canada are:

Political party Leader Political spectrum Ideology Articles on parties' candidates for the 42nd election'
Conservative Party of Canada Stephen Harper Centre-right Conservatism, Economic liberalism Conservative Party of Canada candidates, 2015 Canadian federal election
New Democratic Party Thomas Mulcair Centre-left Social democracy New Democratic Party candidates, 2015 Canadian federal election
Liberal Party of Canada Justin Trudeau Centre-left to Centre Liberalism Liberal Party of Canada candidates, 2015 Canadian federal election
Bloc Québécois Gilles Duceppe Centre-left Quebec nationalism, Quebec sovereigntism, Social democracy Bloc Québécois candidates, 2015 Canadian federal election
Green Party of Canada Elizabeth May Centre Green politics Green Party of Canada candidates, 2015 Canadian federal election
Strength in Democracy Jean-François Fortin Centre Regionalism, Quebec nationalism, Participatory democracy Strength in Democracy candidates, 2015 Canadian federal election

Campaign slogans[edit]

Party English French
Conservative Party "Proven leadership for a strong Canada."[7]
"Safer Canada/Stronger Economy"[8]
« Un leadership qui a fait ses preuves pour une économie plus forte »
New Democratic Party "Ready for Change."[9] « Ensemble pour le changement »
Liberal Party "Real Change."[10] « Changer ensemble »
Bloc Québécois « Des gains pour le Québec »[11]("Gains for Quebec"[A])
« On a tout à gagner » ("We have everything to win"[A])
Green Party "A Canada That Works. Together."[12] « Prendre l'avenir en main »
Strength in Democracy "Empowering our regions, uniting our strengths."[13] « Allier les forces de nos régions »

A Unofficial translation.

Opinion polls[edit]

Opinion Polling during the 2015 Canadian Federal Election.svg

Evolution of voting intentions during the campaign leading up to the 2015 Canadian federal election to be held on October 19, 2015. Points represent results of individual polls.


  • 7 August 2015: Hochelaga Conservative candidate Augustin Ali Kitoko was removed as a candidate after sharing a Facebook photo album from New Democrat leader Thomas Mulcair.[14]
  • 10 August 2015: Kings—Hants New Democratic candidate Morgan Wheeldon resigned his candidacy after a Facebook comment surfaced where he is accused of saying Israel intended to "ethnically cleanse the region."[15]
  • 18 August 2015: Calgary Nose Hill Liberal candidate Ala Buzreba stepped down as candidate after offensive Twitter tweets from several years ago were uncovered, including "Go blow your brains out you waste of sperm" and "Your mother should have used that coat hanger."[16]
  • 21 August 2015: Rosemont—La Petite-Patrie Conservative candidate Gilles Guibord was no longer a candidate after a number of online comments on Le Journal de Montréal were uncovered, including blaming First Nations for not integrating into European culture, claiming the French, not the Mohawks, have ancestral rights to Quebec, and speaking about man's "authority over women."[17]
  • 24 August 2015: Ahuntsic-Cartierville Conservative candidate Wiliam Moughrabi deleted his Facebook account after violent and sexist posts were discovered.[18]
  • 25 August 2015: Joliette Conservative candidate Soheil Eid apologized after comparing New Democrat leader Thomas Mulcair's statements regarding the Energy East pipeline project to Nazi propagandist Joseph Goebbels by quoting "Mentez mentez, il en restera toujours quelque chose" ("Lie lie and something will always remain").[19]
  • Late August 2015: Mégantic—L'Érable Bloc Québécois candidate Virginie Provost was embarrassed after a survey asking what she would need in the event of a nuclear attack was revealed. Her answer was that she would bring "her cellphone, a penis and chips."[14]
  • 6 September 2015: Scarborough—Rouge Park Conservative candidate Jerry Bance was dropped from the party after a video from CBC's Marketplace surfaced showing an appliance repairman named Jerry urinating into a mug in a client's kitchen. It was later discovered that it was Jerry Bance.[20] It became a popular meme on Twitter as #peegate[21]
  • 7 September 2015: Toronto—Danforth Conservative candidate Tim Dutaud was forced to resign his candidacy after it was discovered he was YouTube user UniCaller, who has uploaded videos of himself pretending to orgasm while on the phone with female customer service representatives, and mocking people with mental disabilities.[22]
  • 8 September 2015: Bay of Quinte Conservative Electoral District Association board member Sue MacDonell was fired after she posted on Facebook that Cree woman and newly crowned Mrs. Universe Ashley Callingbull-Burnham was a "monster" and a "smug entitled Liberal pet."[14]
  • 8 September 2015: Shawn Dearn, New Democrat leader Thomas Mulcair's director of communications apologized after tweets came to light criticizing the Catholic church, including stating that the "misogynist, homophobic, child-molesting Catholic church" is no moral authority, and used an expletive to refer to Pope Francis after the pope denounced Britain's gay equality rights.[23]
  • 10 September 2015: South Surrey—White Rock Liberal candidate Joy Davies resigned her candidacy after Facebook comments surfaced where she suggested that marijuana reduced family violence, that growing marijuana in a home poses no harm to children, and that the Canadian Cancer Society was "another outlet for big pharma."[24]
  • 10 September 2015: Peace River—Westlock Liberal candidate Chris Brown apologized for offensive tweets he made in December 2009, during a bout of alcoholism after the death of his wife.[25]
  • 15 September 2015: Bonavista—Burin—Trinity Conservative candidate Blair Dale was removed from his candidacy after racist and sexist online comments surfaced, including saying that abortion should not be an option for "irresponsible" people.[26]
  • 16 September 2015: Sturgeon River—Parkland Liberal candidate Chris Austin had his candidacy removed due to views that "are irreconcilable with the values" of the Liberals, including saying Stephen Harper "has turned our Nation's Capital into a War Zone as his thirst for War" in the aftermath of the Parliament Hill shootings, and suggesting that the RCMP are the "Canadian Gestapo"[27]
  • 19 September 2015: Ville-Marie—Le Sud-Ouest—Île-des-Sœurs Bloc Québécois candidate Chantal St-Onge apologized after sharing an anti-Islam Pegida post on Facebook.[14]
  • 22 September 2015: Hamilton West—Ancaster—Dundas New Democrat candidate Alex Johnstone apologized for Facebook comments from seven years ago, where she commented on photos of the Auschwitz concentration camp with "Ahhh, the infamous Pollish [sic], phallic, hydro posts." She claimed to not know that the picture was of the infamous concentration camp.[28]
  • 24 September 2015: Charleswood—St. James—Assiniboia—Headingley New Democrat candidate Stefan Johansson was asked to step down as candidate after social media posts from three years ago emerged where he compared the Haredim sect of Judaism to the Taliban and other extremists.[29]
  • 28 September 2015: Cowichan—Malahat—Langford Liberal candidate Maria Manna resigned her candidacy after Facebook comments surfaced questioning the events of the September 11 attacks.[30]
  • 30 September 2015: Victoria Liberal candidate Cheryl Thomas resigns after past social media posts came to light, including referring to mosques as "brainwashing stations" and saying "the oppressed of the Warsaw ghettos and the concentration camps have become the oppressors." As the candidate deadline (28 September) has passed, her name will remain on the ballot.[31]
  • 1 October 2015: Sackville—Preston—Chezzetcook Conservative candidate Robert Strickland was lambasted after Facebook remarks made by Strickland (or a staffer) told a young voter to "gain some experience in life" before engaging in political discussions.[32]
  • 1 October 2015: St. Catharines Conservative incumbent Rick Dykstra was alleged to have purchased six Cîroc vodka bottles for underage girls at a local nightclub and then had his campaign offer bribes in exchange for their silence, a charge Dykstra denies.[33]
  • 6 October 2015: Mississauga—Malton Conservative candidate Jagdish Grewal was dropped from the party after an editoral by Grewal was printed in the Punjabi Post titled "Is it wrong for a homosexual to become a normal person?" in which he defended gay-conversion therapy to return gay youths to their "normal" heterosexuality. His name will remain on the ballot.[34]

Election spending[edit]

Before the campaign, there were no limits to what a political party, candidate, or third party (corporations, unions, special interest groups, etc.) can spend — spending rules are only in force after the writs have been dropped and the campaign has begun. Because the election period is set longer than the standard 37-day election period, spending limits are increased in proportion to the length of the period.[35]

Spending limits for the 2015 federal election

2015 Spending Limit[36] 2011 Spending Limit Notes
Political Parties $54,475,840[37] $21,025,793 If full slate of candidates.
Party Candidates (electoral district average) $73,611,590[38] ($217,786) $28,244,499 ($91,703) If full slate of candidates. Each electoral district is subject to specific spending limits according to population and density.[39] In 2011, the limits for candidates varied from $69,635 in the electoral district of Malpeque, Prince Edward Island, to $134,352 in Oak Ridges–Markham, Ontario.[40]
Total Limit per Party $128,087,430 $49,270,292 If full slate of candidates.
Third Parties (corporations, unions, special interest groups, etc.) $439,411 [41] $150,000 Election advertising expenses limit. Of that amount, no more than $8,788 can be incurred to promote or oppose the election of one or more candidates in a particular electoral district.[41]

Election spending during the 2015 federal election

Party Total Spending (% of limit) Party Spending (% of limit) Total Candidate Spending (% of limit) # Candidates Spending > 75% of Candidate Limit # Candidates Spending > 50% of Candidate Limit
Conservative $ $ (%) $ (%)
NDP $ $ (%) $ (%)
Liberal $ $ (%) $ (%)

Election spending during the 2011 federal election[42]

Party Total Spending (% of limit) Party Spending (% of limit) Total Candidate Spending (% of limit) # Candidates Spending > 75% of Candidate Limit # Candidates Spending > 50% of Candidate Limit
Conservative $39,175,131 (80%) $19,519,995 (93%) $19,655,136 (70%) 173 228
NDP $27,490,193 (56%) $20,372,231 (97%) $7,117,962 (25%) 44 70
Liberal $34,025,109 (69%) $19,507,746 (93%) $14,517,363 (41%) 91 169

Reimbursements for political parties and candidates

Political parties receive a reimbursement for 50 per cent of their election expenses during the writ period. Similarly, electoral district associations receive a reimbursement of 60 per cent of their election expenses during the writ period. Both reimbursements are publicly funded.[40]


Elections Canada reports that during the financial quarter preceding the writ period, the Conservatives received $7.4 million in contributions, the NDP received $4.5 million, and the Liberals received $4.0 million.[43] The NDP had the most individual donors at 48,314, followed by the Conservatives at 45,532 and then the Liberals at 32,789.[43][44]

The New Democratic Party stated that it collected greater than $9 million in the third quarter of 2015, the most it ever received from donors, and greater than the quarterly record established by the Conservative Party in 2011.[45]

At the riding level, financial reports in each of the 338 constituencies showed that in Conservative electoral district associations ended 2014 with net assets totalling more than $19 million, Liberal riding associations reported a total of about $8 million in net assets, and NDP associations more than $4.4 million.[46]

Individuals are able to give up to $1,500 to each political party and an additional $1,500 to all the registered associations, nomination contestants and candidates of each registered party combined.[47]

Registered third parties

A person or group must register as a third party immediately after incurring election advertising expenses totalling $500 or more.[48] There are strict limits on advertising expenses, and specific limits that can be incurred to promote or oppose the election of one or more candidates in a particular electoral district. There are 11 registered third parties in the 2015 election.

Leaders' debates[edit]

Traditionally, party leaders participated in at least two nationally-televised debates during the federal election - at least one each in English and French. These debates were produced by a consortium of Canada's major television networks.[49] In May 2015, the Conservatives said they would not participate in the consortium debates and instead would take part in as many as five independently staged debates in the run-up to the fall federal election.[49] Ultimately, the Conservatives agreed to participate in a French-language debate organized by the consortium of broadcasters as one of their five debates.[50] The New Democratic Party confirmed that Tom Mulcair would accept every debate where the Prime Minister was present. The NDP had previously confirmed their intention to participate in both of the consortium debates before Stephen Harper withdrew[51][52] but ultimately only participated in the French language consortium debate which included the Conservatives.[50] Liberal leader Justin Trudeau attended the Maclean's, Globe and Mail, and French consortium debates; and the Liberals confirmed he would attend the other debates.[52][53][54][55][56] The Bloc Québécois attended the French language consortium debate and confirmed their attendance at the French-language TVA debate. The Green Party attended the Maclean's and French language consortium debates, and confirmed their intention to participate in the English language consortium debate.[52][55][57][58] Strength in Democracy, which has the same number of seats in the House of Commons as the Greens and Bloc Québécois, were not invited to participate in any of the televised debates. The leaders of the party objected to their exclusion and launched a petition demanding that all parties represented in Parliament be invited to the debates.[59] Other minor parties without representation in the House of Commons were not invited to participate in any of the televised debates.

Completed televised debates:

Subject Participants Date Organizer Location Notes
General Conservatives; NDP; Liberals; Greens August 6[60] Rogers Media,[61]
(Maclean's, City)
Toronto English language debate hosted by Maclean's magazine, moderated by political columnist Paul Wells. The debate included live translations into French, Italian, Mandarin, Cantonese and Punjabi. Aired live on City stations (English), CPAC (French), and Omni Television stations (all other languages); streamed live at the Maclean's website and all networks' websites, Facebook, and YouTube; and on Rogers Media news radio stations.[62]
Economy Conservatives; Liberals;[53][56] NDP[50] September 17[56] The Globe and Mail and Google Canada[63] Calgary English language debate on the Canadian economy hosted by The Globe and Mail, moderated by editor-in-chief David Walmsley The first half of the 90-minute debate covered five central themes on the economy: jobs, energy and the environment, infrastructure, housing and taxation. The second half consisted of follow-up questions and questions sent in by voters. Aired live nationwide on CPAC in both official languages with an additional English feed in Ontario on CHCH,[64] streamed live on The Globe and Mail’s website, and distributed on YouTube. Uninvited Green Party leader Elizabeth May answered questions on Twitter live during the debate at an event in Victoria, British Columbia.[65]
General Conservatives; NDP; Liberals; Greens; Bloc Québécois[50] September 24[50] Consortium (CBC/Radio-Canada, CTV, Global, Télé-Québec) and La Presse Montreal French language debate organized by the consortium of broadcasters and the Montreal newspaper La Presse, moderated by Ici RDI journalist Anne-Marie Dussault.[50][52][66] The debate included live translation into English. Aired live in French on Ici Radio-Canada Télé and Télé-Québec stations, and participant networks' websites; and in English on CBC News Network, CTV News Channel, and participant networks' websites.[58]
Foreign Policy Conservatives; NDP; Liberals[50] September 28[50] Aurea Foundation[67] and Facebook Canada[68] Toronto Bilingual[50] debate on Canada's foreign policy hosted as part of the foundation's regular Munk Debates,[54] moderated by Rudyard Griffiths.[69] The debate consisted of six 12-minute segments, with two leaders debating for the first seven minutes and the third leader brought in to the debate for the final five.[69] Aired on CPAC in both official languages with an additional English feed in Ontario on CHCH, [70] streamed live on the Munk Debates website, and distributed on Facebook.[68]
General Conservatives; NDP; Liberals; Bloc Québécois;[71] October 2[71] Quebecor Media (TVA) Montreal French language debate organized by private broadcaster TVA, moderated by TVA Nouvelles anchor Pierre Bruneau. The debate focused on three themes: the economy, national security and Canada’s place in the world, and social policies; the format consisted of six rounds rounds of four-minute debate between two leaders, with an open debate section at the end of each theme.[72] Aired live in French on TVA stations, Le Canal Nouvelles, and streamed on the TVA Nouvelles website;[72] Aired with simultaneous interpretation to English on CPAC.[73]

For a list of all proposed televised debates see 2015 Canadian Leaders' Debates

Leadership elections: 2011–15[edit]

Incumbent MPs who will not run for re-election[edit]

MPs not seeking reelection in 2015
Electoral district Outgoing incumbent 2011 Diss.
Calgary—Nose Hill Diane Ablonczy (2).jpg Diane Ablonczy[74]
Calgary West Rob Anders.jpg Rob Anders[75]
Vegreville—Wainwright Leon Benoit[76]
Edmonton East Peter Goldring[77]
Edmonton Centre Laurie Hawn cropped.jpg Laurie Hawn[78]
Medicine Hat LaVar Payne[79]
Edmonton—Leduc James Rajotte 2015.jpg James Rajotte[80]
Westlock—St. Paul Brian Storseth[81]
British Columbia
Electoral district Outgoing incumbent 2011 Diss.
Cariboo—Prince George Dick Harris[82]
South Surrey—White Rock—Cloverdale Russ Hiebert.jpg Russ Hiebert[83]
Pitt Meadows—Maple Ridge—Mission Randy Kamp, Torch Relay (2).jpg Randy Kamp[84]
Okanagan—Shuswap Colin Mayes[85]
Port Moody—Westwood—Port Coquitlam James Moore 2014.jpg James Moore[86]
British Columbia Southern Interior Alex Atamanenko.jpg Alex Atamanenko[87]
Nanaimo—Cowichan Jean Crowder[88]
Vancouver East Libby Davies.jpg Libby Davies[89]
Nanaimo—Alberni James Lunney[90]
Electoral district Outgoing incumbent 2011 Diss.
Winnipeg South Rod Bruinooge[91]
Saint Boniface Shelly Glover 2014.jpg Shelly Glover[92]
Kildonan—St. Paul Joys cc.jpg Joy Smith[93]
New Brunswick
Electoral district Outgoing incumbent 2011 Diss.
Tobique—Mactaquac Mike Allen[94]
Acadie—Bathurst Yvon Godin 2014-05-05.jpg Yvon Godin[95]
Newfoundland and Labrador
Electoral district Outgoing incumbent 2011 Diss.
Humber—St. Barbe—Baie Verte Gerry Byrne - Canadian MP.jpg Gerry Byrne[96]
Nova Scotia
Electoral district Outgoing incumbent 2011 Diss.
South Shore—St. Margaret's Geraldkeddy.jpg Gerald Keddy[97]
West Nova Greg Kerr[98]
Central Nova Peter MacKay 2014.jpg Peter MacKay[99]
Electoral district Outgoing incumbent 2011 Diss.
Sarnia—Lambton Patricia Davidson[100]
Haliburton—Kawartha Lakes—Brock Barry Devolin[101]
Northumberland—Quinte West Rick Norlock[102]
Carleton—Mississippi Mills Gordon O'Connor with Robert Gates, Jan 23, 2007, cropped.jpg Gordon O'Connor[103]
Elgin—Middlesex—London Joe Preston[104]
Perth—Wellington Gary Schellenberger[105]
Hamilton Mountain Chris Charlton.jpg Chris Charlton[106]
Windsor—Tecumseh Joe Comartin.jpg Joe Comartin[107]
Mississauga—Brampton South Eve Adams[108]
Kingston and the Islands Ted Hsu.jpg Ted Hsu[109]
Guelph Frank Valeriote.jpg Frank Valeriote[110]
Electoral district Outgoing incumbent 2011 Diss.
Mégantic—L'Érable Christian Paradis[92]
Jeanne-Le Ber Tyrone Benskin[111]
Saint-Jean Tarik Brahmi[112]
Shefford Réjean Genest[113]
Brome—Missisquoi Pierre Jacob[114]
Louis-Saint-Laurent Alexandrine Latendresse 2011-03-31.jpg Alexandrine Latendresse[115]
Laurentides—Labelle Marc-André Morin[116]
Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot Marie-Claude Morin[117]
Joliette Francine Raynault[118]
Mount Royal Irwin Cotler.jpg Irwin Cotler[119]
Saint-Maurice—Champlain Lise St-Denis[94]
Jonquière—Alma Claude Patry[120]
Richmond—Arthabaska André Bellavance[121]
Verchères—Les Patriotes SanahassainiaHR.JPG Sana Hassainia[122]
Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel Massimo Pacetti[123]
Electoral district Outgoing incumbent 2011 Diss.
Palliser Ray Boughen[124]
Yorkton—Melville Garry Breitkreuz[125]
Souris—Moose Mountain Ed Komarnicki[126]
Saskatoon—Wanuskewin Maurice Vellacott[127]
Blackstrap Lynne Yelich at NATO Summit Wales crop.jpg Lynne Yelich[128]

Results 2011[edit]

e • d Summary of the 2015 Canadian federal election
Party Party leader Candidates Seats Popular vote
2011 Dissol. Redist.[note 1] 2015  % Change  % seats # # Change  % pp Change
Conservative Stephen Harper 338
[note 2]
166 159 188 Pending
New Democratic Tom Mulcair 338 103 95 109 Pending
Liberal Justin Trudeau 338
[note 3]
34 36 36 Pending
Bloc Québécois Gilles Duceppe 78 4 2 4 Pending
Green Elizabeth May 336 1 2 1 Pending
Strength in Democracy Jean-François Fortin 17 N/A 2 N/A Pending
  n/a Independent 74 0 8 0 Pending
Libertarian Tim Moen 72 0 0 0 Pending
Marxist–Leninist Anna Di Carlo 70 0 0 0 Pending
Christian Heritage Rod Taylor 30 0 0 0 Pending
Rhinoceros Sébastien Corriveau 27 0 0 0 Pending
Communist Miguel Figueroa 26 0 0 0 Pending
Animal Alliance Liz White 8 0 0 0 Pending
Marijuana Blair Longley 8 0 0 0 Pending
Progressive Canadian Sinclair Stevens 8 0 0 0 Pending
Pirate Roderick Lim 5 0 0 0 Pending
Democratic Advancement Stephen Garvey 4 N/A 0 N/A Pending
Canadian Action Jeremy Arney 3 0 0 0 Pending
Alliance of the North François Bélanger 1 N/A N/A N/A Pending
The Bridge Party David Berlin 1 N/A 0 N/A Pending
Canada Party Jim Pankiw 1 N/A 0 N/A Pending
PACT Michael Nicula 1 N/A 0 N/A Pending
Seniors Daniel J. Patton 1 N/A N/A N/A Pending
United Bob Kesic 1 0 0 0 Pending
  No Affiliation 6 0 0 0 Pending
  Vacant 0 4 N/A
Total 1,792 308 308 338 338 Pending
Rejected, spoiled, or declined Pending

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The party totals are theoretical. They are the transposition of the 2011 district results redistributed to the new districts formed in 2015.
  2. ^ Conservative candidate total includes Jagdish Grewal (Mississauga–Malton), who has publicly withdrawn from the election after the deadline and remains on the ballot.
  3. ^ Liberal candidate total includes Cheryl Thomas (Victoria), who has publicly withdrawn from the election after the deadline and remains on the ballot.


  1. ^ "DUCEPPE, Gilles". House of Commons of Canada. Retrieved August 8, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Fair Representation Act, S.C. 2011, c. 26". Queen's Printer for Canada. December 16, 2011. Retrieved January 17, 2015. 
  3. ^ "30 more MPs for rebalanced House of Commons". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Amendment to Canada Elections Act". Queen's Printer for Canada. November 6, 2006. Retrieved July 29, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Canada election 2015: Stephen Harper confirms start of 11-week federal campaign". CBC News. August 2, 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  7. ^ Conservative Party of Canada. "I Stand With Stephen Harper". I Stand With Stephen Harper. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Long, but not boring". The Economist. 8 August 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  9. ^ "Canada's NDP". Canada's NDP. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Canada election 2015: Justin Trudeau takes his campaign to Stephen Harper's backyard". August 4, 2015. Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Bloc Quebecois abandons sovereignty slogan". CTV News Montreal. 31 August 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  12. ^ "Green Party of Canada". Retrieved August 5, 2015. 
  13. ^ Strength in Democracy/Forces et Démocratie (26 June 2015). "Strength in Democracy". Retrieved 5 August 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c d The Canadian Press (16 September 2015). "List of candidates, party officials who have made headlines for various gaffes". CBC News. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  15. ^ "Morgan Wheeldon, Kings-Hants NDP candidate, resigns over Israel comments". CBC News. 10 August 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  16. ^ The Canadian Press (18 August 2015). "Liberal Ala Buzreba apologizes, steps down after offensive tweets found". CBC News. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  17. ^ "Gilles Guibord no longer Conservative candidate after internet comments surface". CBC News. 21 August 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  18. ^ Haydn Watters (25 August 2015). "Tory candidate deletes Facebook page after violent and sexist posts come to light". CBC News. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  19. ^ The Canadian Press (26 August 2015). "Quebec Tory candidate apologizes for trying to draw Nazi-NDP parallel". CBC News. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  20. ^ "Jerry Bance, Conservative caught peeing in mug, no longer candidate, party says". CBC News. 6 September 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  21. ^ Haydn Watters (7 September 2015). "'Peegate' memes flood Twitter after Tory candidate caught urinating in mug". CBC News. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  22. ^ "Tim Dutaud 2nd Conservative candidate dropped over embarrassing videos". CBC News. 7 September 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  23. ^ Colin Perkel (8 September 2015). "Senior NDP aide to Tom Mulcair apologized for tweets targeting Catholic Church". CBC News. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  24. ^ "Joy Davies resigns as Liberal candidate over pro-pot Facebook comments". CBC News. 10 September 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  25. ^ Kathleen Harris (10 September 2015). "Liberal candidate Chris Brown apologizes for offensive booze-fuelled tweets". CBC News. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  26. ^ "Conservative candidate Blair Dale dropped after remarks about women, abortion surface". CBC News. 15 September 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  27. ^ "Chris Austin, Liberal candidate, pulled for views 'irreconcilable' with party values". CBC News. 16 September 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  28. ^ The Canadian Press (23 September 2015). "NDP candidate Alex Johnstone 'didn't know what Auschwitz was'". CBC News. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  29. ^ Steve Lambert (24 September 2015). "Winnipeg NDP candidate quits over social media posts linking Jewish sect to Taliban". CBC News. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  30. ^ Kathleen Harris (25 September 2015). "Liberal candidate says Facebook posts questioning 9/11 were her 'truth' at the time". CBC News. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  31. ^ "Liberal candidate Cheryl Thomas resigns over Facebook comments". CBC News. 30 September 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  32. ^ Richard Woodbury (1 October 2015). "Robert Strickland, Conservative candidate, skewered over Facebook comments". CBC News. Retrieved 1 October 2015. 
  33. ^ The Canadian Press (1 October 2015). "Conservative incumbent Rick Dykstra denies buying vodka for teens at nightclub". CBC News. Retrieved 2 October 2015. 
  34. ^ Jennifer Ditchburn (6 October 2015). "Tories dump candidate who touts therapies to turn gay youth straight". CBC News. Retrieved 6 October 2015. 
  35. ^ "Elections Canada Online - Third Party Election Advertising Expenses Limits". Retrieved August 3, 2015. 
  36. ^ "Elections Canada Online - Expenses Limits". Retrieved August 3, 2015. 
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