Grand Central–42nd Street (IRT Lines)

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 Grand Central–42 Street
 "4" train"5" train"6" train "6" express train"7" train "7" express train​​ 42nd Street Shuttle
New York City Subway station complex
Grand Central 4567S vc.jpg
Newer entrance to Grand Central–42nd Street at Lexington Avenue
Station statistics
Address East 42nd Street & Park Avenue
New York, NY 10017
Borough Manhattan
Locale Midtown Manhattan
Coordinates 40°45′8.22″N 73°58′39.07″W / 40.7522833°N 73.9775194°W / 40.7522833; -73.9775194Coordinates: 40°45′8.22″N 73°58′39.07″W / 40.7522833°N 73.9775194°W / 40.7522833; -73.9775194
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT 42nd Street Shuttle
      IRT Flushing Line
      IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Services       4 all times (all times)
      5 all times except late nights (all times except late nights)
      6 all times (all times) <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction)​
      7 all times (all times) <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction)​​
      S all except late nights (all except late nights)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: M1, M2, M3, M4, M42, M101, M102, M103, Q32, X2, X5, X10, X12, X14, X22, X22A, X27, X28, X31, X37, X42, X63, X64, X68
Bus transport MTA Bus: BxM1, QM21
Railway transportation Metro-North Railroad: Harlem, Hudson, and New Haven Lines (at Grand Central Terminal)
Structure Underground
Levels 3
Other information
Opened June 22, 1915; 103 years ago (1915-06-22)[1]
Station code 610[2]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible (all lines except 42nd Street Shuttle; shuttle isn't accessible from its Times Square platform)
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3][4]
Traffic
Passengers (2017) 44,928,488 (station complex)[5]Decrease 2.6%
Rank 2 out of 425

Grand Central–42nd Street is a major station complex of the New York City Subway. Located in Midtown Manhattan at the intersection of Park Avenue and 42nd Street, with parts of the station extending east to Lexington Avenue, it is the second busiest station in the 424-station system, with 46,121,509 passengers in 2016; only the Times Square station complex has more riders.[5] It serves trains on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, the IRT Flushing Line and the 42nd Street Shuttle, making it an all-IRT transfer point. The stations of the complex lie next to and beneath Grand Central Terminal, which serves all Metro-North Railroad lines east of the Hudson River.

The complex is signed as 42nd Street–Grand Central and is served by the:

  • 4, 6, and 7 trains at all times
  • 5 train at all times except late nights
  • 42nd Street Shuttle (S) from 6 AM to midnight daily
  • <6> train during weekdays in the peak direction
  • <7> train during rush hours and early evenings in the peak direction

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
B1 Mezzanine, shuttle platforms To entrances/exits, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
Track 4 42nd Street Shuttle toward Times Square–42nd Street all except nights (Terminus)
Island platform, doors will open on the right for track 4 only
Track 3 42nd Street Shuttle toward Times Square–42nd Street all except nights (Terminus)
Island platform, doors will open on the left for track 1, right for track 3
Track 1 42nd Street Shuttle toward Times Square–42nd Street all except nights (Terminus)
B2 Northbound local "6" train "6" express train toward Pelham Bay Park ("6" train toward Parkchester rush hours and middays) (51st Street)
"4" train toward Woodlawn late nights (51st Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left for local trains, right for express trains Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound express "4" train toward Woodlawn (59th Street)
"5" train toward Dyre Avenue except nights, or Nereid Avenue rush hours (59th Street)
Southbound express "4" train toward Utica Avenue (14th Street–Union Square)
"5" train toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College weekdays, Bowling Green weekends (14th Street–Union Square)
Island platform, doors will open on the left for local trains, right for express trains Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound local "6" train "6" express train toward Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall (33rd Street)
"4" train toward New Lots Avenue late nights (33rd Street)
B4 Southbound "7" train "7" express train toward Hudson Yards (Fifth Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound "7" train "7" express train toward Flushing (Vernon Boulevard–Jackson Avenue)


1918 plan

There is a mezzanine above the Lexington Avenue Line's platforms, which have numerous exits to and from Grand Central itself as well as to the streets (see § Exits). Escalators connect this mezzanine to the Flushing Line, although there are also staircases and passageways directly between the Lexington Avenue and Flushing Lines' platforms. The Flushing Line platform also has its own exit at its extreme eastern end, though all other exits are through the Lexington Avenue Line platforms and mezzanine.[6] Outside the Lexington Avenue Line mezzanine's fare control, there are stairs, escalators, and an elevator to Grand Central. An east-west passageway connects the Lexington Avenue Line's mezzanine to the 42nd Street Shuttle, which also has its own dedicated entrance and exit stairs. Except for the 42nd Street Shuttle (which is inaccessible at its other station at Times Square), the whole station is handicapped accessible, as is the connection to Grand Central Terminal.[7]

The station has undergone various recent renovations since the 1980s—when the first major renovation was carried out—but some of the passages still require repair or renovation. At the same time, a project was ongoing to air cool the station in conjunction with Metro-North Railroad's project to cool Grand Central Terminal. However, as of 2006, only the Lexington Avenue Line station is air-cooled. The Lexington Avenue Line station, the 2009 South Ferry station,[8] the 34th Street–Hudson Yards station, and the three constructed stations of the Second Avenue Subway are the only six artificially cooled stations in the New York City Subway.[9][10] The Flushing Line platforms have been equipped with fans, but not an air-cooling system. In 2014, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority installed an online, interactive touchscreen computer program called "On The Go! Travel Station" (OTG) in Grand Central. The self-updating kiosks allow people to route their trips, and check for delays.[11] The MTA set up the map as part of a pilot project that saw the OTGs initially installed in five subway stations. It lists any planned work or service changes occurring on the subway as well as information to help travelers find landmarks or locales near the stations with an OTG outlet, wherein the first station to test this new technology had been Bowling Green.[12][13][14]

Exits[edit]

The station has numerous exits into Grand Central Terminal, to the street level at and directly into several buildings along 42nd Street, including:[6][15]

  • The Chrysler Building through a passage immediately to the left of the customer service booth on the station's mezzanine[6]
  • 125 Park Avenue[6]
  • 110 East 42nd Street through a passage downtown of the main mezzanine through their own fare control[6]
  • The Chanin Building, 122 East 42nd Street, through its own turnstiles directly accessing the escalators to the IRT Flushing Line platform (east of the mezzanine)[6]
  • Grand Hyatt New York, west side of Lexington Avenue north of 42nd Street[6]
  • South side of 42nd Street west of 3rd Avenue[6]
  • numerous others by walking through exits uptown and to the west into Grand Central Terminal[6]

An exit outside of the planned One Vanderbilt is proposed.[16] In October 2016, construction began on the entrance in One Vanderbilt.[17]

Street-level exits include:

  • One stair on either side of 42nd Street between Madison and 5th Avenues[6]
  • One stair/escalator, SW corner of Park Avenue and 42nd Streets[6]

Relative depths[edit]

Canceled Hudson & Manhattan Railroad platform[edit]

The Uptown Hudson Tubes of the Hudson & Manhattan Railroad (now PATH), which had opened in 1908, would have originally terminated at Grand Central rather than at its current terminus at 33rd Street and Sixth Avenue.[18] The H&M platforms would have been directly below the 42nd Street Line's platforms, but above the IRT's Flushing Line platforms. However, by 1909, the IRT had constructed an unauthorized ventilation shaft between the 42nd Street line and the Steinway Tunnel. This would force the H&M to build its station at a very low depth, thus making it harder for any passengers to access the H&M station.[19] As an alternative, it was proposed to connect the Uptown Tubes to the Steinway Tunnel.[20]

A franchise to extend the Uptown Tubes to Grand Central was awarded in June 1909, with the expectation that construction could start within six months and that the new extension would be ready by January 1911.[21] However, by 1914, the H&M had not started construction of the Grand Central extension yet, and it wished to delay the start of construction further.[22] By 1920, the H&M had submitted seventeen applications in which they sought to delay construction of the extensions; in all seventeen instances, the H&M had claimed that it was not an appropriate time to construct the tube.[23] This time, however, the Rapid Transit Commissioners declined this request for a delay, effectively ending the H&M's right to build an extension to Grand Central.[24]

Planned improvements[edit]

As part of the construction of One Vanderbilt at the corner of Vanderbilt Avenue and 42nd Street, developer SL Green Realty is making several upgrades to the station. The improvements include multiple new entrances and exits, to the intersection of Lexington Avenue and 42nd Street as well an underground entrance directly from the building to the 42nd Street Shuttle platforms. Three new staircases from the mezzanine to the southbound Lexington Avenue Line platform, and one new staircase to the northbound platform will be added. The project also involves reconfiguration of columns supporting the nearby Grand Hyatt New York hotel and destruction of 40% of the Hyatt's basement to expand the subway mezzanine, as well as the thinning of columns on platforms and mezzanines to increase space.[25][26] This would directly result in additional capacity for the subway station, with 4,000 to 6,000 more subway passengers per hour being able to use the station.[25] These improvements would cost over $200 million.[27][28][29] The MTA mandated the station improvements in exchange for allowing the tower's construction.[26] In 2015, SL Green gave $220 million toward the building's construction, of which two-thirds of the money would be used for station redesign;[30][31] this marked the largest private investment to date to the New York City Subway system.[25] The upgrades are estimated to be completed by 2021.

A new mezzanine built below the existing mezzanine will provide a direct connection from the subway station to the lower level of Grand Central Terminal and the future Long Island Rail Road concourse built as part of the East Side Access project; this will replace the current escalators from the existing mezzanine directly to the Flushing Line platforms, and is estimated to cost $75-150 million.[32]

As part of the construction of the Second Avenue Subway, a transfer might be included between here and the 42nd Street station on that line. This would provide a transfer to the T train, which is proposed to serve Phase 3 of the Second Avenue Subway (which is currently not funded or scheduled). Currently, the transfer is under evaluation.[33][34] The 900-foot long[35] transfer passageway would run under 42nd Street between Second Avenue and Third Avenue, connecting to the IRT Flushing Line platform. Up to four properties might need to be required for the necessary ancillaries and emergency exits to built.[36] The passageway would run under the northern side of 42nd Street, and the exit at the eastern end would be on the northwestern corner of that street and Second Avenue.[37] Under a plan for the line in the 1990s, a spur to Grand Central Terminal was considered, which would have turned off Second Avenue at 44th Street as a way to divert riders from the 4 and ​5 routes, which run express on the Lexington Avenue Line. Service on this spur could not be as frequent as that on Lexington Avenue as there would not be enough capacity on Second Avenue, and as a result this plan was dropped.[38]

IRT 42nd Street Shuttle platforms[edit]

 Grand Central
 42nd Street Shuttle
New York City Subway station
NYCSub 7 Grand Central shuttle.jpg
The shuttle leaves Track 4 bound for Times Square
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT 42nd Street Shuttle
Services       S all except late nights (all except late nights)
Platforms 2 island platforms
Tracks 3
Other information
Opened October 27, 1904; 113 years ago (1904-10-27)[39]
Rebuilt 1964; 54 years ago (1964) (after fire)[40]
Station code 469[2]
Accessible The mezzanine is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, but the platforms are not compliant ADA-accessible to mezzanine only; platforms are not ADA-accessible
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Former/other names 42nd Street–Grand Central
Station succession
Next north Times Square: S all except late nights
Next south (Terminal): S all except late nights
33rd Street: no regular service
Track layout
End of former track 2

The Grand Central shuttle platforms date from the original IRT subway, opened in 1904. The station was a four-track express stop with two island platforms between the local and express tracks.[39]

The present configuration of the shuttle has three tracks coming into the station; the old southbound express track was removed. There is no connection between the northbound local track (track 4) and the other two. Island platforms are located between both pairs of tracks; the southernmost platform is wide, covering the area where the southbound express track (track 2) had been located. The two platforms connect directly, as tracks 3 and 4 terminate at bumper blocks. The south track (track 1) merges with the southbound local track of the Lexington Avenue Line. This merge is used to supply rolling stock to tracks 1 & 3 of the shuttle train (via a manual switch just west of station to track 3), and occasionally during special railfan excursions. The other three original tracks followed similar paths until the Lexington Avenue Line was extended north, turning this part of the line into a shuttle.[41]

In 1913, as part of the Dual Contracts, the New York City Public Service Commission planned to split the original IRT system into three segments: two north-south lines, carrying through trains over the Lexington Avenue and Broadway–Seventh Avenue Lines, and a west-east shuttle under 42nd Street. This would form a roughly "H"-shaped system. A new platform for the shuttle would be built close to the current Lexington Avenue Line station.[42] Since there was 400 feet between the eastern end of the original line's station and the new Lexington Avenue Line station, a new shuttle station was to be built near the Lexington Avenue Line station. The construction of the narrow island platform station required building two new trackways extending east under 42nd Street. Although the platform was constructed, it was never used.[43] On August 1, 1918, the Dual Contracts' "H system" was put into service. The station was not ready in time, and therefore wooden flooring was temporarily laid over sections of the trackways at Times Square and Grand Central.[44] The shuttle was heavily used, and the crowding conditions were so bad that the shuttle was ordered closed the next day.[45]

The shuttle reopened September 27, 1918.[46] Track 2 at the Grand Central station was covered over by a wooden platform.[47] A New York Times columnist later said that former southbound express track 2 was still usable for the first few hours of the shuttle's operation, but the wooden platform was placed over that track later the same day to allow shuttles to use former northbound express track 3, due to high demand for the shuttles on the former local tracks, numbered 1 and 4.[48]

On February 12, 1946 work began to double the width of the passageway connecting the shuttle platforms and the main mezzanine over the Lexington Avenue Line platforms. As part of the work the wooden passenger walkway, which had an average width of 15 feet (4.6 m) was replaced by a 37 feet (11 m) wide passageway with concrete flooring. This walkway had been "temporary" when it was put into place in August 1918. The new 350 feet (110 m)-long passageway covered most of the trackways used by downtown trains of the Original Subway prior to 1918. The iron railings along the planked walkway were removed. The project cost $45,800 and was intended to ease congestion. As part of the project, the upper passageway was moved to within fare control to allow passengers to go between the subway mezzanine and the entrance to Grand Central Terminal at the shuttle without paying a fare. This was accomplished by moving the turnstles at the eastern end of the passageway.[49] In March, members of the Metallic Lathers Union Local 46 sought to halt construction on the project, which was 80 percent complete, as the union objected to having the work done by city employees who made less than union workers.[50] The rebuilt passageway opened on March 18, 1946.[51] Track 2 between this station and Times Square–42nd Street was removed in 1975.[43]

This section of the complex is frequently used for movie shooting when it is closed. Notable scenes include a famous scene in the 1971 film The French Connection, an episode of Fringe, an episode of Person of Interest, and an episode of 30 Rock (filling in for Rockefeller Center Station).

Accessibility status[edit]

The Grand Central shuttle platforms are actually wheelchair accessible as the mezzanine elevators are on the same level, but due to the platforms at Times Square being inaccessible, the 42nd Street Shuttle itself is not accessible. As part of the 2015–2019 MTA Capital Program, the 42nd Street Shuttle will become ADA accessible, and the shuttle will be reconfigured from three tracks to two tracks, and the trains will become six cars long. The whole project will cost $235.41 million.[52] The cost of this part of the project is $30 million.[53][25][54] The project is delayed,[55] and construction will start in June 2018.[56]

Image gallery[edit]

IRT Lexington Avenue Line platforms[edit]

 Grand Central–42 Street
 "4" train"5" train"6" train "6" express train
New York City Subway station
Grand Central - 42nd Street - Downtown Platform.jpg
"5" train train departing
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Services       4 all times (all times)
      5 all times except late nights (all times except late nights)
      6 all times (all times) <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction)
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened July 17, 1918; 100 years ago (1918-07-17)[57]
Station code 402[2]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible (transfer to 42nd Street Shuttle not accessible)
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Former/other names 42nd Street–Grand Central
Diagonal Station
Station succession
Next north 59th Street (express): 4 all except late nights5 all except late nights
51st Street (local): 4 late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
Next south 33rd Street (local): 4 late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
14th Street–Union Square (express): 4 all except late nights5 all except late nights


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north 125th Street (express): 4 all except late nights5 all except late nights
51st Street (local): 4 late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 south 28th Street (local): ZZZtemporarily closed for construction
23rd Street (local): 4 late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall (express): 4 all except late nights5 all except late nights
Track layout
Express tracks descend
to lower level
Upper level, existing track
Upper level, former track
Lower level, existing track

Grand Central–42nd Street is an express station on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line. It was also known as the Diagonal Station at time of construction, being oriented 45° from the street grid.[58] It has two island platforms, four tracks, and includes a crossover and a crossunder. The columns and beams here are massive, in order to support part of Grand Central Terminal and the office towers next to it.

On one wall, there is a stylized steam locomotive mosaic. The northbound platform's side wall includes tile depicting a big passageway; the first room, as seen from the platform, has doors to a second room which appears to be a mechanical room. There is a correctly oriented compass rose inlaid on the floor of the mezzanine.

The southbound local track south of the station merges into the original downtown local track from the 42nd Street Shuttle. The track was part of the original four-track IRT subway. This track is now used for moving trains to and from the shuttle and for launching railfan trips from the shuttle tracks. This was the only track that is preserved.

Just south of the station, the tracks split, with two on each side of the 1870 New York and Harlem Railroad Murray Hill Tunnel which is now used for automobile traffic on Park Avenue.

The Grand Central complex is home to the master tower which controls the entire Lexington Avenue Line, located south of the Lexington Avenue Line platforms.

The uptown tracks are about ten feet below the original grade at the point where they turn off. The old uptown express and local trackways that used to lead to the 42nd Street Shuttle are visible from the uptown local track. As the alignment of the original trackways curves into the old Grand Central station on the 42nd Street Shuttle, it passes through the rebuilt area for the proposed Grand Central station shuttle platform. From the public passageway, none of the original support columns and roof are visible, since they were removed in exactly this area to open the way for the unused shuttle station. The unused ramps leading from the 42nd Street Shuttle are still in place, just south of this station.

In 1955, the New York City Transit Authority had a scheme to make a lower level to the station, also of four tracks.[59] It would tap into the express tracks beyond the station and be used as an intermediate terminal stop for certain services. There is room between the station and the Flushing Line for such a new level.

Image gallery[edit]

IRT Flushing Line platform[edit]

 Grand Central–42 Street
 "7" train "7" express train
New York City Subway station
Grand Central Flushing vc.jpg
View from the end of the platform, looking west
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Flushing Line
Services       7 all times (all times) <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction)​
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened June 22, 1915; 103 years ago (1915-06-22)[1]
Station code 465[2]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible (transfer to 42nd Street Shuttle not accessible)
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Former/other names 42nd Street–Grand Central
Station succession
Next east Vernon Boulevard–Jackson Avenue: 7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction
Next west Fifth Avenue: 7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 east Court Square: 7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 west Times Square: 7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction
Track layout
Trolley loop
to 5 Av

Grand Central (announced as Grand Central–42nd Street on the R188 cars; signed as 42nd Street–Grand Central) on the Flushing Line has a single island platform and two tracks.

On March 2, 1950, a new type of stainless steel portable newsstand was installed at the Flushing Line platform at Grand Central. The newsstand was owned by the Union News Company.[60]

The platforms at Grand Central and all other stations on the Flushing Line with the exception of Queensboro Plaza were extended in 1955–1956 to accommodate 11-car trains.[61]

There is a large arched ceiling, making the platform similar to some stations in the London Underground, Paris Metro and systems in Eastern Europe (it is also similar to the Roosevelt Island, 168th Street (IRT platforms), and 181st Street stations in other parts of Manhattan). Along the platform are stairs and escalators to other lines and to a mezzanine and passageways under the Grand Central Terminal concourse. Exits and entrances are located at the center, west and east ends of the platform. There is an ADA-accessible elevator toward the west end. A newsstand/snack shop is located on the platform towards the east end.

In 1913, the Public Service Commission planned to connect the Flushing line to the 42nd Street shuttle, just west of the Grand Central station. Some ramp work was built for this purpose, then converted to a passenger walkway that has been in use since 1916.[43] In addition, there are two remaining sections of the old trolley loop that remain intact and are accessible to MTA personnel via the southbound track approximately 200 feet beyond the station.[62] The third is between the tracks and is a pump room. Parts of the loop are being converted into CBTC circuit breaker rooms.[63]

Image gallery[edit]

IRT Third Avenue Line transfers[edit]

For a while, free transfers were provided between the subway station and 42nd Street on the elevated IRT Third Avenue Line. This started on June 14, 1942, the day after the IRT Second Avenue Line, which provided access to Queensboro Plaza and the IRT Flushing Line, was closed. The Third Avenue Line closed on May 12, 1955, rendering the transfer obsolete.[64]

Foiled terrorist attack[edit]

Najibullah Zazi and alleged co-conspirators were arrested in September 2009 as part of an al-Qaeda Islamist plan to engage in suicide bombings on trains in the New York City subway system, including near the Grand Central Station, and the Times Square-42nd Street-Port Authority Bus Terminal subway station during rush hour that month, and Zazi has pleaded guilty.[65][66][67][68]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b New York Times, Steinway Tunnel Will Open Today, June 22, 1915, page 10
  2. ^ a b c d "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  4. ^ Attached PDF to "Governor Cuomo Announces Wireless Service and New "Transit Wireless WiFi" in Queens and Manhattan Subway Stations", governor.ny.gov
  5. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Midtown East/Grand Central" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved July 17, 2015. 
  7. ^ "MTA Guide to Accessible Transit". MTA.info. Retrieved June 1, 2011. 
  8. ^ Jewler, Sam (August 30, 2009). "Does the New York Subway System Really Need to Be This Hot?". New York Magazine. Retrieved May 23, 2014. However, New York’s system now has a few D.C.-style chiller units – some were installed in Grand Central’s 4,5,6 station during the Terminal’s recent restoration, and there are four in the brand new South Ferry station. 
  9. ^ Donohue, Pete (August 4, 2006). "Cooler Subways Coming – Eventually". Daily News. New York. Retrieved February 28, 2010. [permanent dead link]
  10. ^ Roberts, Sam (September 30, 2013). "No Heel Hazards (or Gusts) as Subway Expands". New York Times. New York. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 
  11. ^ Bereznak, Alyssa. "Check Out New York City's First Touchscreen Subway Map". Yahoo! Tech. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  12. ^ "MTA's First "On The Go" Touchscreen Unveiled In Bowling Green". NY1. September 19, 2011. Archived from the original on September 12, 2012. Retrieved October 5, 2011. 
  13. ^ "MTA Introduces New On the Go! Touch-Screen Travel Station". MTA.info. September 19, 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2011. 
  14. ^ Brian Sozzi. "Sozzi: The Boring Old Subway is Now Digital, and That's Pretty Awesome". TheStreet. 
  15. ^ Cox, Jeremiah. "Grand Central-42nd Street". Retrieved October 4, 2013. 
  16. ^ "One Vanderbilt Renderings: Before and After". Second Ave. Sagas. 
  17. ^ Chaban, Matt A. (October 16, 2016). "Future Neighbor Will Tower Over Grand Central, but Allow It to Shine". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 19, 2016. 
  18. ^ "TWO NEW SUBWAYS NOW BEING PLANNED; Interborough and McAdoo Interests Likely to Build East and West Side Systems. COMPLETE UNIFIED SYSTEM Traction Interests Disclaim Anything More Than a Tentative Interest at This Time". The New York Times. February 14, 1909. Retrieved April 24, 2018. 
  19. ^ "INTER-TUNNEL SHAFT IN M'ADOO'S WAY; Connects Subway and Steinway Tunnel Through Third Level Under 42d Street. WHO AUTHORIZED IT THERE? Public Service Board Likely to Ask Questions -- If It Stays, McAdoo People Must Go Lower". The New York Times. March 26, 1909. Retrieved April 24, 2018. 
  20. ^ "MAY CONNECT M'ADOO AND STEINWAY TUBES; Utilities Board Suggests Such a Junction to the Board of Estimate. McADOO FRANCHISE SAFE Commission Says the 42d Street Extension Won't Interfere with Other Subways". The New York Times. 1909-05-06. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-04-24. 
  21. ^ "M'ADOO EXTENSION TO BE READY IN 1911; Head of Hudson & Manhattan Road Promises It After the Board of Estimate Approves. BUSINESS MEN GRATIFIED Mr. McAdoo Also Happy -- He Will Begin at Once to Complete the Jersey-Grand Central Route". The New York Times. 1909-06-05. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-04-24. 
  22. ^ "M'ADOO'S RAILROAD SLOW IN BUILDING; Two Months More Time Given for Extension to Grand Central". The New York Times. 1914-04-09. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-04-25. 
  23. ^ "HUDSON TUBE ASKS DELAY.; Seventeenth Application for More Time to Extend Subway". The New York Times. February 16, 1920. Retrieved April 27, 2018. 
  24. ^ Cudahy, Brian J. (2002), Rails Under the Mighty Hudson (2nd ed.), New York: Fordham University Press, pp. 55–56, ISBN 978-0-82890-257-1 
  25. ^ a b c d Barone, Vincent; Pereira, Ivan (October 17, 2016). "A glimpse at One Vanderbilt's transit improvements". am New York. Retrieved October 19, 2016. 
  26. ^ a b Hawkins, Andrew J. "$210M upgrade for Grand Central's subway unveiled". Crain's New York Business. Retrieved August 1, 2017. 
  27. ^ "A sneak peek at One Vanderbilt's Grand Central plan - New York Post". New York Post. September 8, 2014. Retrieved September 13, 2014. 
  28. ^ "A glimpse at the $200M transit plans for One Vanderbilt :: Second Ave. Sagas". Second Ave. Sagas. Retrieved September 13, 2014. 
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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

nycsubway.org:

Various:

Google Maps; Street View: