433d Operations Group

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433d Operations Group
Air Force Reserve Command.png
300px
433d Airlift Wing C-5A Galaxy[note 1]
Active 1943-1946; 1947-1952; 1955-1959; 1992--present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Airlift
Engagements Southwest Pacific Theater
Decorations Philippine Presidential Unit Citation[1]
Insignia
433d Operations Gp emblem[note 2] 433 Operations Gp emblem.png

The 433d Operations Group is the operational flying component of the United States Air Force Reserve 433d Airlift Wing. It is stationed at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas.

During World War II, as the 433d Troop Carrier Group, the group operated primarily in the Southwest Pacific Theater transporting such things as gasoline, ammunition, medicine, rations, communications equipment, construction materials and evacuating wounded personnel during numerous campaigns. It was awarded the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for its role in the liberation of the Philippines during 1944-1945. After the war, the unit served in the reserves and was called to active service during the Korean War. It returned to reserve duty until its inactivation in 1959. It was reactivated in 1992 when the reserves implemented the Objective Wing organization.

Overview[edit]

The 433 OG operates two flying squadrons with a total of 6 Lockheed C-5A Galaxy strategic airlift aircraft, transporting personnel and cargo on a worldwide basis. Component squadrons are:

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

Trained to tow gliders and to transport and drop supplies and paratroops, February–July 1943. Air echelon flew Group's Douglas C-47 Skytrains to New Guinea, via Hawaii, the Fiji Islands, and Australia, August–September 1943, and began operations with Fifth Air Force. Ground echelon sailed from the West Coast on 25 September 1943, arriving in Australia on 10 October 1943. By early November 1943, the two echelons had rejoined at Nadzab Airfield Complex,New Guinea.

Transported troops and carried cargo, such as gasoline, ammunition, medicine, food, equipment, and construction materials; and evacuated wounded personnel. From November 1943 to February 1945, the group was assigned six troop carrier squadrons, rather than the more normal four. Lost operational control of two squadrons, July–November 1944. Squadrons moved, October 1944-January 1945, to Biak Island, and January–February 1945 to the Philippines.

Operations in the Philippines included delivering ammunition, food, and other items to Filipino guerrilla forces; evacuating former allied prisoners of war and civilian internees; transporting combat units from New Guinea, the Netherlands East Indie], and the Solomon Islands. Group flew its one combat glider tow mission on 23 June 1945 to Aparri, Luzon. Transported troops to Okinawa, June–August 1945 and occupation forces to Japan after V-J Day.

Air Force reserve[edit]

Activated as a reserve organization in Ohio on 6 July 1947. Ordered to active service and moved to North Carolina in October 1950; received Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar aircraft the following month. Tactical training began in March 1951. Transported personnel and supplies to Army units in the field. Airdropped personnel and equipment during army exercises. Moved to Germany and participated with US, British, and French units in field training until inactivated. By 1958, flew airlift missions and participated in tactical exercises.

Beginning August 1992, the group participated in airlift missions worldwide, including numerous humanitarian missions.

Lineage[edit]

  • Established as the 433d Troop Carrier Group on 22 January 1943
Activated on 9 February 1943
Inactivated on 15 January 1946
  • Activated in the reserve on 6 July 1947
Redesignated 433d Troop Carrier Group, Medium on 27 June 1949
Ordered to active service on 15 October 1950
Inactivated on 14 July 1952
  • Activated in the reserve on 18 May 1955
Inactivated on 14 April 1959
Redesignated: 433d Tactical Airlift Group on 31 July 1985 (remained inactive)
  • Redesignated: 433d Operations Group on 1 August 1992
Activated in the reserve on 1 August 1992[1]

Assignments[edit]

Components[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Aircraft is Lockheed C-5A Galaxy serial 69-16.
  2. ^ The group uses the 433d Wing emblem with the group designation on the scroll. Haulman, 433d Operations Group Factsheet.
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e Haulman, Daniel L. (December 28, 2007). "Factsheet 433 Operations Group (AFRC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved May 27, 2017. 

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External links[edit]