438 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
438 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 438 BC
Ab urbe condita 316
Ancient Egypt era XXVII dynasty, 88
- Pharaoh Artaxerxes I of Persia, 28
Ancient Greek era 85th Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar 4313
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −1030
Berber calendar 513
Buddhist calendar 107
Burmese calendar −1075
Byzantine calendar 5071–5072
Chinese calendar 壬寅(Water Tiger)
2259 or 2199
    — to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
2260 or 2200
Coptic calendar −721 – −720
Discordian calendar 729
Ethiopian calendar −445 – −444
Hebrew calendar 3323–3324
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −381 – −380
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2663–2664
Holocene calendar 9563
Iranian calendar 1059 BP – 1058 BP
Islamic calendar 1092 BH – 1091 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1896
Minguo calendar 2349 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1905
Thai solar calendar 105–106
Tibetan calendar 阳水虎年
(male Water-Tiger)
−311 or −692 or −1464
    — to —
(female Water-Rabbit)
−310 or −691 or −1463

Year 438 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Tribunate of Macerinus, Iullus and Cincinnatus (or, less frequently, year 316 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 438 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • The Parthenon on the Acropolis at Athens is completed by Ictinus and Callicrates and is consecrated after 9 years of construction. It is dedicated at the Panathenaea (a festival held in honour of Athena every four years on the Acropolis).
  • The colossal statue of the Athena Parthenos, which Phidias has made for the Parthenon, is completed and dedicated. It is made of gold and ivory and stands some 12 metres high.
  • Telephus, a play by the renowned playwright Euripides, is produced in Athens. This tragedy did not survive to modern times.


By topic[edit]



  • Three seated Goddesses (possibly Hestia, Dione and Aphrodite), from the east pediment of the Parthenon, are made (finished in 432 BC). They are now kept at The British Museum in London.
  • The Ionic frieze on the north side of the Parthenon, is created (finished in 432 BC). Parts of this frieze are now preserved in museums in Europe, including the Horsemen (at the British Museum, London), and the Marshals and Young Women (now at Musée du Louvre, Paris), which once formed part of the Procession on the frieze.