439 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
439 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 439 BC
Ab urbe condita 315
Ancient Egypt era XXVII dynasty, 87
- Pharaoh Artaxerxes I of Persia, 27
Ancient Greek era 85th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar 4312
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −1031
Berber calendar 512
Buddhist calendar 106
Burmese calendar −1076
Byzantine calendar 5070–5071
Chinese calendar 辛丑(Metal Ox)
2258 or 2198
    — to —
壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
2259 or 2199
Coptic calendar −722 – −721
Discordian calendar 728
Ethiopian calendar −446 – −445
Hebrew calendar 3322–3323
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −382 – −381
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2662–2663
Holocene calendar 9562
Iranian calendar 1060 BP – 1059 BP
Islamic calendar 1093 BH – 1092 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1895
Minguo calendar 2350 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1906
Thai solar calendar 104–105
Tibetan calendar 阴金牛年
(female Iron-Ox)
−312 or −693 or −1465
    — to —
(male Water-Tiger)
−311 or −692 or −1464

Year 439 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Lanatus and Barbatus (or, less frequently, year 315 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 439 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • As a result of Persian assistance to Samos, it takes the Athenian army nine months to successfully complete its siege of Samos and force the Samians to surrender. Samos becomes a tributary of Athens.

Roman Republic[edit]

  • Spurius Maelius, a wealthy Roman plebeian, tries to buy popular support with the aim of making himself king. During the severe famine affecting Rome, he buys up a large store of grain and sells it at a low price to the people of Rome – the first time this had been done in Rome. This leads Lucius Minucius, the patrician praefectus annonae ("president of the market"), to accuse Maelius of seeking to take over the government.
  • Maelius is summoned before Cincinnatus (who has again become dictator of the Roman Republic, to put down a revolt by the plebeians), but refuses to appear. Shortly thereafter, Maelius is killed by Gaius Servilius Ahala and his house is burnt to the ground.