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Zrínyi in Kubinka Tank Museum
|Place of origin||Hungary|
|Wars||World War II|
|No. built||1 Zrínyi I (prototype),
40–66 Zrínyi II
|Specifications (Zrínyi II)|
|Length||5.68 m (18 ft 8 in)|
|Width||2.99 m (9 ft 10 in)|
|Height||2.33 m (7 ft 8 in)|
|Armour||13–75 mm (0.51–2.95 in)|
|105 mm MÁVAG 40/43M L20.5 howitzer
with 42 rounds
|Engine||Manfred Weiss V8 cylinder
|220 km (140 mi) (road)|
|Speed||43 km/h (27 mph) (road)|
Zrínyi was a Hungarian assault gun of the World War II period.
Design and history
Following the success of assault guns on the Eastern Front, the Hungarians developed their own model, based on the chassis of the 40M Turán I tank. There were two designs, the 44M Zrínyi I, incorporated a long 43M 75 mm gun, but it did not pass the prototype stage. The 40/43M Zrínyi II was armed with a short barrel (20.5 calibers) 105 mm MÁVAG 40/43M howitzer.
The Zrínyi II design was a traditional infantry support vehicle. The Zrínyi I was hoped to fulfill an anti-tank role.
Between 40 and 66 Zrínyi II units were produced between August 1943 and July 1944 and a single Zrínyi I prototype. There is only one surviving Zrínyi II in the Kubinka tank museum near Moscow.
A serviceable Zrínyi II was captured by the Romanian troops fighting to retake Transylvania during September–October 1944, being pressed into service for a limited period. The assault gun was later donated to the Red Army.
- Axworthy, page 221
- Bíró Ádám: A 40/43. M Zrínyi–II rohamtarack fejlesztése és alkalmazása. Haditechnika, I. rész: 1996/1, 66–71., II. rész: 1996/2, 43–45.; III. rész: 1996/4, 66–69. (In Hungarian)
- Mark Axworthy, Cornel Scafeș, Cristian Crãciunoiu, Third Axis. Fourth Ally. Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941-1945, Arms and Armour, London, 1995. ISBN 1-85409-267-7
- Media related to 43M Zrínyi at Wikimedia Commons
- http://www.freedom.hu/IIvh/Fegyverek/Magyar/zrinyi.htm (in Hungarian)
- http://www.haborumuveszete.hu/rovatok/fegyverek/pancelosok/zrinyik/ (in Hungarian)
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