43M Zrínyi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Zrínyi
40-43M Zrínyi II - Hungarian Assault gun (23946901978).jpg
Type Assault gun
Place of origin Hungary
Service history
Used by Hungary
Romania
Wars World War II
Production history
Manufacturer Manfred Weiss
Produced 1943–1944
No. built 1 Zrínyi I (prototype),
40–66 Zrínyi II
Variants Zrínyi I
Zrínyi II
Specifications (Zrínyi II)
Weight 21.6 t
Length 5.68 m (18 ft 8 in)
Width 2.99 m (9 ft 10 in)
Height 2.33 m (7 ft 8 in)
Crew 4

Armour 13–75 mm (0.51–2.95 in)
Main
armament
105 mm MÁVAG 40/43M L20.5 howitzer
with 42 rounds
Engine Manfred Weiss V8 cylinder
260 hp
Operational
range
220 km (140 mi) (road)
Speed 43 km/h (27 mph) (road)

Zrínyi was a Hungarian assault gun of the World War II period.

Design and history[edit]

Following the success of assault guns on the Eastern Front, the Hungarians developed their own model, based on the chassis of the 40M Turán I tank. There were two designs, the 44M Zrínyi I, incorporated a long 43M 75 mm gun, but it did not pass the prototype stage. The 40/43M Zrínyi II was armed with a short barrel (20.5 calibers) 105 mm MÁVAG 40/43M howitzer.

The Zrínyi II design was a traditional infantry support vehicle. The Zrínyi I was hoped to fulfill an anti-tank role.

Between 40 and 66 Zrínyi II units were produced between August 1943 and July 1944 and a single Zrínyi I prototype. There is only one surviving Zrínyi II in the Kubinka tank museum near Moscow.

Zrínyi II in Romanian service near Cluj in late 1944.

A serviceable Zrínyi II was captured by the Romanian troops fighting to retake Transylvania during September–October 1944, being pressed into service for a limited period.[1] The assault gun was later donated to the Red Army.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Axworthy, page 221

Sources[edit]

  • Bíró Ádám: A 40/43. M Zrínyi–II rohamtarack fejlesztése és alkalmazása. Haditechnika, I. rész: 1996/1, 66–71., II. rész: 1996/2, 43–45.; III. rész: 1996/4, 66–69. (In Hungarian)
  • Mark Axworthy, Cornel Scafeș, Cristian Crãciunoiu, Third Axis. Fourth Ally. Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941-1945, Arms and Armour, London, 1995. ISBN 1-85409-267-7

External links[edit]