|44th Parliament of Canada|
|22 November 2021 – present|
|Rt. Hon. Justin Trudeau|
4 Nov 2015 – present
|Cabinet||29th Canadian Ministry|
|Leader of the|
|Hon. Erin O'Toole|
24 Aug 2020 – 2 Feb 2022
|Hon. Candice Bergen|
2 Feb 2022 – 10 Sep 2022
|Hon. Pierre Poilievre|
10 Sep 2022 – present
|New Democratic Party|
|Independent Senators Group*|
|Canadian Senators Group*|
|Progressive Senate Group*|
|* Only in the Senate.|
|House of Commons|
|Speaker of the|
|Hon. Anthony Rota|
5 December 2019 – present
|Hon. Mark Holland|
October 26, 2021 – July 26, 2023
|Hon. Karina Gould|
July 26, 2023 – present
|Members||338 MP seats|
List of members
Seating arrangements of the Senate
|Speaker of the|
|Hon. George Furey|
3 December 2015 – 12 May 2023
|Hon. Raymonde Gagné|
12 May 2023 – present
|Hon. Marc Gold|
24 January 2020 – present
|Hon. Don Plett|
5 November 2019 – present
|Senators||105 senator seats|
List of senators
6 Feb 1952 – 8 Sep 2022
8 Sep 2022 – present
|HE Rt. Hon. Mary Simon|
26 July 2021 – present
22 November 2021 – 21 June 2023
|Part of a series on the|
|44th Canadian Parliament|
The 44th Canadian Parliament is the session of the Parliament of Canada which began on 22 November 2021, with the membership of the House of Commons, having been determined by the results of the 2021 federal election held on 20 September. Parliament officially resumed on 22 November with the re-election of Speaker Anthony Rota, and the Speech from the Throne read by Governor General Mary Simon the following day.
It is led by a Liberal Party minority government under the premiership of Justin Trudeau. Six months into the first session on 22 March 2022 it was announced that the New Democratic Party would henceforth support the government with confidence and supply measures.
Current Leadership of the House of Commons
|Speaker of the House of Commons||Liberal||Anthony Rota||Nipissing—Timiskaming||5 December 2019|
Liberal Leadership (Government)
|Leader||Justin Trudeau||Papineau||14 April 2013|
|Deputy Leader||Chrystia Freeland||University-Rosedale||20 November 2019|
|House Leader||Karina Gould||Burlington||26 July 2023|
|Whip||Steven MacKinnon||Gatineau||28 October 2021|
|Caucus Chair||Brenda Shanahan||Châteauguay—Lacolle||28 November 2021|
Conservative Leadership (Opposition)
|Leader||Pierre Poilivevre||Carleton||10 September 2022|
|Deputy Leaders||Melissa Lantsman||Thornhill||10 September 2022|
|Tim Uppal||Edmonton Mill Woods|
|House Leader||Andrew Scheer||Regina—Qu'Appelle||13 September 2022|
|Deputy House Leader||Luc Berthold||Mégantic—L'Érable||13 September 2022|
|Whip||Kerry-Lynne Findlay||South Surrey—White Rock||13 September 2022|
|Deputy Whip and question period Coordinator||Chris Warkentin||Grande Prairie—Mackenzie||13 September 2022|
|Caucus Chair||Scott Reid||Lanark—Frontenac—Kingston||13 September 2022|
|Caucus Party Liaison||Eric Duncan||Stormont—Dundas—South Glengarry||13 September 2022|
|Caucus Committee Coordinator||Jake Stewart||Miramichi—Grand Lake||13 September 2022|
|Québec Lieutenant||Pierre Paul-Hus||Charlesbourg-Haute-Saint-Charles||13 September 2022|
Current Leadership of the Senate
|Speaker of the Senate||Non-affiliated||Raymonde Gagné||Manitoba||12 May 2023|
Government Leadership (Non-Affiliated)
|Government representative in the senate||Marc Gold||Quebec||24 January 2020|
|Legislative Deputy to the Government Representative in the Senate||Patti LaBoucane-Benson||Alberta||N/A|
Opposition Leadership (Conservative)
|Leader of the Opposition||Don Plett||Manitoba||5 November 2019|
|Deputy leader of the Opposition||Yonah Martin||British Columbia||November 2015|
|Whip of the Opposition||Judith Seidman||Quebec||N/A|
|Deputy Whip of the Opposition||Leo Housakos||Quebec||N/A|
|Chair of the Conservative Caucus||Rose-May Poirier||New Brunswick||December 2019|
- 20 September – In the 44th Canadian federal election, the incumbent Liberal Party wins the most seats in the House of Commons, but fails to reach a majority government.
- 26 October – The new Ministry is sworn in, the first overseen by Governor General Mary Simon.
- 22 November – Opening of the 44th Parliament, and re-election of the Honourable Anthony Rota as Speaker of the House of Commons.
- 2 February – Erin O'Toole is removed as the leader of the Conservative Party, and consequently as the Leader of the Official Opposition, in a caucus vote.
- 21 February – The House of Commons votes to confirm the Emergencies Act, with 185 for and 151 opposing the motion. The act was invoked in relation to the convoy protests in Ottawa and at border points.
- 23 February – The equivalent Emergencies Act confirmation motion in the Senate is withdrawn without a vote by Representative of the Government in the Senate, Marc Gold, following the revocation of the Emergencies Act by the government earlier that day.
- 22 March – The Liberal Party and New Democratic Party announce a confidence-and-supply agreement that will see the NDP support the Liberals on confidence motions (including budgets) until 2025 in exchange for Liberal support of certain NDP policies.
- 10 September – The 2022 Conservative Party leadership election concludes. Pierre Poilievre is elected as the new Conservative leader.
- 19 November – The 2022 Green Party leadership election concludes. MP and former leader Elizabeth May is once again announced as the new leader of the Green Party of Canada, in partnership with Jonathan Pedneault, who is named as the de jure deputy leader of the Greens.
- 31 March – Former Conservative Party leader Erin O'Toole announces that he will resign as Member of Parliament for Durham at the end of the spring season of the House of Commons and not seek re-election.
- 26 July – The Liberal government holds a major cabinet reshuffle.
- 26 September – After pressure from government cabinet ministers and Opposition parliamentary leaders, the Speaker of the House of Commons, Liberal MP Anthony Rota, announces that he will resign from that position effective September 27th, 2023, after erroneously inviting to the House gallery and honouring a 98-year-old Ukrainian war veteran, Yaroslav Hunka, who was found to have served in the armed forces of Nazi Germany during World War II. Rota's invitation of Hunka took place during a state visit and parliamentary address by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy.
Changes in MPs
|Affiliation||House members||Senate members|
|Independent Senators Group||–||–||40||39||1|
|Progressive Senate Group||–||–||14||11||3|
|Canadian Senators Group||–||–||13||15||2|
With the Liberal Party and NDP entering into a confidence and supply agreement on budgetary items and motions of confidence, the final component of the 2021 budget (Bill C-8) was adopted in June 2022. Among other provisions, Bill C-8 enacted the Underused Housing Tax Act, created a new tax credit to return carbon tax paid by farmers, created the COVID-19 Air Quality Improvement Tax Credit, and expanded both the School Supplies Tax Credit and the northern residents deduction amount. Similarly, the 2022 budget was implemented in Bills C-19 and C-32. Among other provisions, Bill C-19 doubled the Home Accessibility Tax Credit, created the Labour Mobility Deduction for tradespeople, made vaping products subject to excise duties, removed excise duties from low-alcohol beer, removed the excise duty exemption that had applied to Canadian wine as directed by the WTO, and amended the Copyright Act as agreed to in the Canada-United States–Mexico Agreement, and criminalized Holocaust denial. Bill C-19 also enacted the Civil Lunar Gateway Agreement Implementation Act; the Prohibition on the Purchase of Residential Property by Non-Canadians Act; and the Select Luxury Items Tax Act to create a new sales tax applicable to luxury cars, planes and boats; and also repealed the Safe Drinking Water for First Nations Act. Bill C-32 created the First Home Savings Account as a new registered savings plan and the Multigenerational Home Renovation Tax Credit; made income derived from house-flipping into business income for taxation purposes; created a temporary 15% tax on the taxable income of banks that exceeded $1 billion; and, in response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, increased maximum financial assistance that can be provided to foreign states from US$5 billion to C$14 billion. In other legislation, Bill C-11 adopted the Online Streaming Act.
On healthcare, the Canada Dental Benefit was created with Bill C-31 with the Liberals, NDP and Green Party in support, and Conservatives and Bloc opposed. With all party support, Bill C-10 directed $2.5 billion be paid for COVID testing purposes; Bill C-12 amended guaranteed income supplements to exclude payments received from the Emergency Response Benefit, the Recovery Benefit and the Worker Lockdown Benefit. With both the NDP and Conservatives opposing, Bill C-2 enacted the Canada Worker Lockdown Benefit Act and extended various other COVID-related benefit programs. On public safety and crime, with all party support, Bill C-3 inserted a new offence into the Criminal Code regarding intimidation of a person seeking health services and obstruction of lawful access to a place at which health services are provided. Bill C-28 was adopted in response to R v Brown (2022) addressing self-induced extreme intoxication.
- Official Opposition Shadow Cabinet of the 44th Parliament of Canada
- Women in the 44th Canadian Parliament
- Blatchford, Andy (22 March 2022). "Trudeau will be prime minister until 2025". POLITICO.
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- "Anthony Rota resigns as Speaker after inviting former Ukrainian soldier with Nazi ties to Parliament". CBC News. 26 September 2023. Retrieved 26 September 2023.
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- "Mississauga Liberal MP resigns to work for United Nations less than a year after re-election". Mississauga.com. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
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- Elections Canada (16 December 2022). "A Federal Seat is Vacant in Winnipeg South Centre". Retrieved 12 March 2023.
- Elections Canada (5 January 2023). "A Federal Seat is Vacant in Calgary Heritage". Retrieved 12 March 2023.
- Elections Canada (2 February 2023). "A Federal Seat is Vacant in Oxford". Retrieved 12 March 2023.
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- Barton, Andrew; Béchard, Julie; et al. (30 May 2022). "Legislative Summary of Bill C-19: An Act to implement certain provisions of the budget tabled in Parliament on 7 April 2022 and other measures" (PDF). Library of Parliament.
- Fleury, Sylvain; Blackshaw, Matthew; et al. (30 December 2022). "An Act to implement certain provisions of the Fall Economic Statement Tabled in Parliament on November 3, 2022 and Certain Provisions of the Budget Tabled in Parliament on April 7, 2022" (PDF). Library of Parliament.
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- Eñano, Katrina (28 June 2022). "Bill abolishing 'self-induced extreme intoxication' as legal defence receives royal assent".
- Members of 44th Parliament at Parliament of Canada