44th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment
|44th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment|
|Active||August 30, 1861–October 11, 1864|
|Country||United States of America|
|Branch||United States Army|
Second Battle of Bull Run
Battle of South Mountain
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Fredericksburg
Battle of Chancellorsville
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of the Wilderness
Battle of Cold Harbor
Siege of Petersburg
The 44th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment was a regiment of the Union Army during the American Civil War which was formed up in mid-1861, and mustered in on August 30, 1861. The regiment wore an americanized zouave uniform which consisted of a dark blue zouave jacket with red piping on the cuffs, dark blue trousers with a red stripe, a red zouave shirt, a dark blue forage cap, and a pair of leather gaiters. The jacket had buttons down the front of it which was not part of the original French zouave uniform.
The regiment was first mustered by Stephen W. Stryker, a former lieutenant in the 11th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment, in part to remember his former commander, Colonel Elmer Ellsworth in Alexandria, Virginia, the first officer to die in the war. The regiment became known as "Ellsworth's Avengers". Several other members of the regiments were members of Ellsworth's Chicago Zouave Cadets, including Colonel Freeman Conner, Major Edward B. Knox and Captain Lucius Larrabee, who commanded Company B and was killed at Gettysburg.
The regiment first saw action in the Peninsular Campaign and by October 1862, battle deaths and disease had left only 200 men of the regiment's original strength of 1100 members.
They were one of four regiments in the 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps, Army of the Potomac, commanded by lieutenant colonel Strong Vincent, which fought during the Battle of Gettysburg. On July 2, 1863, at around 4:00 p.m., the second day of the battle, the 3rd Brigade, began a heroic defense of Little Round Top, the extreme left flank of the Union Line.
- Ingraham (1925) pp. 66
- Ingraham, Charles A (1925). Elmer E. Ellsworth and the Zouaves of '61. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press.
- The Civil War Archive
- New York State Military Museum and Veterans Research Center - Civil War - 44th Infantry Regiment History, photographs, table of battles and casualties, and historical sketch for the 44th New York Infantry Regiment.
- A history of the Forty-fourth Regiment, New York Volunteer Infantry, in the Civil War, 1861-1865 (1911) on the Internet Archive