|Discovered by||Henry E. Holt
Norman G. Thomas
|Discovery date||31 March 1989|
|Epoch 20 December 2013 (JD 2456646.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||9628 days (26.36 yr)|
|Aphelion||1.3875 AU (207.57 Gm)|
|Perihelion||0.65734 AU (98.337 Gm)|
|1.0224 AU (152.95 Gm)|
|1.03 yr (377.60 d)|
Average orbital speed
|0° 57m 12.24s / day|
|Earth MOID||0.00335152 AU (501,380 km)|
|Jupiter MOID||3.88524 AU (581.224 Gm)|
|Jupiter Tisserand parameter||5.914|
Equatorial surface gravity
Equatorial escape velocity
4581 Asclepius (// ə-SKLEE-pee-əs) is a small asteroid of the Apollo group that makes close orbital passes with Earth. Discovered in 1989 by American astronomers Henry E. Holt (1929-) and Norman G. Thomas (1930-), Asclepius is named after the Greek demigod of medicine and healing.
Asclepius passed by Earth on March 22, 1989, at a distance of 0.00457 AU (684,000 km; 425,000 mi). Although this exceeds the Moon's orbital radius, the close pass received attention at that time, especially since the asteroid passed through the exact position of Earth only six hours earlier. "On the cosmic scale of things, that was a close call," said Dr. Henry Holt. Geophysicists estimate that collision with Asclepius would release energy comparable to the explosion of a 600 megaton atomic bomb. The asteroid was discovered March 31, 1989, nine days after its closest approach to the Earth.
Subsequent discoveries revealed that a whole class of such objects exists. Close approaches by objects the size of Asclepius pass by every two or three years, undetected until the start of computerized near-Earth object searches.
On 24 March 2051, the asteroid will pass 0.0123 AU (1,840,000 km; 1,140,000 mi) from the Earth. It will be the eighth pass of less than 30 Gm in this century. JPL shows that the uncertainty region of the asteroid will cause it to mostly likely pass from 0.02 AU to 0.17 AU from the Earth in 2135.
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 4581 Asclepius (1989 FC)" (2011-07-28 last obs (arc=22.32 years)). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
- "JPL Close-Approach Data: 4581 Asclepius (1989 FC)" (2015-08-10 last obs (arc=26.36 years)). Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- "NEODyS-2 Close Approaches for (4581) Asclepius". Near Earth Objects - Dynamic Site. Retrieved 2011-11-08.
- "Asteroid's Passing a 'Close Call' for Earth, NASA Says". Los Angeles Times. April 20, 1989. Retrieved 2010-05-07.
- Gilchrist, Tom (November 2008). "Effects of an impact event: an analysis of asteroid 1989FC". Geoverse: e-journal of Undergraduate Research in Geography. ISSN 1758-3411. Retrieved 2010-05-07.
- Brian G. Marsden (1998-03-29). "How the Asteroid Story Hit: An Aastronomer Reveals How a Discovery Spun Out of Control". Minor Planet Center and Boston Globe newspaper. Retrieved 2011-11-14.
- Orbital simulation from JPL (Java) / Horizons Ephemeris
- 4581 Asclepius at the JPL Small-Body Database