45th Academy Awards

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45th Academy Awards
45th Academy Awards.jpg
Date Tuesday, March 27, 1973
Site Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles
Host Carol Burnett, Michael Caine, Charlton Heston, Rock Hudson
Producer Howard W. Koch
Director Marty Pasetta
Highlights
Best Picture The Godfather
Most awards Cabaret (8)
Most nominations

The Godfather and

Cabaret (10)
TV in the United States
Network NBC
Duration 2 hours, 38 minutes

The 45th Academy Awards were presented March 27, 1973, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles. The ceremonies were presided over by Carol Burnett, Michael Caine, Charlton Heston, and Rock Hudson.

The ceremony was marked by Marlon Brando's boycott of the Oscars and his sending of Sacheen Littlefeather to explain why he would not show up to collect his Best Actor award for The Godfather, and by Charlie Chaplin's first competitive Oscar win for Best Original Score for his 20-year-old film Limelight, which was eligible because it did not screen in Los Angeles until 1972.[1][2] Chaplin had received honorary Academy Awards in 1929 and 1972.

Cabaret, Bob Fosse's adaptation of the Broadway stage musical, set a record for the most Oscars won without winning Best Picture. Although Best Picture winner The Godfather received only three Academy Awards, it is recognized today as one of the most acclaimed and beloved films of all time.

This year was the first time that two African American women received nominations for Best Actress.[3]

Winners and nominees[edit]

Awards[edit]

Winners are listed first and highlighted in boldface.[4][5]

Best Picture Best Director
Best Actor Best Actress
Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress
Best Original Screenplay Best Adapted Screenplay
Best Documentary Feature Best Documentary Short
Best Foreign Language Film Best Original Song
Best Live Action Short Best Animated Short
Best Original Score (Dramatic) Best Score (Adaptation and Original Song)
Best Costume Design Best Sound Mixing
Best Art Direction Best Cinematography
Best Film Editing

Honorary Academy Awards[edit]

Academy Honorary Award[edit]

Films with multiple nominations and awards[edit]

Eligibility controversies[edit]

It was initially announced, on February 12, 1973, that The Godfather received 11 nominations, more than any other film that year.[6][7] This was reduced to 10 nominations (tied with Cabaret for the most) after a new vote by the Academy's music branch, following a controversy over whether Nino Rota's score for The Godfather was eligible for the nomination it received.[8][9] For the re-balloting, members of the music branch chose from six films: The Godfather and the five films that had been on the shortlist for best original dramatic score but did not get nominated. John Addison's score for Sleuth won this new vote, and thus replaced Rota's score on the official list of nominees.[10] The controversy arose, according to Academy president Daniel Taradash, because the love theme in The Godfather had previously been used by Rota in Fortunella, an Italian movie from several years earlier.[11]

The nominations in the category of Best Original Song were not announced in February with the rest of the nominations, reportedly because of "a mixup in balloting".[12] It was later reported that the Academy had been considering whether Curtis Mayfield's song "Freddie's Dead" from the film Super Fly should be eligible. The song was ruled ineligible for a nomination because its lyrics were not sung in the film. (The song was released as a single with lyrics, but the version in the film was an instrumental.) Academy governor John Green was quoted as saying: "Times have changed. In the old days Hollywood made 30 or 40 musicals a year, and there were plenty of songs to choose from. Now there are hardly any, and most of the eligible songs are themes. Both the lyric and the music must be heard on the sound track to be eligible."[13]

Presenters and performers[edit]

The following individuals presented awards or performed musical numbers.

Presenters (in order of appearance)[edit]

Name Role
Simms, HankHank Simms Announcer for the 45th Academy Awards
Taradash, DanielDaniel Taradash (AMPAS President) Gave opening remarks welcoming guests to the awards ceremony
Eastwood, ClintClint Eastwood
Charlton Heston
Explained the voting rules to the public
Albert, EddieEddie Albert
Edward Albert
Presenters of the award for Best Sound
Oberon, MerleMerle Oberon Presenter of the award for Best Visual Effects
Arthur, BeaBea Arthur
Peter Boyle
Presenters of the Short Subjects Awards
Duvall, RobertRobert Duvall
Cloris Leachman
Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actress
Sommer, ElkeElke Sommer
Jack Valenti
Presenters of the award for Best Foreign Language Film
Gavin, JohnJohn Gavin
Katharine Ross
Presenters of the award for Best Film Editing
Coburn, JamesJames Coburn
Diana Ross
Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actor
Walsh, RichardRichard Walsh Presenter of the Honorary Award to Charles S. Boren
Wagner, RobertRobert Wagner
Natalie Wood
Presenters of the Documentary Awards
Berenson, MarisaMarisa Berenson
Michael Caine
Presenters of the award for Best Costume Design
Garson, GreerGreer Garson
Laurence Harvey
Presenters of the award for Best Art Direction-Set Decoration
Cannon, DyanDyan Cannon
Burt Reynolds
Presenters of the Music Awards
Bergen, CandiceCandice Bergen
Billy Dee Williams
Presenters of the award for Best Cinematography
Sonny & Cher, Sonny & Cher Presenters of the award for Best Original Song
Heston, CharltonCharlton Heston Presenter of the Honorary Award to Edward G. Robinson
Sinatra, FrankFrank Sinatra Presenter of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
Lemmon, JackJack Lemmon Presenter of the Writing Awards
Andrews, JulieJulie Andrews
George Stevens
Presenters of the award for Best Director
Moore, RogerRoger Moore
Liv Ullmann
Presenters of the award for Best Actor
Littlefeather, SacheenSacheen Littlefeather Accepted Marlon Brando's award on his behalf
Hackman, GeneGene Hackman
Raquel Welch
Presenters of the award for Best Actress
Eastwood, ClintClint Eastwood Presenter of the award for Best Picture
Wayne, JohnJohn Wayne Introducer of the performance of "You Ought to Be in Pictures"

Performers (in order of appearance)[edit]

Name Role Performed
Williams, JohnJohn Williams Musical arranger Orchestral
Lansbury, AngelaAngela Lansbury Performer "Make a Little Magic"
Jackson, MichaelMichael Jackson Performer "Ben" from Ben
Springfield Revival, Springfield Revival Performer "Come Follow, Follow Me" from The Little Ark
Campbell, GlenGlen Campbell
The Mike Curb Congregation
Performer "Marmalade, Molasses & Honey" from The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean
Stevens, ConnieConnie Stevens Performer "The Morning After" from The Poseidon Adventure
Carroll, DiahannDiahann Carroll Performer "Strange Are the Ways of Love" from The Stepmother
Academy Award Chorus, Academy Award Chorus Performers "You Ought to Be in Pictures"

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bruce Russell (1973-03-28). "Cabaret shades Godfather". Reuter. Retrieved 2013-06-09. The film, withdrawn from U.S. movie theatres in the bitter controversy over Chaplin's political views and private life, qualified by being released for the first time in Los Angeles last year. 
  2. ^ Bret Wood. "Limelight". TCM. Retrieved 2013-06-09. 
  3. ^ Bruce Russell (1973-02-13). "‘Godfather’ Gets 11 Oscar Nominations". Toledo Blade. Reuter. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  4. ^ The Official Academy Awards® Database
  5. ^ "The 45th Academy Awards (1973) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-08-28. 
  6. ^ Bruce Russell (1973-02-13). "‘Godfather’ Gets 11 Oscar Nominations". Toledo Blade. Reuter. Retrieved 2014-09-02. 
  7. ^ "Oscar Nominations Offer Few Oddities". The Milwaukee Journal. 1973-02-13. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  8. ^ "The Godfather loses one count". The Star-Phoenix. AP. 1973-03-03. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  9. ^ "The Godfather". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  10. ^ "100 Years of Paramount: Academy Awards". Paramount Pictures. Retrieved 2013-06-16. The Godfather score, composed by Nino Rota, was originally announced as one of the five official nominees. It was later pointed out that portions of the score and the main theme were composed by Rota for his score to the 1958 Italian film, Fortunella. The Music Branch was given this information and re-balloted to determine the fifth nomination. The list of six films they were to choose from were the remaining five of the top ten preliminary listings, plus The Godfather score. The results of the re-balloting was that the fifth nomination became Sleuth, composed by John Addison. 
  11. ^ "Godfather, Superfly music out of Oscars". The Montreal Gazette. AP. 1973-03-07. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  12. ^ "Oscar Nominations Offer Few Oddities". The Milwaukee Journal. 1973-02-13. Retrieved 2013-06-16. Because of a mixup in balloting, the nominations for best song won't be announced until March 5. 
  13. ^ "'Godfather', 'Super Fly' Music Not Nominated For Oscar". The Toledo Blade. AP. 1973-03-07. Retrieved 2013-06-16.