45th Regiment of Foot
|45th Regiment of Foot|
The 45th Regiment of Foot was a British Army line infantry regiment. Established in 1741, by 1745 the regiment was in Gibraltar and under the command of a Colonel Warburton, while two years later it was serving in Nova Scotia during Father Le Loutre’s War, the 45th being called out on active service. The regiment participated in the defence of Dartmouth, the Siege of Louisbourg (1758) and the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. The 45th Regiment served for twenty years in Canada. The regiment also participated in the American Revolution, the Peninsular War, Burmese War, and the Kaffir War. During the Childers Reforms it was united with the 95th (Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot to form The Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) .
The 45th Regiment was raised in 1741 as Houghton's Regiment, for service during the War of the Austrian Succession and Warburton's Regiment during Father Le Loutre's War and the French and Indian War. It was first posted to Gibraltar in 1745, before moving to Nova Scotia in 1747 for garrison duty. The regiment fought in the Raid on Dartmouth (1751) and the Siege of Louisbourg (1758), which became the regiments first battle honour.
From 1774 the regiment was in action in North America during the American War of Independence, fighting in the battles of Long Island, Philadelphia, Brandywine Creek and Germantown. In 1783 they returned home to Nottingham, where the citizens petitioned for the regiment to be named "the Nottinghamshire regiment". This was granted the same year, becoming the 45th (1st Nottinghamshire) Regiment.
The regiment returned to the Americas in 1786, spending the next 16 years, with one break, in the West Indies. During this time they saw action against the French as part of the French Revolutionary Wars, at Martinique, Dominica and Les Saintes.
After an expedition to South America in 1807, fighting at Buenos Aires, the 45th returned to Britain, to take part in Wellington's Peninsular campaign. In this they fought in every major action, winning the nickname "Old Stubborns" at Talavera, and being commended at Busaco and Badajoz.
Following the end of the Napoleonic Wars the Nottinghamshires served in a series of colonial campaigns. In 1819 they were in Ceylon, and in 1824 in the First Burma War. In 1843 they were in South Africa for the First Kaffir War, and in 1851 for the Second. In 1867, now called the 45th Nottinghamshire Regiment (Sherwood Foresters), they took part in the Abyssinian campaign.
- Rolica, Vimiera, Talavera, Busaco, Fuentes D'Onoro, Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula,
- South Africa 1846-47,
Colonels of the Regiment
Colonels of the regiment were:
- 1741–1745: Brig-Gen. Daniel Houghton
45th Regiment of Foot - (1751)
- 1745–1761: Gen. Hugh Warburton
- 1761: Maj-Gen. Andrew Robinson
- 1761–1767: Maj-Gen. Hon. John Boscawen
- 1767–1784: Gen. William Haviland
45th (Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot
- 1784–1787: Maj-Gen. Sir John Wrottesley, 8th Baronet
- 1787–1788: Lt-Gen. James Cuninghame
- 1788–1802: Gen. James Whorwood Adeane
- 1802–1823: Gen. Frederick Cavendish Lister
- 1823–1837: Gen. Richard Lambart, 7th Earl of Cavan, KC
- 1837–1840: Lt-Gen. Sir William Henry Pringle, GCB
- 1840–1847: Gen. Sir Fitzroy Jeffries Grafton Maclean, Bt.
- 1847–1856: Gen. Sir Colin Halkett, GCB, GCH
- 1856–1858: Gen. Thomas Brabazon Aylmer
- 1858–1866: F.M. Sir Hugh Rose, 1st Baron Strathnairn, GCB, GCSI
45th (Nottinghamshire) (Sherwood Foresters) Regiment of Foot
- 1866–1868: Gen. Thomas Armstrong Drought
- 1868–1876: Gen. Frederick Horn, GCB
- 1876–1878: Gen. Henry Cooper
- 1878–1881: Gen. Sir Daniel Lysons, GCB
- "45th (Nottinghamshire) (Sherwood Foresters) Regiment of Foot". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 10 June 2007. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- Wickes, H L (1974). Regiments of Foot. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 0-85045-220-1.
- Dalbiac, Philip Hugh (2009). History of the 45th: 1st Nottinghamshire Regiment (Sherwood Foresters). BiblioBazaar, LLC. ISBN 978-1-103-37521-9.
- Beekett, Ian FW (2003). Discovering English County Regiments. Osprey Publishing. pp. 94–96. ISBN 978-0-7478-0506-9.
- Frank Burton 45th Regiment of Foot