461 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
461 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 461 BC
Ab urbe condita 293
Ancient Egypt era XXVII dynasty, 65
- Pharaoh Artaxerxes I of Persia, 5
Ancient Greek era 79th Olympiad, year 4
Assyrian calendar 4290
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −1053
Berber calendar 490
Buddhist calendar 84
Burmese calendar −1098
Byzantine calendar 5048–5049
Chinese calendar 己卯(Earth Rabbit)
2236 or 2176
    — to —
庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
2237 or 2177
Coptic calendar −744 – −743
Discordian calendar 706
Ethiopian calendar −468 – −467
Hebrew calendar 3300–3301
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −404 – −403
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2640–2641
Holocene calendar 9540
Iranian calendar 1082 BP – 1081 BP
Islamic calendar 1115 BH – 1114 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1873
Minguo calendar 2372 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1928
Thai solar calendar 82–83
Tibetan calendar 阴土兔年
(female Earth-Rabbit)
−334 or −715 or −1487
    — to —
(male Iron-Dragon)
−333 or −714 or −1486

Year 461 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Gallus and Cornutus (or, less frequently, year 293 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 461 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • In Athens, Ephialtes and Pericles finally get agreement to the ostracism of Kimon, who had become unpopular for his unsuccessful pro-Spartan policy.
  • Ephialtes, with the support of Pericles, reduces the power of the Athenian Council of Areopagus (filled with ex-archons and so a stronghold of oligarchy) and transfers them to the people, i.e. the Council of Five Hundred, the Assembly and the popular law courts. The office of Judge is made a paid position and is recruited by lot from a list to which every citizen can have his name added.
  • Ephialtes is murdered by Aristodicus of Tanagra in Boeotia, who is said to have acted on behalf of members of the Athenian oligarchy.
  • The ostracism of Kimon and the murder of Ephialtes leave Pericles as the most influential orator in Athens.