46 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
46 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 46 BC
Ab urbe condita 708
Ancient Egypt era XXXIII dynasty, 278
- Pharaoh Cleopatra VII, 6
Ancient Greek era 183rd Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar 4705
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −638
Berber calendar 905
Buddhist calendar 499
Burmese calendar −683
Byzantine calendar 5463–5464
Chinese calendar 甲戌(Wood Dog)
2651 or 2591
    — to —
乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
2652 or 2592
Coptic calendar −329 – −328
Discordian calendar 1121
Ethiopian calendar −53 – −52
Hebrew calendar 3715–3716
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 11–12
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 3055–3056
Holocene calendar 9955
Iranian calendar 667 BP – 666 BP
Islamic calendar 688 BH – 686 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar 46 BC
Korean calendar 2288
Minguo calendar 1957 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1513
Seleucid era 266/267 AG
Thai solar calendar 497–498
Tibetan calendar 阳木狗年
(male Wood-Dog)
81 or −300 or −1072
    — to —
(female Wood-Pig)
82 or −299 or −1071

Year 46 BC was the last year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caesar and Lepidus (or, less frequently, year 708 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 46 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years. This year marks the change from the pre-Julian Roman calendar to the Julian calendar. The Romans had to periodically add a leap month every few years to keep the calendar year in sync with the solar year but had missed a few with the chaos of the civil wars of the late republic. Julius Caesar added two extra leap months to recalibrate the calendar in preparation for his calendar reform, which went into effect in 45 BC.[1][2] This year therefore had 445 days, and was nicknamed annus confusionis ("year of confusion").[3]


By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]