46th Arkansas Infantry (Mounted)

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46th Arkansas Infantry (Mounted) (Confederate)
Flag of Arkansas.svg
Arkansas state flag
Active 1864–1865
Country Confederate States of America
Allegiance Dixie CSA
Branch Mounted Infantry
Engagements

American Civil War

Arkansas Confederate Infantry Regiments
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45th Arkansas Infantry (Mounted) 47th Arkansas Infantry (Mounted)

The 46th Arkansas Infantry (Mounted) (1864–1865) was a Confederate Army Mounted Infantry regiment during the American Civil War. While authorized by the State Military Board as an infantry regiment, the unit was mounted for Price's Missouri Expedition and served as mounted infantry. Due to its mounted status, the unit is sometimes referred to as the 46th Arkansas Cavalry when a numerical designation is used.[1] The unit is almost always referred to as either Coleman's Arkansas Cavalry Regiment or Crabtree's Cavalry[2] in official reports from the period.[3]

Organization[edit]

In 1862, Colonel William O. Coleman returned to Carter County, Missouri and recruited heavily among former Missouri State Guard soldiers to form Coleman's Missouri Cavalry Regiment.[4] Many of the same men appear on the rosters (compiled from individual service records) of Coleman's Missouri Cavalry regiment as the roster of the 4th Missouri Cavalry. Several of these men were from Arkansas, including Captain Wiley C Jones, who was the commander of a company in Coleman's 4th Missouri Cavalry. Apparently, Coleman's Missouri Cavalry Regiment operated for some time without formal recognition, until the summer of 1864, and it was granted in July 1864 official status as a Partisan Ranger Regiment (Independent Cavalry Command) under the Partisan Ranger Act of 1862. It was only an officially independent command for a few months, before the reorganization of commands for Price's Raid in Missouri which occurred between August and October 1864. At some point several of the previously independent cavalry regiments, battalions, and companies were organized into new commands.[5]

In May 1864, General J. O. Shelby occupied Northeast Arkansas, well behind Union army lines. In early June 1863, General Shelby commissioned Colonel Thomas Hamilton McCray, among others to begin raising regiments in Northeast Arkansas. By June 13, Shelby reported to General Sterling Price that McCray's efforts were bearing fruit.

The work of recruiting goes bravely on. Colonel McCray will have a brigade and Dobbin, Coffee, Freeman and Coleman will have regiments.[6]

Colonel McCray's efforts led to the recruitment of at least three regiments, the 45th, 46th and 47th Arkansas Infantry Regiments. These 40-series regiments consisted mostly of conscripts, and absentees from existing units, organized around a small cadre of detailed from infantry regiments, which were expected to be idle during the fall and winter of 1864.[7]

Post War Photo of Colonel William O. Coleman.[8]

The decreasing availability of fodder for horses in 1864 led the Confederate Trans-Mississippi Department to issue an order proscribing the raising of additional mounted regiments in Arkansas. However, when General Sterling Price received authorization to conduct a campaign in Missouri that fall, several of the new regiments were mounted in order to accompany him. As a result, the 44th, 45th, 46th, 47th, and 48th were officially mounted infantry regiments instead of cavalry regiments. They were rarely referred to in contemporary reports and orders by numerical designation. Price referred to them as McGehee's Cavalry, Crabtree's Cavalry, etc., which eventually resulted in their later being referred to as 44th Cavalry, 46th Cavalry, etc.[9]

William O. Coleman was formally assigned as the commander of the 46th Arkansas Mounted, while several of the former Coleman's officers and men (e.g. Captain Jones) were reassigned to other regiments such as the 45th Arkansas Infantry (Mounted).[5] The unit was composed of companies from Greene, Independence, Jackson, Van Buren and White counties:[10]

Officer appointments in the 40-series regiments date from the June to August 1864 time frame, so it is assumed that the regiments were mustered into service about the same time at various points in northeast Arkansas.[11] The list of regimental officers follows:[12]

Colonel William O. Coleman
Lieutenant Colonel John W. Crabtree[13]
Lieutenant Colonel S. J. McGriffin
Captain James Rutherford, Acting Quartermaster
First Lieutenant Robert Weaver, Adjutant
Captain A. C. Dunaway, Acting Commissary

There are no known muster rolls of the 46th Arkansas Mounted Infantry and no record of enlistments. Apart from a few prisoner of war records, the records of this regiment consist of paroles of soldiers who surrendered at Jacksonport, Arkansas, on June 5, 1865.[11]

Battles[edit]

It appears that the 46th was originally assigned to Colonel Thomas H. McCray's brigade and operated as part of General Shelby's division in northeast Arkansas in the summer of 1864. The regiments organized by Colonel McCray were apparently ready for operations by 25 July 1864 when Brigadier General Shelby ordered McCray's Brigade to move south and attack the railroad near Brownsville, in current day Lonoke County, Arkansas.[14][15][16] The purpose of these attacks were to cut off supplies to the Union army under General Steele in Little Rock, which was dependent on supplies flowing up the Arkansas River and down the rail road from Duvall's Bluff, Arkansas.[17] In response to Colonel McCray's movements, Union Brigadier General Joseph R. West conducted an expedition from Little Rock to the Little Red River, August 7–14, 1864 in antempt to destroy McCray's forces. Wests forces encounterd some of McCray's forces at Hickor Plains, Arkansas, on August 7, 1864, and captured seven prisoners.[18] Shelby reported that McCray succeeded in tearing up track and burning several trestles.[16]

In late August 1864, Colonel McCray and his brigade accompanied General Shelby in a raid against Union hay cutting operations in west of DeValls Bluff in Prairie County, Arkansas.[19] The purpose of this operation was to draw union forces east of Little Rock, in order to provide a diversion for General Sterling Price's crossing of the Arkansas River west of Little Rock.[20] McCray's brigade functioned as the reserve for Shelby's attack on Ashley's Station and four other hay cutting stations west of DeValls Bluff, in which Shelby succeeded in capturing Colonel Greenville M. Mitchell, and over 500 troops of the 54th Illinois Infantry Regiment.[21] General Price crossed the Arkansas River near Dardanelle on September 7, 1864, on his way to link up with General Shelby at Batesville in order to preapare for his raid on Missouri.[22]

Major General Sterling Price issued General Order No. 8, dated September 18, 1864, which shifted the 46th, under the command of Colonel Coleman from Colonel McCray's brigade, in Major General James F. Fagan's division, to Brigadier General Joe Shelby's division of Missouri troops, of Sterling Price's Army of Missouri, for Price's Missouri Expedition (commonly referred to a Price's Raid).[23] The 46th is listed as an unattached command, (meaning not assigned to a brigade) in Shelby's division.[24][25] However reports of Union officers opposing Price indicate that the 46th was still included in Colonel McCray's Brigrade. Brigadier General Thomas Ewing, Jr., reporting on the composition of the Confederate forces which attacked Pilot Knob (Fort Davidson) on September 27, 1864, list Coleman's Regiment as being assigned to McCray's Brigade.[26] Lieutenant A.M. Jackson, reporting on the composition of Price's Army on November 3, 1864, lists McCray's Brigade as including, Colonel Reves, Colonel Crandell's (47th Arkansas), Colonel Baber's (45th Arkansas) and Colonel Crabtree's (46th Arkansas) Regiments.[27]

The confusion over which division the 46th Arkansas was assigned to and whether it was under the command of Colonel Coleman or Lieutenant Colonel Crabtree during Price's raid may be clarified by an article that Colonel Coleman wrote for the Confederate Veteran Magazine in May 1909. Coleman indicates that following Shelby's raid on Ashley's Station, he was sent north in to Missouri, ahead of Price's army, to organize new units. This he apparently did, joining Price's force in Missouri. Since Fagan's Division was intended to include all Arkansas Troops, while Marmaduke's Division was mainly Missouri troops, this would have left the 46th assigned to Fagan's Division, and probably McCray's Brigade, as described by Brigadier General Ewing and Lieutenant Jackson. Confederates often referred to regiments by the name of their commander, and Colonel Coleman's regiment is mentioned on several occasions in various reports from Price's Raid.[28] The 46th was involved in the following actions during Price's Raid:[29] Some of these reports appear to refer to the 46th Arkansas as Coleman's Regiment, and others appear to be describing the new command that Coleman organized at the very beginning of Price's Raid.

After the completion of Price's raid, the 46th was furloughed to return to the area from which it was recruited in order to forage and recover absentees and to return to the army at a prescribed date.[30] A scouting report made by Major Harris S. Greeno, of the 4th Arkansas Cavalry (U. S. Army), November 15, 1864, made from Devalls Bluff relayed information on the post raid condition of the 46th Arkansas Cavalry:

“…I captured 3 more deserters from Price's army at Fairview, who claimed to belong to Coleman's regiment. From these men I learned that Lieutenant-Colonel Crabtree, commanding Coleman's regiment, was marching in the direction of Searcy, and that he intended to make Searcy his headquarters…

From all the information I was able to obtain the condition of affairs in Northern Arkansas at the present time is as follows:.”[3]

There has already returned to Batesville, Jacksonport, and Searcy three regiments, all under Colonel McCray. These regiments are Coleman's, Crandall's, and Baber's. Coleman's regiment, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Crabtree, when all together, numbers about 300 men; Crandall's and Baber's some 250 each, but of these two-thirds of the men have deserted, and say they will never go out again. They have thrown away their arms and are nearly all at their homes. They are all greatly demoralized and discouraged; those I saw all agree in the statement that Price's army was badly whipped at every point, and all greatly demoralized, and large numbers are deserting.[3]

Major Greeno stated that he had attempted to engage Lieutenant Colonel Crabtree but the unit had scattered:[3]

“On the morning of the 12th instant I moved back with my command in the direction of Searcy, intending to hunt up Crabtree and give him fight. .... on the morning of the 13th instant I sent a detachment up the Searcy Valley to ascertain the whereabouts of the rebel forces. The detachment returned during the afternoon and reported that the regiment under Crabtree had scattered in every direction and would not give me a fight. We captured a Captain Bolton, of Coleman's regiment, and two of his men.”[3]

Lieutenant Colonel Crabtree was captured by Colonel Matterson of the Third Minnesota near Augusta, Arkansas, on December 15, 1864, along with approximately thirty of his men.[31]

The execution[edit]

A member of Company A, 46th Arkansas Mounted Infantry, Private Harvey H. Blackburn, was executed by Union authorities in retaliation for the alleged murder of Major James Wilson, Third Cavalry Missouri State Militia, and six men of his command by Confederate Colonel and alleged guerrilla Tim Reves during Price's Raid. Private Blackburn and the other men executed were not connected in any way with the incident, but were selected at random from among prisoners of war being held by the United States at Gratiot Street Military Prison, St. Louis, Missouri.[32]

HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF MISSOURI,

Office of the Provost-Marshall-General,
Saint Louis, Mo., October 29, 1864.
Col. J. V. Du Bois, Chief of Staff, in the Field:
Colonel--I have the honor to inform the commanding general that on this day the following rebel soldiers--James W. Gates, Company H, Third Missouri Cavalry, CSA; Harvey H. Blackburn, Company A, Coleman's regiment, CSA; John Nichols, Second Missouri Cavalry, CSA; Charles W. Minneken, Company A, Crabtree's cavalry, CSA; Asa V. Ladd, Burbridge's regiment, Missouri Cavalry; CSA; and George F. Bunch, Company B, Third Missouri Cavalry, CSA--were executed by being shot to death by musketry in retaliation for the murder of six men of the Third Cavalry Missouri State Militia by Tim Reves' guerrillas, and in compliance with Special Orders, No. 277, paragraph 12, dated Headquarters Department of the Missouri, Saint Louis, Missouri, October 6, 1864.
I respectfully inclose records in the case.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully,
JOSEPH DARR, Jr.,
Acting Provost-Marshall-General.[33]

Another soldier from the 46th Arkansas Mounted Infantry, John N. Ferguson, was also originally scheduled to be executed in the same action, but at the last minute his name was removed from the execution order because it was found that he had "never bore arms" and was only a teamster. Another soldier, Private George F. Bunch, Company B, Third Missouri Cavalry, who apparently had "borne arms", was substituted for Ferguson and was executed along with Private Blackburn on October 29, 1864. Despite his reprieve from execution, Ferguson did not survive his imprisonment. He died on April 5, 1865, while still a prisoner of war, and is buried at Jefferson Barracks.[34]

Surrender[edit]

Brigadier General M. Jeff Thompson surrendered his command at Chalk Bluff, Arkansas, on May 11, 1865, and agreed to have his men assemble at Wittsburg and Jacksonport, Arkansas, to lay down their arms and receive their paroles. Thompson's command was widely dispersed throughout northeast Arkansas, more for reasons of available forage than anything else. The 46th Arkansas Cavalry surrendered with its command structure intact and was paroled at Jacksonport on June 5, 1865.[35] At the time of the surrender, the regiment was assigned to the following command: Military Sub-District of Northeast Arkansas and Southeast Missouri, commanded by Brigadier General M. Jeff. Thompson (Surrendered at Jacksonport), McCray’s Brigade, commanded by Colonel Thomas H. McCray (Surrendered at Jacksonport), 46th Arkansas Mounted Infantry, commanded by Colonel William O. Coleman (Surrendered at Jacksonport).[35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, Confederate Arkansas Troops, 46th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry. Retrieved 3 December 2011
  2. ^ Sikakis, Stewart, Compendium of the Confederate Armies, Florida and Arkansas, Facts on File, Inc., 1992, ISBN 0-8160-2288-7, page 121.
  3. ^ a b c d e The War Of The Rebellion: A Compilation Of The Official Records Of The Union And Confederate Armies, Series I, Vol. XLI, Part I, Reports, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1893, P. 916., Accessed 6 January 2011, https://books.google.com/books?id=RdYUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA915&dq=Official+Records+Major+Harris+Greeno,+4th+Arkansas+Cavalry#v=onepage&q=Greeno&f=false
  4. ^ Martin, George, "Coleman's Missouri Cavalry", Missouri in the Civil War Message Board, Posted 31 December 2011, Accessed 9 January 2011, http://history-sites.com/cgi-bin/bbs53x/mocwmb2/webbbs_config.pl?read=18255
  5. ^ a b Tipton, Jay B. "", Arkansas in the Civil War Message Board, Posted 2 January 2012, Accessed 9 January 2012, http://history-sites.com/cgi-bin/bbs53x/arcwmb/webbbs_config.pl?read=25408
  6. ^ Sellmeyer, Deryl P.: "Jo Shelby's Iron Brigade", Pelican Publishing Company, 2007, ISBN 978-1-58980-430-2, page 184
  7. ^ Howerton, Bryan R.: "Re: Wm. H. Fisher, Crandall's 47 Cav. CSA", Arkansas in the Civil War Message Board, Posted 23 October 2008, Accessed 1 January 2012, http://history-sites.com/cgi-bin/bbs53x/arcwmb/webbbs_config.pl?read=19041
  8. ^ Confederate Veteran Magazine, Volume XVII, 1913, Page 212, Accessed 13 February 2012, https://archive.org/stream/confederateveter17conf#page/212/mode/2up
  9. ^ Howerton, Bryan R.: "Re: 46th Ark. Cavalry = 46th Ark. Mounted Infantry", Arkansas in the Civil War Message Board, Posted 9 November 2002, Accessed 1 January 2012, http://history-sites.com/mb/cw/arcwmb/archive_index.cgi?noframes;read=23921
  10. ^ Howerton, Bryan R.: "Re: Crabtree's 46th Cavalry", Arkansas in the Civil War Message Board, Posted 24 March 2007, Accessed 9 January 2012, http://history-sites.com/cgi-bin/bbs53x/arcwmb/webbbs_config.pl?read=15221
  11. ^ a b Howerton, Bryan R.: "In Response To: 45th Arkansas Cavalry (Jo Bennett)", Arkansas in the Civil War Message Board, Posted 16 April 2004, Accessed 1 January 2012, http://history-sites.com/mb/cw/arcwmb/archive_index.cgi?noframes;read=7086
  12. ^ Howerton, Bryan R.: "46th Crabtree's Regiment Arkansas Cavalry", Edward G. Gerdes Civil War Page, Accessed 9 January 2012, http://www.couchgenweb.com/civilwar/46th.htm
  13. ^ Allardice, Bruce S.: "Confederate Colonels: A Biographical Register," (University of Missouri Press 2008), Pages 112-3.
  14. ^ United States. War Dept. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 41, In Four Parts. Part 2, Correspondence, Etc., Book, 1893; digital images, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth145054/m1/1025/?q=McCray : accessed March 29, 2013), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries, Denton, Texas.
  15. ^ United States. War Dept.. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 41, In Four Parts. Part 2, Correspondence, Etc., Book, 1893; digital images, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth145054/m1/521/?q=McCray : accessed March 29, 2013), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries, Denton, Texas.
  16. ^ a b United States. War Dept.. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 41, In Four Parts. Part 1, Reports., Book, 1893; digital images, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth145053/m1/45/?q=McCray : accessed March 29, 2013), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries, Denton, Texas.
  17. ^ United States. War Dept.. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 41, In Four Parts. Part 2, Correspondence, Etc., Book, 1893; digital images, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth145054/m1/248/?q=McCray : accessed March 29, 2013), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries, Denton, Texas.
  18. ^ United States. War Dept.. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 41, In Four Parts. Part 1, Reports., Book, 1893; digital images, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth145053/m1/239/?q=McCray : accessed March 29, 2013), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries, Denton, Texas.
  19. ^ Christ, Mark K. "Action at Ashley's Station", The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture, The Central Arkansas Library System, Accessed 29 March 2013, http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=1139
  20. ^ United States. War Dept.. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 41, In Four Parts. Part 1, Reports., Book, 1893; digital images, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth145053/m1/667/?q=McCray : accessed March 29, 2013), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries, Denton, Texas.
  21. ^ Thunder Across the Arkansas Prairie: Shelby's Opening Salvo in the 1864 Invasion of Missouri by Scott A. Porter, Arkansas Historical Quarterly 66(1):43-56 Spr 2007
  22. ^ Report of Maj. Gen. Sterling Price, C. S. Army. AUGUST 29-DECEMBER 2, 1864. Price's Missouri Expedition. Accessed 29 March 2012, http://www.civilwarhome.com/price.htm
  23. ^ United States. War Dept.. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 41, In Four Parts. Part 3, Correspondence, Etc., Book, 1893; digital images, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth145055/m1/943/?q=McCray : accessed March 29, 2013), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries, Denton, Texas.
  24. ^ United States. War Dept. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 41, In Four Parts. Part 1, Reports., Book, 1893; digital images, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth145053/m1/658/?q=McCray : accessed January 14, 2012), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries, Denton, Texas. P. 641, Accessed 14 January 2012, http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth145053/m1/658/?q=Coleman
  25. ^ Howerton, Bryan R.: "General Orders No. 8", Arkansas in the Civil War Message Board, PosCted 8 July 2004, Accessed 12 January 2012, http://history-sites.com/mb/cw/arcwmb/archive_index.cgi?noframes;read=7851
  26. ^ United States. War Dept.. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 41, In Four Parts. Part 4, Correspondence, Etc., Book, 1893; digital images, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth145061/m1/109/?q=McCray : accessed April 01, 2013), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries, Denton, Texas.
  27. ^ United States. War Dept.. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 41, In Four Parts. Part 4, Correspondence, Etc., Book, 1893; digital images, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth145061/m1/412/?q=McCray : accessed April 01, 2013), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries, Denton, Texas.
  28. ^ The War Of The Rebellion: A Compilation Of The Official Records Of The Union And Confederate Armies, Series I, Vol. XLI, Part I, Reports, Washington: Government Printing Office, 1893, Pages. 28, 192, 432, 627, 642, 675, 677, 800, 801., Accessed 6 January 2011, https://books.google.com/books?id=RdYUAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA915&dq=Official+Records+Major+Harris+Greeno,+4th+Arkansas+Cavalry#v=snippet&q=Coleman&f=false
  29. ^ Sikakis, Stewart, Compendium of the Confederate Armies, Florida and Arkansas, Facts on File, Inc., 1992, ISBN 0-8160-2288-7, page 120.
  30. ^ Report of Maj. Gen. Sterling Price. Price's 1864 Missouri Expedition, WASHINGTON, ARK., December 28, 1864. as reproduced by the Missouri Division, Sons of Confederate Veterans, Accessed 3 January 2012, http://www.missouridivision-scv.org/pricereport1864raid.htm
  31. ^ United States. War Dept.. The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union And Confederate Armies. Series 1, Volume 41, In Four Parts. Part 4, Correspondence, Etc., Book, 1893; digital images, (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth145061/ : accessed April 02, 2013), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries, Denton, Texas.
  32. ^ Howerton, Bryan R. "In Response To: 46th Arkansas(Mounted)", Arkansas in the Civil War Message Board, Posted 30 October 2002, Accessed 10 January 2012, http://history-sites.com/mb/cw/arcwmb/archive_index.cgi?noframes;read=2309
  33. ^ Gerdes, Edward G.; "Official Records" regarding the execution", Edward G. Gerdes Civil War Page, Accessed 10 January 2012, http://www.couchgenweb.com/civilwar/46thor.htm
  34. ^ Gerdes, Edward G.; "46TH (CRABTREE'S) REGIMENT ARKANSAS CAVALRY", Edward G. Gerdes Civil War Page, Accessed 10 January 2012, http://www.couchgenweb.com/civilwar/46th.htm
  35. ^ a b Howerton, Bryan R. "Re: Jacksonport 1865 surrender list?", Arkansas in the Civil War Message Board, Posted 1 January 2004, Accessed 1 January 2012, http://history-sites.com/mb/cw/arcwmb/archive_index.cgi?noframes;read=6006 Archived 2012-04-06 at the Wayback Machine.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Allen, Desmond Walls. (1988). Forty-fifth Arkansas Confederate Cavalry. Conway, AR: Arkansas Research. ISBN 0-941765-36-9.
  • Castel, Albert. (1968). General Sterling Price and the Civil War in the West. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press.
  • Kerby, Robert L. (1972). Kirby Smith's Confederacy: The Trans-Mississippi South, 1863-1865. Tuscaloosa, AL: The University of Alabama Press.
  • Mobley, Freeman. (2005). Making Sense of the Civil War in Batesville-Jacksonport and Northeast Arkansas, 1861-1874. Batesville, AR: P.D. Printing.
  • Monaghan, Jay. (1956). Swamp Fox of the Confederacy: The Life and Military Services of M. Jeff Thompson. Tuscaloosa, AL: Confederate Publishing Co.
  • Donat, P. Fagan's Attack on Fayetteville. Flashback, 35, No. 4 (November 1985): 8-13.
  • Feathers, Tom C. "The History of Military Activities in the Vicinity of Fayetteville Arkansas, Including the Battle of Fayetteville and the Siege of Fayetteville During the War Between the States." Washington County Flashback, 3 (April 1953): 2-33.

External links