46th New Zealand Parliament

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The 46th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. Its composition was determined by the 1999 election, and it sat until the 2002 election.

The 46th Parliament marked a change of government, with a coalition of the Labour Party and the Alliance taking office. Helen Clark replaced Jenny Shipley as Prime Minister. The National Party, which had formed a minority government for the last part of the 45th Parliament, became the largest opposition party, eventually emerging under a new leader, Bill English. Other parties in Parliament were ACT, the Greens, New Zealand First, and United. Several parties represented at the end of the previous Parliament, such as Mauri Pacific, were wiped out, failing to retain any of their seats.

The 46th Parliament consisted of one hundred and twenty representatives. Sixty-seven of these representatives were chosen by geographical electorates, including six Māori electorates. The remainder were elected by means of party-list proportional representation under the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) electoral system.

Electoral boundaries for the 46th Parliament[edit]

NewZealandElectorates1999-Labeled.png

Initial composition of the 46th Parliament[edit]

The table below shows the results of the 1999 general election:

Key

 National    Labour    Alliance    Green  
 ACT    United NZ    NZ First    Mauri Pacific  
Electorate results of the New Zealand general election, 1999[1]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up Third place
General electorates
Albany Murray McCully Hamish McCracken Heather Ann McConachy
Aoraki Jim Sutton Wayne F Marriott Lynley Simmons
Auckland Central Judith Tizard Martin Poulsen Sandra Lee
Banks Peninsula David Carter Ruth Dyson David Carter Maevis Watson
Bay of Plenty Tony Ryall Terry Hughes Peter Brown
Christchurch Central Tim Barnett John Stringer Liz Gordon
Christchurch East Larry Sutherland Lianne Dalziel John Knox Paul Piesse
Clutha-Southland Bill English Lesley Soper Dave Mackie
Coromandel Murray McLean Jeanette Fitzsimons Murray McLean Margaret Hawkeswood
Dunedin North Pete Hodgson Katherine Rich Quentin Findlay
Dunedin South Michael Cullen David Benson-Pope Russel Keast Mark Ryan
East Coast New electorate Janet Mackey Matthew Parkinson Gavin MacLean
Epsom Christine Fletcher Richard Worth Rodney Hide David Jacobs
Hamilton East Tony Steel Dianne Yates Peter Jamieson
Hamilton West Bob Simcock Martin Gallagher Bob Simcock Dave Macpherson
Hunua Warren Kyd Paul Schofield Janice Graham
Hutt South Trevor Mallard Clare Radomske Christopher Milne
Ilam Gerry Brownlee Alison Wilkie Lois Griffiths
Invercargill Mark Peck Eric Roy Stephnie de Ruyter
Kaikoura Doug Kidd Lynda Scott Brian McNamara Ian Ewen-Street
Karapiro John Luxton Lindsay Tisch Paul Cronin John Pemberton
Mana Graham Kelly Mark Thomas Moira Ann Lawler
Māngere Taito Phillip Field Sylvia Taylor Finau Kolo
Manukau East Ross Robertson Ken Yee Charles Lowndes
Manurewa George Hawkins Enosa Auva'a Toia Lucas
Maungakiekie Belinda Vernon Mark Gosche Belinda Vernon Matt Robson
Mount Albert New electorate Helen Clark Noelene Buckland Jill Ovens
Mount Roskill New electorate Phil Goff Phil Raffills Sarah Martin
Napier Geoff Braybrooke Anne Tolley Robin Gwynn
Nelson Nick Smith Simon Fraser Mary Ellen O'Connor
New Plymouth Harry Duynhoven Len Jury Tom Smithers[nb 1]
North Shore Wayne Mapp Helen Duncan Michael Pinkney
Northcote Ian Revell Ann Hartley Ian Revell Grant Gillon
Northland John Carter Les Robertson Ian Walker
Ohariu-Belmont Peter Dunne Derek Best Kathryn Asare
Otago Gavan Herlihy Val Dearman Bill Holvey
Otaki Judy Keall Roger Sowry Russell Franklin
Pakuranga Maurice Williamson Patrick Hine Dick Quax
Palmerston North Steve Maharey George Halligan John Gerard Hehir
Port Waikato Bill Birch Paul Hutchison Trish Ryan David Fowler
Rakaia Jenny Shipley Diane Schurgers Annabel Taylor
Rangitikei Denis Marshall Simon Power Craig Walsham Dion Martin
Rimutaka Paul Swain Stuart Blair Roddick Brendan Tracey
Rodney Lockwood Smith Mark Domney Jill Jeffs
Rongotai Annette King Stuart Boag Richard Wernham
Rotorua Max Bradford Steve Chadwick Max Bradford Lynne Dempsey
Tamaki Clem Simich Lynne Pillay Alex Swney
Taranaki-King Country Shane Ardern John Young Kevin Campbell
Taupo Mark Burton David Steele Nick Fisher
Tauranga Winston Peters Katherine O'Regan Margaret Wilson
Te Atatu New electorate Chris Carter Vanessa Neeson Laila Harré
Titirangi New electorate David Cunliffe Marie Hasler Stephen Abel
Tukituki Rick Barker Larry White John Ormond
Waimakariri Mike Moore Clayton Cosgrove Gideon Couper John Wright
Wairarapa Wyatt Creech Georgina Beyer Paul Henry Cathy Casey
Waitakere Marie Hasler Brian Neeson Jonathan Hunt David Clendon
Wellington Central Richard Prebble Marian Hobbs Richard Prebble Michael Appleby[nb 2]
West Coast-Tasman Damien O'Connor Rod O'Beirne Pat O'Dea
Whanganui Jill Pettis Chester Borrows Mark Middleton
Whangarei John Banks Phil Heatley Denise Jelicich Brian Donnelly
Wigram Jim Anderton Angus McKay Mike Mora
Māori electorates
Hauraki Maori New electorate John Tamihere Josie Anderson Willie Jackson
Ikaroa-Rāwhiti New electorate Parekura Horomia Derek Fox Bill Gudgeon
Te Tai Hauāuru Tuku Morgan Nanaia Mahuta Lorraine Anderson Tuku Morgan[nb 3]
Te Tai Tokerau Tau Henare Dover Samuels Anaru George Tau Henare[nb 4]
Te Tai Tonga Tu Wyllie Mahara Okeroa Tu Wyllie Vern Winitana
Waiariki New electorate Mita Ririnui Tuariki Delamere[nb 5] Arapeta Tahana

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Smithers stood for Future New Zealand in New Plymouth
  2. ^ Appleby stood for the Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party in Wellington Central
  3. ^ Morgan stood for Mauri Pacific in Te Tai Hauauru
  4. ^ Henare stood for Mauri Pacific in Te Tai Tokerau
  5. ^ Delamere stood for Te Tawharau in Waiariki

Changes during term[edit]

There were no by-elections held during the term of the 46th Parliament.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Candidate Vote Details". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 9 April 2014.