478 BC

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
478 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar478 BC
Ab urbe condita276
Ancient Egypt eraXXVII dynasty, 48
- PharaohXerxes I of Persia, 8
Ancient Greek era75th Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar4273
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−1070
Berber calendar473
Buddhist calendar67
Burmese calendar−1115
Byzantine calendar5031–5032
Chinese calendar壬戌年 (Water Dog)
2219 or 2159
    — to —
癸亥年 (Water Pig)
2220 or 2160
Coptic calendar−761 – −760
Discordian calendar689
Ethiopian calendar−485 – −484
Hebrew calendar3283–3284
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−421 – −420
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2623–2624
Holocene calendar9523
Iranian calendar1099 BP – 1098 BP
Islamic calendar1133 BH – 1132 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar1856
Minguo calendar2389 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1945
Thai solar calendar65–66
Tibetan calendar阳水狗年
(male Water-Dog)
−351 or −732 or −1504
    — to —
(female Water-Pig)
−350 or −731 or −1503

Year 478 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Mamercus and Structus (or, less frequently, year 276 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 478 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • Despite Spartan opposition, Athens works on refortifying and rebuilding after the Persian destruction of the city in 479.
  • The Delian League is established[1]
  • With the help of the Athenian statesman and general, Cimon, Aristides commands an Athenian fleet of 30 ships that the Spartan commander Pausanias leads to capture the Greek cities on Cyprus and Byzantium, taking them from the Persians and their Phoenician allies.[2]
  • While Pausanias is occupying Byzantium, his arrogance and his adoption of Persian clothing and manners offends the allies and raises suspicions of disloyalty. Pausanias is recalled to Sparta, where he is tried and acquitted of the charge of treason, but he is not restored to his command.






  1. ^ Hammond, N. G. L. (1967). "The Origins and the Nature of the Athenian Alliance of 478/7 B. C." The Journal of Hellenic Studies. 87: 41–61. doi:10.2307/627806. ISSN 0075-4269.
  2. ^ Balcer, Jack Martin (1997). "The Liberation of Ionia: 478 B.C." Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte. 46 (3): 374–377. ISSN 0018-2311.