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|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Centuries:||6th century BC – 5th century BC – 4th century BC|
|Decades:||510s BC 500s BC 490s BC – 480s BC – 470s BC 460s BC 450s BC|
|Years:||489 BC 488 BC 487 BC 486 BC 485 BC 484 BC 483 BC 482 BC 481 BC 480 BC|
|Births – Deaths|
- 1 Events
- 1.1 489 BC
- 1.2 488 BC
- 1.3 487 BC
- 1.4 486 BC
- 1.5 485 BC
- 1.6 484 BC
- 1.7 483 BC
- 1.8 482 BC
- 1.9 481 BC
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 References
- After his great victory in the Battle of Marathon, Miltiades leads a naval expedition to Paros to pay off a private score. However, the expedition is unsuccessful and, on his return, he is fined in a prosecution led by Xanthippus and put in prison where he dies of wounds received at Paros.
- The Athenian soldier and statesman, Aristides "the Just", is made chief archon of Athens.
- Gaius Marcius Coriolanus and Attius Tullus Aufidius, leading an army of the Volsci, besiege Rome. Coriolanus' mother and wife convince him to break off the siege. In recognition of the service of these women, a temple is erected in Rome dedicated to Fortuna. Subsequently, the Volsci and their allies the Aequi have a falling out, and their armies fight as a result, significantly diminishing the strength of each of them.
|488 BC by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||488 BC
|Ab urbe condita||266|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXVII dynasty, 38|
|- Pharaoh||Darius I of Persia, 34|
|Ancient Greek era||73rd Olympiad (victor)¹|
|Chinese calendar||壬子年 (Water Rat)
2209 or 2149
— to —
癸丑年 (Water Ox)
2210 or 2150
|Coptic calendar||−771 – −770|
|Ethiopian calendar||−495 – −494|
|- Vikram Samvat||−431 – −430|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||2614–2615|
|Iranian calendar||1109 BP – 1108 BP|
|Islamic calendar||1143 BH – 1142 BH|
|Minguo calendar||2399 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||55–56|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 488 BC.|
- The island of Aegina and the city of Athens go to war. The island has earned the enmity of Athens by earlier submitting to the Persians. The Spartan King, Leotychidas, tries unsuccessfully to arrange a truce in the war.
- The Athenian Archonship becomes elective by lot from all the citizens, an important milestone in the move towards radical Athenian democracy. There are nine archons and a secretary. Three of the archons have special functions: the basileus, or sovereign; the polemarch (originally a military commander); and the archon eponymous (chief magistrate), who gave his name to the year.
- Wars are fought between Rome and each of the Volsci and the Hernici. Rome prevails in both disputes.
- Egypt revolts against Persian rule upon the death of king Darius I. The revolts, probably led by Libyans of the western Delta, are crushed the next year by Xerxes, who reduces Egypt to the status of a conquered province.
- Rome enters into a new treaty with the Hernici.
- During his third consulate, the Roman consul Spurius Cassius Viscellinus proposes an agrarian law to assist needy plebeians. The proposal is vehemently opposed by the patricians including the other consul Proculus Verginius Tricostus Rutilus, and the plebs turn against the proposal. In the following year Cassius is condemned and executed for high treason.
- The first part of the Grand Canal of China is built during the reign of King Fuchai of Wu. It links the Yangtze River with the Huai River, and is a measure to ship amble amount of supplies north for intended wars with the northern states of Song and Lu.
- The construction of a relief in the Apadana, a ceremonial complex at Persepolis, is finished. It shows Darius and Xerxes receiving tribute and is now kept in the Iranbustan Museum in Tehran.
- Darius I, one of the greatest rulers of the Achaemenid dynasty of Persia, dies and is succeeded by his son, Xerxes I. During this time the Persian empire extends as far west as Macedonia and Libya and as far east as the Hyphasis (Beas) River; it stretches to the Caucasus Mountains and the Aral Sea in the north and to the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Desert in the south.
- Gelo, the tyrant of Gela, takes advantage of an appeal by the descendants of the first colonist of Syracuse, the Gamoroi, who had held power until they were expelled by the Killichiroi, the lower class of the city, and makes himself master of that city, leaving his brother Hieron to control Gela.
- Three times Roman consul Spurius Cassius Viscellinus is tried, condemned and executed for high treason.
- The consul Quintus Fabius Vibulanus defeated the Volsci and Aequi in battle, but incurred the anger of the plebs by lodging the spoils of victory with the publicum.
- Xerxes I quells the Egyptian revolt against Persian rule. He ravages the Delta region in the process and then appoints his brother Achaemenes satrap (governor) of Egypt.
- Despite an attempt at rebellion, the land and city of Babylon remains solidly under Persian rule.
- Xerxes I of Persia is encouraged by his cousin and brother-in-law, Mardonius, supported by a strong party of exiled Greeks, to take revenge for the defeat that Darius I suffered at the hands of the Greeks at Marathon in 490 BC. In response, Xerxes prepares for a major expedition to crush the Greeks. To avoid a repeat of the significant losses to the Persian fleet that occurred in 492 BC, Xerxes has a canal cut through the promontory of Mount Athos.
- The Athenian archon Themistocles realises that the Greeks need to be able to beat the Persians at sea. To carry out this strategy, however, Athens needs far more warships (that is to say the newly developed, specialised triremes) than the 70 it has. Themistocles is initially opposed by other Athenian leaders. However, when the state-owned silver mines at Laurium become the site of a rich strike, Themistocles persuades the assembly, instead of "declaring a dividend," to devote the whole surplus to increasing the navy to a proposed 200 ships.
- The Buddhist relics are divided into 8 portions and placed in 8 reliquaries. Each reliquary is then encased in its own burial mound, called stupa. King Ashoka opens the original 8 stupas and divides their relics among many more stupas, probably including the one at Sanchi (approximate date).
- Gelo, the tyrant of Syracuse conquers the nearby Sicilian cities of Euboea and Megara Hyblaea, selling their common people into slavery and bringing their oligarchs to Syracuse.
- Commencement of the Fabian war with Veii.
- Ongoing hostilities with the Volsci.
- Punishment of the vestal virgin Oppia for a breach of chastity.
- The Athenian archon Themistocles secures the ostracism of his opponents and becomes the political leader of Athens. The Athenian soldier and statesman, Aristides, is one of those ostracised due to his opposition to Themistocles' naval policy.
- While King Fuchai of Wu attends a meeting in Huangchi, in an attempt to gain hegemony over all the other duchies of Zhou Dynasty China, his capital city in the State of Wu is captured in a surprise assault by King Goujian of Yue. In 473 BC the State of Wu will finally be annexed by the State of Yue.
- Continuation of hostilities with the Aequi.
- Continuation of hostilities with Veii. The Veientine army enters Roman territory and ravages the countryside.
- The Persian King Xerxes I arrives at Sardis and begins to build up his great army and navy for the invasion of Greece. Egypt contributes 481 ships.
- The Congress at the Isthmus of Corinth, under the presidency of Sparta, brings together a number of the Greek city states, who agree to the end of the war between Athens and Aegina. They also discuss the threat from the Persians. Athens is unwilling to place her forces under Sparta and its king Leonidas. Gelo, tyrant of Syracuse, wants high command, but Sparta and Athens refuse. However, during the Congress, Gelo has to withdraw due to Carthage's plans to invade Sicily. Finally, Themistocles agrees that Athens' navy serve under a Spartan admiral to achieve the unity of the Greek states. Nevertheless, Thebes and Thessaly are unwilling to support Athens against the Persians and Crete decides to remain neutral.
- The Spring and Autumn Period, which has begun in 722 BC, ends, while the Warring States period officially begins in 403 BC.
- 484 BC
- 483 BC – Gorgias, Greek philosopher (approximate date)
- 481 BC – Protagoras – Greek presocratic philosopher
- 480 BC
- 488 BC – Miltiades, Athenian general
- 485 BC – Darius I, ruler of ancient Persia
- May 483 BC – Gautama Buddha, founder of Buddhism
- 481 BC – Ssu-ma Niu – highest ranking aristocrat among disciples of Confucius
- 480 BC