48 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
48 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar48 BC
Ab urbe condita706
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 276
- PharaohCleopatra VII, 4
Ancient Greek era183rd Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4703
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−640
Berber calendar903
Buddhist calendar497
Burmese calendar−685
Byzantine calendar5461–5462
Chinese calendar壬申年 (Water Monkey)
2649 or 2589
    — to —
癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
2650 or 2590
Coptic calendar−331 – −330
Discordian calendar1119
Ethiopian calendar−55 – −54
Hebrew calendar3713–3714
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat9–10
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga3053–3054
Holocene calendar9953
Iranian calendar669 BP – 668 BP
Islamic calendar690 BH – 689 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2286
Minguo calendar1959 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1515
Seleucid era264/265 AG
Thai solar calendar495–496
Tibetan calendar阳水猴年
(male Water-Monkey)
79 or −302 or −1074
    — to —
(female Water-Rooster)
80 or −301 or −1073

Year 48 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caesar and Vatia (or, less frequently, year 706 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 48 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]


  • September 28 – Pompey the Great is assassinated on the orders of King Ptolemy XIII, after landing in Egypt (may have occurred September 29, records unclear).
  • October – Julius Caesar reaches Alexandria, a city founded by Alexander the Great. He is met by an Egyptian delegation from Ptolemy XIII. The Egyptians offer him gifts: the ring of Pompey and his head.
  • Queen Cleopatra VII returns to the palace rolled into a Persian carpet and has it presented to Caesar by her servant. The Egyptian princess, only twenty-one years old, becomes his mistress.
  • December – Battle in Alexandria: Forces of Caesar and his ally Cleopatra VII and those of rival King Ptolemy XIII and Queen Arsinoe IV. The latter two are defeated and flee the city, but during the battle part of the Library of Alexandria catches fire.





  1. ^ "Pompey the Great | Roman statesman | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved December 2, 2022.