48th (Northamptonshire) Regiment of Foot
|48th (Northamptonshire) Regiment of Foot|
|Active||1741 to 1881.|
|Nickname(s)||"The Heroes of Talavera", "Murray's Bucks", "The Surprisers", "Lacedemonians".|
|Colours||Buff Facings, Gold Braided Lace|
|March||Quick: Rule Britannia/Speed The Plough
Slow: The Northamptonshire
|Engagements||Douro (1809), Talavera (1809), Albuhera (1811), Badajoz (1812), Salamanca (1812), Vittoria (1813), Pyrenees (1813), Nivelle (1813), Orthes (1814), Toulouse (1814), Peninsular War (1808–1814), Sevastopol (1854-55)|
The 48th (Northamptonshire) Regiment of Foot was a regiment of the British Army.
The regiment was first raised in 1741 as James Cholmondeley's Regiment of Foot in Norwich, England during the War of Austrian Succession. The regiment first saw action at the Battles of Falkirk and Culloden in 1745-1746, campaigning against the Young Pretender. In 1748, it was renumbered as the 48th Regiment of Foot. The 48th took part in the French and Indian War, being part of General Edward Braddock's ill-fated expedition of 1755, and they received their first battle honour in the Americas at the Battle of Louisburg, although the Regiment did not receive their due honour for this until 1882. The 48th was part of General James Wolfe's capture of Quebec in 1759.
Suffering from loss of men in battle, captivity and disease, the 48th was repatriated back to England in 1780. The Regiment was relocated to Northampton District and then became known as the Northamptonshire Regiment.
The Battle Honour 'Gibraltar' was gained following the Childers Reforms 1881 which saw the 58th (Rutlandshire) Regiment united with the 48th to form the Northamptonshire Regiment.
The regiment then fought as part of the Duke of Wellington's army for the duration of the Peninsular War against Napoleonic France. The regiments most famous battle honour was gained in at the Battle of Talavera in 1809. The regiment also participated in the battles of Douro (1809), Albuhera (1811), Badajoz (1812), Salamanca (1812), Vittoria (1813), Pyrenees (1813), Nivelle (1813), Orthes (1814) and Toulouse (1814). At the Battle of Albuera it lost its Colonel, George Henry Duckworth, son of Admiral Duckworth.
From 1817 until 1824, the 48th Regiment of Foot was stationed variously in Australia. They were stationed at Sydney, Newcastle, Port Macquarie, Van Diemens Land, & Parramatta. At the time their commanding officer was Lieutenant Colonel J. Erskine.
In 1881, the 48th was united with 58th (Rutlandshire) Regiment of Foot, to form The Northamptonshire Regiment. The 48th became the 1st Battalion. The Northamptonshire Regiment fought in World War I seeing action at the Battles of the Marne, Ypres and Somme.
In 1960, it was amalgamated with 1st Battalion, The Royal Lincolnshire Regiment, to form the 1st Battalion, 2nd East Anglian Regiment (Duchess of Gloucester's Own Royal Lincolnshire and Northamptonshire).
Battle honours won by the regiment were:
- Peninsular War: Douro, Talavera, Albuhera, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula
- Crimean War: Sevastopol
- Louisburg, Quebec 1759 (awarded to successor regiment, 1882)
- Martinique 1762, Havannah (awarded to successor regiment, 1909)
Colonels of the Regiment
Colonels of the regiment were:
- 1741.01.13 Gen. Hon. James Cholmondeley
- 1743.03.14 Col. Lord Henry Beauclerk
- 1745.04.22 Col. Francis Ligonier
- 1746.04.06 F.M. Hon. Henry Seymour Conway
- 1749.07.24 Maj-Gen. George Byng, 3rd Viscount Torrington
The 48th Regiment of Foot - (1748)
- 1750.08.11 Lt-Gen. William Home, 8th Earl of Home
- 1752.04.29 Lt-Gen. Thomas Dunbar
- 1755.11.11 Lt-Gen. Daniel Webb
- 1766.12.18 Lt-Gen. William Browne
- 1773.12.15 Lt-Gen. William Alexander Sorrell
The 48th (Northamptonshire) Regiment - (1782)
- 1783.03.31 Lt-Gen. Robert Skene
- 1787.05.23 Gen. Patrick Tonyn
- 1805.01.01 Gen. Lord Charles FitzRoy
- 1829.12.25 Gen. Sir Thomas Hislop, 1st Baronet, GCB
- 1843.05.31 Lt-Gen. George Middlemore
- 1850.11.25 Gen. Sir James Henry Reynett, KCB, KCH
- 1864.08.10 Gen. Arthur Dalzell, 9th Earl of Carnwath
- 1875.04.29 Gen. William Anson McCleverty
Citations and notes
- 48th Foot .The Northamptonshire Regiment 1817 - 1824
- Royal Anglian Regiment Museum
- p.173, Debrett
- "48th (Northampton) Regiment of Foot". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 13 October 2007. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
- Debrett, John, Debrett's baronetage of England revised, corrected and continued by George William Collen, William Pickering Publisher, London 1840