48th United States Congress

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48th United States Congress
47th ← → 49th
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1883 – March 4, 1885

Senate President: Vacant
Senate Pres. pro tem: George F. Edmunds (R)
House Speaker: John G. Carlisle (D)
Members: 76 Senators
325 Representatives
8 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Democratic

1st: December 3, 1883 – July 7, 1884
2nd: December 1, 1884 – March 3, 1885

The Forty-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1883 to March 4, 1885, during the last two years of the administration of U.S. President Chester A. Arthur. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Tenth Census of the United States in 1880. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.


Major events[edit]

Washington Monument (seen here in 2006) was completed December 6, 1884.

Major legislation[edit]

Territories organized[edit]

Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
End of the previous congress 37 1 1 37 76 0
Begin 36 0 2 37 75 1
End 38 76 0
Final voting share 47.4% 0.0% 2.6% 50.0%
Beginning of the next congress 34 0 2 37 73 3

House of Representatives[edit]

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80.1-100% Democratic
  80.1-100% Republican
  60.1-80% Democratic
  60.1-80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican

TOTAL members: 325



House of Representatives[edit]


This list is arranged by chamber, then by state.

Skip to House of Representatives, below


Senators are listed by their states and Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

House of Representatives[edit]

Members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • replacements: 1
  • Deaths: 1
  • Resignations: 0
  • Interim appointment: 1
  • Late election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 3
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
New Hampshire (2) Vacant Legislature had failed to elect.
Senator elected August 2, 1883.
Austin F. Pike (R) August 2, 1883
Rhode Island (2) Henry B. Anthony (R) Incumbent died September 2, 1884.
Successor appointed November 19, 1884.
William P. Sheffield (R) November 19, 1884
Rhode Island (2) William P. Sheffield (R) Interim appointee replaced by successor elected January 20, 1885. Jonathan Chace (R) January 20, 1885

House of Representatives[edit]

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
Mississippi 2nd Vacant Chalmers took seat after an election contest with Van H. Manning who challenged his election James R. Chalmers (I) June 25, 1884
West Virginia 3rd John E. Kenna (D) Resigned March 4, 1883 after being elected to the US Senate Charles P. Snyder (D) May 15, 1883
Alabama 1st Thomas H. Herndon (D) Died March 28, 1883 James T. Jones (D) December 3, 1883
Virginia 7th John Paul (D) Resigned September 5, 1883 after being appointed judge of the US District Court of the Western District of Virginia. The House election was subsequently contested. Charles T. O'Ferrall (D) May 5, 1884
Kansas 2nd Dudley C. Haskell (R) Died December 16, 1883 Edward H. Funston (R) March 21, 1884
North Carolina 1st Walter F. Pool (R) Died August 25, 1883 Thomas G. Skinner (D) November 20, 1883
Massachusetts 12th George D. Robinson (R) Resigned January 7, 1884 after being elected Governor of Massachusetts Francis W. Rockwell (R) January 17, 1884
South Carolina 7th Edmund W. M. Mackey (R) Died January 27, 1884 Robert Smalls (R) March 18, 1884
New Mexico Territory At-large Tranquilino Luna (R) Lost contested election March 5, 1884 Francisco A. Manzanares (D) March 5, 1884
Virginia 1st Robert M. Mayo (Readjuster) Lost contested election March 20, 1884 George T. Garrison (D) March 20, 1884
Indiana 7th Stanton J. Peelle (R) Lost contested election May 22, 1884 William E. English (D) May 22, 1884
Ohio 18th William McKinley (R) Lost contested election May 27, 1884 Jonathan H. Wallace (D) May 27, 1884
Ohio 7th Henry L. Morey (R) Lost contested election June 20, 1884 James E. Campbell (D) June 20, 1884
Iowa 7th John A. Kasson (R) Resigned July 13, 1884 after being appointed Minister to Germany Hiram Y. Smith (R) December 2, 1884
Indiana 13th William H. Calkins (R) Resigned October 20, 1884 Benjamin F. Shively (Anti-Monopoly) December 1, 1884
South Carolina 4th John H. Evins (D) Died October 20, 1884 John Bratton (D) December 8, 1884
Pennsylvania 19th William A. Duncan (D) Died November 14, 1884 John A. Swope (D) December 23, 1884
North Carolina 5th Alfred M. Scales (D) Resigned December 30, 1884 after being elected Governor of North Carolina James W. Reid (D) January 28, 1885
Alabama 4th Charles M. Shelley (D) Lost contested election January 9, 1885 George H. Craig (R) January 9, 1885
Ohio 9th James S. Robinson (R) Resigned January 12, 1885 after becoming Ohio Secretary of State Vacant Not filled this term
Rhode Island 2nd Jonathan Chace (R) Resigned January 26, 1885 after being elected to the US Senate Nathan F. Dixon III (R) February 12, 1885
Arkansas 2nd James K. Jones (D) Resigned February 19, 1885 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant Not filled this term
Iowa 5th James Wilson (R) Lost contested election March 3, 1885 Benjamin T. Frederick (D) March 3, 1885
Iowa 6th Marsena E. Cutts (R) Lost contested election March 3, 1885 John C. Cook (D) March 3, 1885


Lists of committees and their party leaders.


House of Representatives[edit]

Joint committees[edit]



House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]


  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]