493 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
493 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 493 BC
Ab urbe condita 261
Ancient Egypt era XXVII dynasty, 33
- Pharaoh Darius I of Persia, 29
Ancient Greek era 71st Olympiad, year 4
Assyrian calendar 4258
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −1085
Berber calendar 458
Buddhist calendar 52
Burmese calendar −1130
Byzantine calendar 5016–5017
Chinese calendar 丁未(Fire Goat)
2204 or 2144
    — to —
戊申年 (Earth Monkey)
2205 or 2145
Coptic calendar −776 – −775
Discordian calendar 674
Ethiopian calendar −500 – −499
Hebrew calendar 3268–3269
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −436 – −435
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2608–2609
Holocene calendar 9508
Iranian calendar 1114 BP – 1113 BP
Islamic calendar 1148 BH – 1147 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1841
Minguo calendar 2404 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1960
Thai solar calendar 50–51
Tibetan calendar 阴火羊年
(female Fire-Goat)
−366 or −747 or −1519
    — to —
(male Earth-Monkey)
−365 or −746 or −1518

Year 493 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Auruncus and Viscellinus (or, less frequently, year 261 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 493 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Persian Empire[edit]


  • The Athenian people elect Themistocles as archon, the chief judicial and civilian executive officer in Athens. He favours resistance against the Persians.
  • Themistocles starts the construction of a fortified naval base at Piraeus, the port town of Athens.
  • Among the refugees arriving from Ionia after the collapse of the Ionian Revolt is a chief named Miltiades, who has a fine reputation as a soldier. Themistocles makes him a general in the Athenian army.

Roman Republic[edit]

By topic[edit]


  • The Athenian poet Phrynicus produces a tragedy on the Fall of Miletus. The Athenian authorities ban the play from further production on the grounds of impiety.