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|494 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1247|
|Balinese saka calendar||415–416|
|Chinese calendar||癸酉年 (Water Rooster)|
3190 or 3130
— to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
3191 or 3131
|- Vikram Samvat||550–551|
|- Shaka Samvat||415–416|
|- Kali Yuga||3594–3595|
|Iranian calendar||128 BP – 127 BP|
|Islamic calendar||132 BH – 131 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1418 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||805/806 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1036–1037|
620 or 239 or −533
— to —
621 or 240 or −532
Year 494 (CDXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Rufius and Praesidius (or, less frequently, year 1247 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 494 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Emperor Xiao Wen Di moves the capital of Northern Wei from Datong to Luoyang. He makes Chinese the official language of his court, and orders his nobility to adopt Chinese names.
- Gelasius I delineates the relationship between church and state.
- The Decretum Gelasianum (list of forbidden books) is attributed.
- Gelasius I canonizes Saint George.
- Xiao Zhaowen, emperor of Southern Qi (b. 480)
- Xiao Zhaoye, emperor of Southern Qi (known as the Prince of Yulin) (b. 473)