494 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
494 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 494 BC
Ab urbe condita 260
Ancient Egypt era XXVII dynasty, 32
- Pharaoh Darius I of Persia, 28
Ancient Greek era 71st Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar 4257
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −1086
Berber calendar 457
Buddhist calendar 51
Burmese calendar −1131
Byzantine calendar 5015–5016
Chinese calendar 丙午(Fire Horse)
2203 or 2143
    — to —
丁未年 (Fire Goat)
2204 or 2144
Coptic calendar −777 – −776
Discordian calendar 673
Ethiopian calendar −501 – −500
Hebrew calendar 3267–3268
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −437 – −436
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2607–2608
Holocene calendar 9507
Iranian calendar 1115 BP – 1114 BP
Islamic calendar 1149 BH – 1148 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1840
Minguo calendar 2405 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1961
Thai solar calendar 49–50
Tibetan calendar 阳火马年
(male Fire-Horse)
−367 or −748 or −1520
    — to —
(female Fire-Goat)
−366 or −747 or −1519

Year 494 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Tricostus and Geminus (or, less frequently, year 260 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 494 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Persian empire[edit]

  • Having successfully captured several of the revolting Greek city-states, the Persians under Artaphernes lay siege to Miletus. The decisive Battle of Lade is fought at the island of Lade, near Miletus' port. Although out-numbered, the Greek fleet appears to be winning the battle until the ships from Samos and Lesbos retreat. The sudden defection turns the tide of battle, and the remaining Greek fleet is completely destroyed. Miletus surrenders shortly thereafter, and the Ionian Revolt comes to an end.
  • The Persian leaders Artaphernes and Mardonius grant a degree of autonomy to the Ionian cities. They abstain from financial reprisals and merely exact former levels of tribute. The Persians abolish the Greek tyrannies in Ionia and permit democracies.
  • The Persians burn down the Temple of Apollo at Didyma.


Roman republic[edit]