49th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)
|49 (East) Brigade|
Insignia of 49 Brigade
|Active||The First World War to 2015|
|Type||Regular Infantry |
|Part of||Support Command|
|Garrison/HQ||Chetwynd Barracks, Chilwell|
The 49th Infantry Brigade, also known as 49 (East) Brigade, was a brigade of the British Army.
The 49th Brigade also served in Kenya during the Mau Mau Uprising from 1953 to 1955-6, incorporating the 1st Battalion, Royal Northumbrian Fusiliers, and the 1st Battalion, Royal Innskilling Fusiliers, joined by the 1st Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers, from January 1955.
However the core of the brigade's present history descends from the 49th (West Riding) Division, which fought in both World Wars. In the Second World War, the division was involved in the Norwegian Campaign, the guarding of Iceland, and Operation Overlord, where it landed in Normandy under XXX Corps. It was part of the reformed Territorial Army (as an armoured formation for a time) from 1947 to 1967.
The Brigade Headquarters was reformed as a regular HQ with TA units in 1982 as part of 2nd Infantry Division. It consisted of 5th and 7th Battalions, Royal Anglian Regiment, 5th Battalion, Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, 3rd Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, the Royal Yeomanry, equipped with Fox armoured cars, 100th (Yeomanry) Regiment Royal Artillery, with 105mm Light Guns, and 307 OP Battery RA (V). The Division was tasked with the wartime rear-area security of the I (BR) Corps sector, behind the forward armoured divisions, during any Soviet thrust into Western Europe.
Following the end of the Cold War, the Brigade was reorganised as 49 (East Midlands) Brigade on 1 April 1992, and then as 49 (East) Brigade on 1 April 1995 following the merger with 54 (East Anglia) Brigade.
The brigade now has regional responsibility for Norfolk, Suffolk, Cambridgeshire, Northamptonshire, Leicester, Nottinghamshire, Lincolnshire, Derbyshire, Essex, Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire and Rutland. In April 2000 the Brigade came under command of the 4th Division based in Aldershot. As from 1 April 2007, the Brigade came under the command of the 5th Division based in Shrewsbury and as of 2012 the Brigade came under the command of Support Command.
- Regular units were as follows:
- The Light Dragoons - light armored reconnaissance regiment
- 1st Battalion, King's Own Royal Border Regiment - light role infantry battalion
- 16th (The London and Kent Gunners) Regiment, Royal Artillery - light role artillery regiment
- 23 Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers - light role engineer regiment
- 39 Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers - light role engineer regiment
- 33 Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers - EOD engineer regiment
- 170 (Infrastructure Support) Engineer Group, Royal Engineers
- 5 Transport Regiment, Royal Logistics Corps - transport regiment
- 15th Psychological Information Support Group
- Territorial Units:
- 3rd Battalion, Royal Anglian Regiment - light role infantry battalion
- 4th Battalion, Mercian Regiment - light role infantry battalion
- 100th Regiment, Royal Artillery - light role artillery regiment
- 6th Regiment, Army Air Corps
- 73rd Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers
- 26th Signals Regiment, Royal Signals
- 71 (City of London) Yeomanry Signal Regiment, Royal Signals
- 4th General Support Medical Regiment, Royal Army Medical Corps
- 254th General Support Medical Regiment, Royal Army Medical Corps
- 158th (Royal Anglian) Transport Regiment, Royal Logistics Corps
- Catering Support Regiment, Royal Logistics Corps
- 124th Petroleum Squadron, Royal Logistics Corps
- 103rd Battalion, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
- East Midlands University Officer's Training Corps
- Cambridge University Officer's Training Corps
- "49 Brigade: History". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- Black, Harvey. "The Cold War Years. A Hot War in reality. Part 6".
- "HQ Regional Command". Retrieved 5 March 2016.
- "49 (East) Brigade Officially Disbanded". Forces TV. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- "49 (East) Brigade". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
- Official website
- David C Isby and Charles Kamps Jr, Armies of NATO's Central Front, Jane's Publishing Company, 1985
- Gregory Blaxland, The Regiments Depart: A History of the British Army 1945-70, William Kimber, London, 1971.