1st Infantry Division (Romania)
|1st Infantry Division
Divizia 1 Infanterie
Official emblem of the 1st Infantry Division
|Active||15 June 2008 - 31 August 2015|
|Branch||Romanian Land Forces|
|Size||3 brigades, 2 regiments, 1 logistics base, 6 auxiliary battalions|
|Engagements||Bosnia (part of EUFOR Althea)
Kosovo (part of KFOR)
War in Afghanistan
|General Ioan Culcer
General Eremia Grigorescu
General Petre Dumitrescu
The 1st Infantry Division Dacica was one of the major units of the Romanian Land Forces, with its headquarters located in Bucharest. It was the heraldic successor of the Romanian First Army. On 31 August 2015, 1st Infantry Division headquarters disbanded, to become, three months later, the Headquarters Multinational Division Southeast of NATO's Allied Joint Force Command Naples.
The First Army was one of the major units of the Romanian military in both World War I, partaking in such operations as the Romanian offensive in Transylvania in 1916 and the Battle of Mărăşeşti in 1917, and World War II, seeing action on the Eastern Front, particularly after the 23 August 1944 Coup, when the First Army fought westwards alongside Soviet units in battles such as that of Debrecen, Budapest and going as far as Prague. Following the end of the war, the First Army was disbanded on 2 June 1947, with the units under its command being transferred to one of the four newly formed Military Regions. This reorganization process was applied to all Romanian armies.
On 5 April 1980, the First Army is reestablished and headquartered in Bucharest, after being assigned units previously under the control of the 2nd Army Command. The latter is relocated to Buzău. Dan Ghica-Radu was the intelligence office chief from 1998 until 2000. Starting with 1 August 2000, the First Army is restructured, becoming the 1st Territorial Army Corps "General Ioan Culcer", as part of a process to bring the Romanian military in line with NATO standards. On 15 August 2008, as a continuation of the reorganization process of the Romanian Land Forces, the 1st Territorial Army Corps "General Ioan Culcer" is reformed as the 1st Infantry Division, receiving the name "Dacica", and is now the heraldic successor of the First Army. Units of the 1st Infantry Division are deployed (or were deployed at some point) in various theaters of operation around the world, such as Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq and Afghanistan.
- 1st Infantry Division Dacica – HQ Bucharest
- 1st Mechanized Brigade "Argedava" - headquartered at Bucharest
- 2nd Infantry Brigade "Rovine" - headquartered at Craiova
- 20th Infantry Battalion "Black Scorpions" - Craiova
- 22nd Infantry Battalion - Craiova
- 26th Infantry Battalion "Neagoe Basarab" ("Red Scorpions") - Craiova
- 325th Artillery Battalion - Caracal
- 116th Logistics Battalion "Golden Scorpions" - Craiova 
- 205th Anti-aircraft Artillery Battalion "Blue Scorpions" - Craiova
- 2nd Mountain Troops Brigade "Sarmizegetusa" - headquartered at Braşov
- 2nd Logistics Base "Valahia" - headquartered at Târgovişte
- 51st Mixed Artillery Regiment "General Cornel Paraniac" - headquartered at Slobozia
- 61st Mixed Anti-aircraft Missiles Regiment "Pelendava" - headquartered at Slobozia
- 1st "CIMIC" Battalion - headquartered at Bucharest
- 49th CBRN Battalion "Argeş" - headquartered at Piteşti
- 96th Engineer Battalion "Joseph Kruzel"
- 313th Reconnaissance Battalion "Burebista"
- 45th Communications & Information Systems Battalion "Căpitan Grigore Giosanu"
- 300th Logistic Support Battalion "Sarmis" - headquartered at Bucharest
- other supporting units
- Who is the new commander of NATO’s Multinational Division Southeast in Romania?
- Comandamentul Diviziei Multinaţionale Sud-Est (in Romanian)
- "NATO activates new Multinational Division Southeast headquarters in Bucharest". NATO. NATO. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- Romanian offensive in Transylvania
- Battle of Mărăşeşti (August-September 1917)
- History section of the official site of the 1st Infantry Division
- Section of the official site of the 1st Infantry Division detailing the international missions which units under its command took part in
- Section of the official site of the 1st Infantry Division mentioning units under its command and their various actions
- Military Press Archives
- Military Press Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine., June 2007
- Military Press Archived 29 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine., 22 August 2004
- Romanian Military Press