1st Infantry Division (Romania)

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1st Infantry Division
Divizia 1 Infanterie
Divizia 1 Infanterie (Romania) (coat of arms).jpg
Official emblem of the 1st Infantry Division
Active 15 June 2008 - 31 August 2015
Country Romania
Branch Romanian Land Forces
Size 3 brigades, 2 regiments, 1 logistics base, 6 auxiliary battalions
Garrison/HQ Bucharest
Anniversaries 23 April
Engagements Bosnia (part of EUFOR Althea)
Kosovo (part of KFOR)
Iraq War
War in Afghanistan
General Ioan Culcer
General Eremia Grigorescu
General Petre Dumitrescu

The 1st Infantry Division Dacica was one of the major units of the Romanian Land Forces, with its headquarters located in Bucharest. It was the heraldic successor of the Romanian First Army. On 31 August 2015, 1st Infantry Division headquarters disbanded, to become, three months later, the Headquarters Multinational Division Southeast of NATO's Allied Joint Force Command Naples.[1][2][3]


The First Army was one of the major units of the Romanian military in both World War I, partaking in such operations as the Romanian offensive in Transylvania in 1916[4] and the Battle of Mărăşeşti in 1917,[5][6] and World War II, seeing action on the Eastern Front, particularly after the 23 August 1944 Coup, when the First Army fought westwards alongside Soviet units in battles such as that of Debrecen, Budapest and going as far as Prague.[6] Following the end of the war, the First Army was disbanded on 2 June 1947, with the units under its command being transferred to one of the four newly formed Military Regions. This reorganization process was applied to all Romanian armies.

On 5 April 1980, the First Army is reestablished and headquartered in Bucharest, after being assigned units previously under the control of the 2nd Army Command. The latter is relocated to Buzău. Dan Ghica-Radu was the intelligence office chief from 1998 until 2000. Starting with 1 August 2000, the First Army is restructured, becoming the 1st Territorial Army Corps "General Ioan Culcer", as part of a process to bring the Romanian military in line with NATO standards. On 15 August 2008, as a continuation of the reorganization process of the Romanian Land Forces, the 1st Territorial Army Corps "General Ioan Culcer" is reformed as the 1st Infantry Division, receiving the name "Dacica", and is now the heraldic successor of the First Army.[6] Units of the 1st Infantry Division are deployed (or were deployed at some point) in various theaters of operation around the world, such as Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq and Afghanistan.[7]

Former structure[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]