49th United States Congress

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49th United States Congress
48th ← → 50th
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1885 – March 4, 1887

Senate President: Thomas A. Hendricks (D) (until November 25, 1885)
Vacant (from November 25, 1885)
Senate Pres. pro tem: John Sherman (R)
John Ingalls (R)
House Speaker: John Carlisle (D)
Members: 76 Senators
325 Representatives
8 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Democratic

Special: March 4, 1885 – April 2, 1885
1st: December 7, 1885 – August 5, 1886
2nd: December 6, 1886 – March 3, 1887

The Forty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1885 to March 4, 1887, during the first two years of Grover Cleveland's first presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Tenth Census of the United States in 1880. The Senate had a Republican majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.


Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


TOTAL members: 76

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL members: 325


Senate President
Thomas A. Hendricks


House of Representatives[edit]



Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1886; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1888; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1890.

Skip to House of Representatives, below

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are listed by district.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • replacements: 7
  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 6
  • interim appointments: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 9

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 11
  • deaths: 8
  • resignations: 7
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 17



House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]


  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]