Ultra HD Blu-ray
|Media type||High-density optical disc|
|Encoding||H.265/MPEG-H Part 2 (HEVC)|
|Capacity||50 GB (dual-layer, 82 Mb/s)|
66 GB (dual-layer, 108 Mb/s)
100 GB (triple-layer, 128 Mb/s)
|Block size||2 KB sector, 64 KB block size|
|Read mechanism||Diode laser|
|Developed by||Blu-ray Disc Association|
|Dimensions||120 mm (4.7 in) diameter|
|Released||February 14, 2016|
Ultra HD Blu-ray (marketed as 4K Ultra HD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that supersedes Blu-ray. Ultra HD Blu-ray discs are incompatible with existing standard Blu-ray players (though in most cases, a traditional Blu-ray and digital copy has been packaged with the Ultra HD Blu-ray discs). Ultra HD Blu-ray supports 4K UHD (3840 × 2160 pixel resolution) video at frame rates up to 60 progressive frames per second, encoded using High Efficiency Video Coding. The discs support both high dynamic range by increasing the color depth to 10-bit per color and a greater color gamut than supported by conventional Blu-ray video by using the Rec. 2020 color space. It is supported on Microsoft's Xbox One X as well as the S model, as well as Sony's upcoming PlayStation 5 video game consoles.
To differentiate Ultra HD Blu-ray titles on store shelves, the format uses a black opaque or slightly transparent keep case packaging format.
The specification allows for three disc capacities, each with its own data rate: 50 GB at 82 Mbit/s, 66 GB at 108 Mbit/s, and 100 GB at 128 Mbit/s. Ultra HD Blu-ray technology was licensed in mid 2015, and players had an expected release date of Christmas 2015. Ultra HD Blu-ray uses a new revision of AACS DRM and AACS 2. In addition, AACS 2.1 is used on certain titles (Stand by Me, Fury, The Patriot, Zombieland).
On May 12, 2015, the Blu-ray Disc Association revealed completed specifications and the official Ultra HD Blu-ray logo. Unlike conventional DVDs and Blu-rays, the new 4K format does not have region coding.
As of January 23, 2018, the BDA spec v3.2 also includes optional support for HDR10+ and Philips/Technicolor's SL-HDR2.
The first Ultra HD Blu-ray Discs were officially released from four studios on February 14, 2016:
- Sony Pictures Home Entertainment released The Amazing Spider-Man 2, Salt, Hancock, Chappie, Pineapple Express, and The Smurfs 2.
- Lionsgate Home Entertainment released Sicario, The Last Witch Hunter, The Expendables 3, and Ender's Game.
- Warner Home Video released Mad Max: Fury Road, The Lego Movie, Pan, and San Andreas.
- 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment released The Martian, Kingsman: The Secret Service, Exodus: Gods and Kings, X-Men: Days of Future Past, Maze Runner: The Scorch Trials, The Maze Runner, Wild, Hitman: Agent 47, Fantastic Four, and Life of Pi.
The first Ultra HD Blu-ray Discs officially released from other studios after February 14, 2016:
- Paramount Home Media Distribution released Star Trek and Star Trek Into Darkness on June 14, 2016.
- Universal Pictures Home Entertainment released Lucy, Oblivion, and Lone Survivor on August 9, 2016.
- Warner Music Group on May 22, 2017 released Sammi Cheng's Touch Mi 2 World Tour, which was officially the world's first live concert released in UHD Blu-ray format. The concert was the first live show production recorded in 4K format, and the field production and pre-production work was begun in November 2016.
- Toho released Your Name on July 26, 2017.
- Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment released Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 on August 22, 2017.
Early 4K Blu-ray display at Best Buy
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