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4Q521 or the 4QMessianic Apocalypse is one of the Dead Sea Scrolls.

4Q521 comprises two larger fragments.[1] The original editor was Jean Starcky,[2] though translation revisions have been proposed by Émile Puech.[3]

The text begins:

(1) [for the heav]ens and the earth will listen to his Messiah, (2) [and all] that is in them will not turn away from the holy precepts. Be encouraged, you who are seeking the Lord in his service! (4) Will you not, perhaps, encounter the Lord in it, all those who hope in their heart? (5) For the Lord will observe the devout, and call the just by name, .[4]

The subject of the text is eschatological[5] and makes connection the healing ministry of the Messiah.[6] 4Q521 may be related to other apocalyptic end-time texts, 4QSecond Ezekiel[7] 4QApocryphon of Daniel,[8] and has been studied in relation to Gospel of Luke's Messianic Magnificat and Benedictus and especially striking is the comparison with Luke 7:22 about raising the dead.[9]


  1. ^ Albert L. A. Hogeterp, Expectations of the end: A Comparative Traditio-Historical Study of Eschatological, Apocalyptic and Messianic Ideas in the Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament, Leiden: Brill, 2009, p. 277, 4Q521 (4QMessianic Apocalypse). The composition 4Q521, generally designated as 'Messianic Apocalypse', comprises two larger fragments (frgs. 2 ii + 4 and frgs. 71–8 + 5 ii7–16) 113 with evidence relevant for the discussion of resurrection.
  2. ^ Géza G. Xeravits, King, priest, prophet: positive eschatological protagonists of the Qumran library, Leiden: Brill, 2003, p. 98, "Messianc Apocalypse (4Q521)" 70 4.1. Introduction. Fragments of 4Q521 were found in Qumran Cave 4.71 The significance of this Hebrew composition was already noticed by its original editor, Jean Starcky, when he introduced the various MSS.
  3. ^ Michael T. Davis, Brent A. Strawn (eds.), Qumran studies: new approaches, new questions, Grand Rapids (MI): Eerdmans, 2007 – Page 211 -"The translation of this and other phrases from 4Q521 incorporates the modifications proposed by Emile Puech, "Some Remarks on 4Q246 and 4Q521 and Qumran messianism", in Donald W. Parry, Eugen Ulrich (eds.), The Provo International Conference on the Dead Sea Scrolls, Leiden: Brll, 1999, 553; for the Hebrew text of 4Q521 and restorations of this and other phrases, see Puech, cit.
  4. ^ Florentino García Martínez (ed.), The Dead Sea scrolls translated: the Qumran texts in English, Leiden: Brill, 1996 (second edition), p. 394, "4QMessianic Apocalypse (4Q521) Frag. 2 col. 1 1 / [for the heav]ens and the earth will listen to his Messiah, 2 [and all] that is in them will not turn away from the holy precepts. Be encouraged, you who are seeking the Lord in his ...
  5. ^ Rodrigo J. Morales, The Spirit and the Restoration of Israel: New Exodus and New Creation Motifs in Galatians, Ph.D. thesis, Duke University 2007, p. 55 "4Q521: The Messiah, the Spirit, and the Eternal Kingdom – Though also fragmentary in nature, the so-called Messianic Apocalypse (4Q521) presents a fascinating conjunction of eschatological themes and serves as a fitting transition to the ...
  6. ^ Eric Eve, The Jewish context of Jesus' miracles, New York: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002, p. 189, "The Messianic Apocalypse (4Q521) Several fragments of the text of the Messianic Apocalypse survive, but the one that has ... 7 1 -73 , for a more recent attempt to make a close connexion between 4Q521 and Jesus' healing ministry. 47.
  7. ^ Andrew Chester, Messiah and exaltation: Jewish messianic and visionary traditions and New Testament Christology, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2007, p. 151, "4QSecond Ezekiel (= 4Q385-388) and 4Q521. Both are fragmentary, and their meaning is correspondingly fragile and uncertain; equally, neither may have been produced by the Qumran sect, although that point is certainly debatable."
  8. ^ Årstein Justnes, The Time of Salvation: An Analysis of 4QApocryphon of Daniel ar (4Q246), 4QMessianic Apocalypse (4Q521 2), and 4QTime of Righteousness (4Q215a), Bern: Peter Lang, 2009, p. 188, "On the basis of this detailed treatment of the three texts, the images they present of the time of salvation are compared in a synthetic presentation."
  9. ^ Florentino García Martínez (ed.), Echoes from the Caves: Qumran and the New Testament, Leiden: Brill, 2009, p. 119, Stephen Hultgren "4Q521 and Luke's Magnificat and Benedictus", The purpose of this paper is to compare the fascinating text in 4Q521 2 II 1–15 with Luke's Magnificat and Benedictus in order to ....

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