4 × 100 metres relay at the World Championships in Athletics

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4 × 100 metres relay
at the World Championships in Athletics
4x100 m Jamaica Berlin 2009.JPG
The 2009-winning men's relay team from Jamaica
Overview
GenderMen and women
Years heldMen: 19832017
Women: 19832017
Championship record
Men37.04 Jamaica (2011)
Women41.07 Jamaica (2015)
Reigning champion
Men Great Britain (GBR)
Women United States (USA)

The 4×100 metres relay at the World Championships in Athletics has been contested by both men and women since the inaugural edition in 1983. It is the second most prestigious title in the discipline after the 4×100 metres relay at the Olympics. The competition format typically has one qualifying round leading to a final between eight teams. As of 2015, nations can qualify for the competition through a top eight finish at the previous IAAF World Relays event, with the remaining teams coming through the more traditional route of ranking highly on time in the seasonal lists.[1]

The championship records for the event are 37.04 seconds for men, set by Jamaica in 2011, and 41.07 seconds for women, set by Jamaica in 2015.[2] The men's world record has been broken or equalled at the competition on four occasions.[3] The women's world record has never been broken or equalled at the competition.

The United States is the most successful nation in the discipline, with seven men's gold medals and six women's gold medals. The next most successful nation is Jamaica, which has won four gold medals in both the men's and women's events. Those two nations share the highest medal tally at eighteen. France and Canada, with two golds each, are the only other nations to have won multiple titles. Great Britain has the third highest medal tally in the event at nine medals.

Jamaica's Usain Bolt is the most successful athlete of the event, with four consecutive gold medals from 2009 to 2015 and a silver medal in 2007. His female compatriots Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce and Kerron Stewart are the next most successful, with three gold medals and two silver medals. Another Jamaican woman, Beverly McDonald, has the highest number of medals in the event at six (although only one of them gold). Nesta Carter and Carl Lewis are the only other athletes to have won three gold medals in the relay event.

The United States has twice been stripped of the gold medal due to doping by athletes on the national team, having lost both men's and women's titles in 2001.

Age[edit]

  • All information from IAAF[4]
Distinction Male athlete Age Female athlete Age
Youngest champion Eddy De Lépine 21 years, 136 days Silke Gladisch 19 years, 51 days
Youngest medalist Darrel Brown 16 years, 305 days Aleen Bailey 18 years, 277 days
Youngest participant Yahya Al-Ghahes 15 years, 174 days Elizabeth Wilson 16 years, 221 days[nb1]
Oldest champion Asafa Powell 32 years, 279 days Patricia Girard 35 years, 144 days
Oldest medalist Troy Douglas 40 years, 274 days Chandra Sturrup 37 years, 344 days
Oldest participant Troy Douglas 40 years, 274 days Merlene Ottey 43 years, 111 days
  • nb1 Only the birth year is known for Ghana's Elizabeth Wilson, although calculating her age from 1 January that year still makes her the youngest female participant.[4]

Doping[edit]

The men's event was affected by doping in its debut tournament in 1983, with Ben Johnson running for Canada, although the team did not progress beyond the first round. Johnson's drug use was only self-admitted during this period and he did not fail a drug test that year. Johnson ran for the fourth-placed Canada team at the 1987 event. His Canadian team mate Angella Issajenko later became the first female relay athlete to be sanctioned – she helped Canada to fifth at the same edition.[5]

The positive drug test for Nigeria's Innocent Asonze in 1999 marked the first instance where a medal-winning team was disqualified at the World Championships in Athletics. Brazil was elevated to the bronze medal as a result.[5] Doping persisted two years later, as France's Christophe Cheval was disqualified after a positive test for nandrolone shortly before the event (the team were semi-finalists only).[6] The greatest disqualifications yet followed after the BALCO scandal in 2005. Tim Montgomery of the 2001-winning men's team was later disqualified following his admission of doping during the period, meaning that the American gold medallists were stricken from the record (South Africa were elevated as champions).[7] Similarly, Marion Jones's and Kelli White's admitted usage led to the disqualification of the winning American women's team (Germany were made champions as a result).[5]

The impact of the BALCO scandal extended to the 2003 edition, as medals were again reassigned as a result of British athlete Dwain Chambers doping. Brazil were elevated to silver and the Netherlands became the bronze medallists. The next doping disqualification to occur in the relay was in 2009, when Nigerian women's runner Toyin Augustus had her team's first round result annulled. A similar fate met Lim Hee-Nam and the South Korean men in 2011.[5] The fourth-placed Trinidad and Tobago team had their result retrospectively disqualified due to Semoy Hackett's failed doping test prior to the competition.[8] A third straight championships was affected as a result of Ukraine's Yelyzaveta Bryzhina failing a doping test for drostanolone (as of 2015 the Ukrainian relay team's first round result still stands, however).[9]

Medalists[edit]

Men[edit]

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 United States (USA)
Emmit King
Willie Gault
Calvin Smith
Carl Lewis
 Italy (ITA)
Stefano Tilli
Carlo Simionato
Pierfrancesco Pavoni
Pietro Mennea
 Soviet Union (URS)
Andrey Prokofyev
Nikolay Sidorov
Vladimir Muravyov
Viktor Bryzhin
1987 Rome
details
 United States (USA)
Lee McRae
Lee McNeill
Harvey Glance
Carl Lewis
 Soviet Union (URS)
Aleksandr Yevgenyev
Viktor Bryzhin
Vladimir Muravyov
Vladimir Krylov
 Jamaica (JAM)
John Mair
Andrew Smith
Clive Wright
Ray Stewart
1991 Tokyo
details
 United States (USA)
Andre Cason
Leroy Burrell
Dennis Mitchell
Carl Lewis
 France (FRA)
Max Morinière
Daniel Sangouma
Jean-Charles Trouabal
Bruno Marie-Rose
 Great Britain (GBR)
Tony Jarrett
John Regis
Darren Braithwaite
Linford Christie
1993 Stuttgart
details
 United States (USA)
Jon Drummond
Andre Cason
Dennis Mitchell
Leroy Burrell
Calvin Smith*
 Great Britain (GBR)
Colin Jackson
Tony Jarrett
John Regis
Linford Christie
Jason John*
Darren Braithwaite*
 Canada (CAN)
Robert Esmie
Glenroy Gilbert
Bruny Surin
Atlee Mahorn
1995 Gothenburg
details
 Canada (CAN)
Donovan Bailey
Robert Esmie
Glenroy Gilbert
Bruny Surin
 Australia (AUS)
Paul Henderson
Tim Jackson
Steve Brimacombe
Damien Marsh
 Italy (ITA)
Giovanni Puggioni
Ezio Madonia
Angelo Cipolloni
Sandro Floris
1997 Athens
details
 Canada (CAN)
Robert Esmie
Glenroy Gilbert
Bruny Surin
Donovan Bailey
Carlton Chambers*
 Nigeria (NGR)
Osmond Ezinwa
Olapade Adeniken
Francis Obikwelu
Davidson Ezinwa
 Great Britain (GBR)
Darren Braithwaite
Darren Campbell
Douglas Walker
Julian Golding
Dwain Chambers*
1999 Seville
details
 United States (USA)
Jon Drummond
Tim Montgomery
Brian Lewis
Maurice Greene
 Great Britain (GBR)
Jason Gardener
Darren Campbell
Marlon Devonish
Dwain Chambers
Allyn Condon*
 Brazil (BRA)
Raphael de Oliveira
Claudinei da Silva
Édson Ribeiro
André da Silva
2001 Edmontondq1
details
 South Africa (RSA)
Morné Nagel
Corné du Plessis
Lee-Roy Newton
Mathew Quinn
 Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)
Marc Burns
Ato Boldon
Jacey Harper
Darrel Brown
 Australia (AUS)
Matt Shirvington
Paul Di Bella
Steve Brimacombe
Adam Basil
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 United States (USA)
John Capel
Bernard Williams
Darvis Patton
Joshua J. Johnson
 Brazil (BRA)
Vicente de Lima
Édson Ribeiro
André da Silva
Cláudio Roberto Souza
 Netherlands (NED)
Timothy Beck
Troy Douglas
Patrick van Balkom
Caimin Douglas
Guus Hoogmoed*
2005 Helsinki
details
 France (FRA)
Ladji Doucouré
Ronald Pognon
Eddy De Lépine
Lueyi Dovy
Oudéré Kankarafou*
 Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)
Kevon Pierre
Marc Burns
Jacey Harper
Darrel Brown
 Great Britain (GBR)
Jason Gardener
Marlon Devonish
Christian Malcolm
Mark Lewis-Francis
2007 Osaka
details
 United States (USA)
Darvis Patton
Wallace Spearmon
Tyson Gay
Leroy Dixon
Rodney Martin*
 Jamaica (JAM)
Marvin Anderson
Usain Bolt
Nesta Carter
Asafa Powell
Dwight Thomas*
Steve Mullings*
 Great Britain (GBR)
Christian Malcolm
Craig Pickering
Marlon Devonish
Mark Lewis-Francis
2009 Berlin
details
 Jamaica (JAM)
Steve Mullings
Michael Frater
Usain Bolt
Asafa Powell
Dwight Thomas*
Lerone Clarke*
 Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)
Darrel Brown
Marc Burns
Emmanuel Callender
Richard Thompson
Keston Bledman*
 Great Britain (GBR)
Simeon Williamson
Tyrone Edgar
Marlon Devonish
Harry Aikines-Aryeetey
2011 Daegu
details
 Jamaica (JAM)
Nesta Carter
Michael Frater
Yohan Blake
Usain Bolt
Dexter Lee*
 France (FRA)
Teddy Tinmar
Christophe Lemaitre
Yannick Lesourd
Jimmy Vicaut
 Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN)
Jason Rogers
Kim Collins
Antoine Adams
Brijesh Lawrence
2013 Moscow
details
 Jamaica (JAM)
Nesta Carter
Kemar Bailey-Cole
Nickel Ashmeade
Usain Bolt
Warren Weir*
Oshane Bailey*
 United States (USA)
Charles Silmon
Mike Rodgers
Mookie Salaam
Justin Gatlin
 Canada (CAN)
Gavin Smellie
Aaron Brown
Dontae Richards-Kwok
Justyn Warner
2015 Beijing
details
 Jamaica (JAM)
Nesta Carter
Asafa Powell
Nickel Ashmeade
Usain Bolt
Rasheed Dwyer*
 China (CHN)
Mo Youxue
Xie Zhenye
Su Bingtian
Zhang Peimeng
 Canada (CAN)
Aaron Brown
Andre De Grasse
Brendon Rodney
Justyn Warner
2017 London
details
 Great Britain (GBR)
Chijindu Ujah
Adam Gemili
Danny Talbot
Nethaneel Mitchell-Blake
 United States (USA)
Mike Rodgers
Justin Gatlin
Jaylen Bacon
Christian Coleman
Beejay Lee*
 Japan (JPN)
Shuhei Tada
Shota Iizuka
Yoshihide Kiryu
Kenji Fujimitsu
Asuka Cambridge*

Note * Indicates athletes who ran only in the preliminary round and also received medals.

Multiple medalists[edit]

Rank Athlete Nation Period Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Usain Bolt  Jamaica (JAM) 2007–2017 4 1 0 5
2 Nesta Carter  Jamaica (JAM) 2007–2015 3 1 0 4
3 Carl Lewis  United States (USA) 1983–1991 3 0 0 3
4= Robert Esmie  Canada (CAN) 1993–1997 2 1 0 3
4= Glenroy Gilbert  Canada (CAN) 1993–1997 2 1 0 3
4= Bruny Surin  Canada (CAN) 1993–1997 2 1 0 3
4= Asafa Powell  Jamaica (JAM) 2007–2015 2 1 0 3
8= Calvin Smith  United States (USA) 1983–1993 2 0 0 2
8= Andre Cason  United States (USA) 1991–1993 2 0 0 2
8= Dennis Mitchell  United States (USA) 1991–1993 2 0 0 2
8= Leroy Burrell  United States (USA) 1991–1993 2 0 0 2
8= Donovan Bailey  Canada (CAN) 1995–1997 2 0 0 2
8= Jon Drummond  United States (USA) 1993–1999 2 0 0 2
8= Darvis Patton  United States (USA) 2003–2007 2 0 0 2
8= Michael Frater  Jamaica (JAM) 2009–2011 2 0 0 2
8= Nickel Ashmeade  Jamaica (JAM) 2011–2013 2 0 0 2
17= Dwight Thomas  Jamaica (JAM) 2007–2009 1 1 0 2
17= Steve Mullings  Jamaica (JAM) 2007–2009 1 1 0 2
19= Marc Burns  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 2001–2009 0 3 0 3
19= Darrel Brown  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 2001–2009 0 3 0 3
20 Jacey Harper  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 2001–2005 0 2 0 2
21 Marlon Devonish  Great Britain (GBR) 1999–2009 0 1 3 4
22 Darren Braithwaite  Great Britain (GBR) 1991–1997 0 1 2 3
23= Vladimir Muravyov  Soviet Union (URS) 1983–1987 0 1 1 2
23= Tony Jarrett  Great Britain (GBR) 1991–1993 0 1 1 2
23= John Regis  Great Britain (GBR) 1991–1993 0 1 1 2
23= Linford Christie  Great Britain (GBR) 1991–1993 0 1 1 2
23= Steve Brimacombe  Australia (AUS) 1995–2001 0 1 1 2
23= Darren Campbell  Great Britain (GBR) 1997–1999 0 1 1 2
23= Dwain Chambers  Great Britain (GBR) 1997–1999 0 1 1 2
23= Jason Gardener  Great Britain (GBR) 1999–2005 0 1 1 2
31= Christian Malcolm  Great Britain (GBR) 2005–2007 0 0 2 2
31= Mark Lewis-Francis  Great Britain (GBR) 2005–2007 0 0 2 2
31= Aaron Brown  Canada (CAN) 2013–2015 0 0 2 2
31= Justyn Warner  Canada (CAN) 2013–2015 0 0 2 2

Medals by country[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 7 1 0 8
2  Jamaica (JAM) 4 1 1 6
3  Canada (CAN) 2 0 3 5
4  France (FRA) 1 2 0 3
5  South Africa (RSA) 1 0 0 1
6  Trinidad and Tobago (TTO) 0 3 0 3
7  Great Britain (GBR) 0 2 5 7
8=  Australia (AUS) 0 1 1 2
8=  Brazil (BRA) 0 1 1 2
8=  Italy (ITA) 0 1 1 2
8=  Soviet Union (URS) 0 1 1 2
12=  Nigeria (NGR) 0 1 0 1
12=  China (CHN) 0 1 0 1
14=  Netherlands (NED) 0 0 1 1
14=  Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN) 0 0 1 1

Women[edit]

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
 East Germany (GDR)
Silke Gladisch
Marita Koch
Ingrid Auerswald
Marlies Oelsner-Göhr
 Great Britain (GBR)
Joan Baptiste
Kathy Cook
Beverley Callender
Shirley Thomas
 Jamaica (JAM)
Leleith Hodges
Jacqueline Pusey
Juliet Cuthbert
Merlene Ottey
1987 Rome
details
 United States (USA)
Alice Brown
Diane Williams
Florence Griffith-Joyner
Pam Marshall
 East Germany (GDR)
Silke Möller
Cornelia Oschkenat
Kerstin Behrendt
Marlies Göhr
 Soviet Union (URS)
Irina Slyusar
Natalya Pomoshchnikova
Natalya German
Olga Antonova
1991 Tokyo
details
 Jamaica (JAM)
Dahlia Duhaney
Juliet Cuthbert
Beverly McDonald
Merlene Ottey
Merlene Frazer*
 Soviet Union (URS)
Natalya Kovtun
Galina Malchugina
Yelena Vinogradova
Irina Privalova
 Germany (GER)
Grit Breuer
Katrin Krabbe
Sabine Richter
Heike Drechsler
1993 Stuttgart
details
 Russia (RUS)
Olga Bogoslovskaya
Galina Malchugina
Natalya Pomoshchnikova-Voronova
Irina Privalova
Marina Trandenkova*
 United States (USA)
Michelle Finn
Gwen Torrence
Wendy Vereen
Gail Devers
Sheila Echols*
 Jamaica (JAM)
Michelle Freeman
Juliet Campbell
Nikole Mitchell
Merlene Ottey
Dahlia Duhaney*
1995 Gothenburg
details
 United States (USA)
Celena Mondie-Milner
Carlette Guidry
Chryste Gaines
Gwen Torrence
D'Andre Hill*
 Jamaica (JAM)
Dahlia Duhaney
Juliet Cuthbert
Beverly McDonald
Merlene Ottey
Michelle Freeman*
 Germany (GER)
Melanie Paschke
Silke Lichtenhagen
Silke-Beate Knoll
Gabriele Becker
1997 Athens
details
 United States (USA)
Chryste Gaines
Marion Jones
Inger Miller
Gail Devers
 Jamaica (JAM)
Beverly McDonald
Merlene Frazer
Juliet Cuthbert
Beverly Grant
 France (FRA)
Patricia Girard-Léno
Christine Arron
Delphine Combe
Sylviane Félix
Frédérique Bangué*
1999 Seville
details
 Bahamas (BAH)
Savatheda Fynes
Chandra Sturrup
Pauline Davis-Thompson
Debbie Ferguson
Eldece Clarke-Lewis*
 France (FRA)
Patricia Girard
Muriel Hurtis
Katia Benth
Christine Arron
Fabé Dia*
 Jamaica (JAM)
Aleen Bailey
Merlene Frazer,
Beverly McDonald
Peta-Gaye Dowdie
2001 Edmontondq2
details
 Germany (GER)
Melanie Paschke
Gabi Rockmeier
Birgit Rockmeier
Marion Wagner
 France (FRA)
Sylviane Félix
Frédérique Bangué
Muriel Hurtis
Odiah Sidibé
 Jamaica (JAM)
Juliet Campbell
Merlene Frazer
Beverly McDonald
Astia Walker
Elva Goulbourne*
2003 Saint-Denis
details
 France (FRA)
Patricia Girard-Léno
Muriel Hurtis
Sylviane Félix
Christine Arron
 United States (USA)
Angela Williams
Chryste Gaines
Inger Miller
Torri Edwards
Lauryn Williams*
 Russia (RUS)
Olga Fyodorova
Yuliya Tabakova
Marina Kislova
Larisa Kruglova
2005 Helsinki
details
 United States (USA)
Angela Daigle
Muna Lee
Me'Lisa Barber
Lauryn Williams
 Jamaica (JAM)
Danielle Browning
Sherone Simpson
Aleen Bailey
Veronica Campbell
Beverly McDonald*
 Belarus (BLR)
Yulia Nestsiarenka
Natallia Solohub
Alena Newmyarzhytskaya
Aksana Drahun
2007 Osaka
details
 United States (USA)
Lauryn Williams
Allyson Felix
Mikele Barber
Torri Edwards
Carmelita Jeter*
Mechelle Lewis*
 Jamaica (JAM)
Sheri-Ann Brooks
Kerron Stewart
Simone Facey
Veronica Campbell
Shelly-Ann Fraser*
 Belgium (BEL)
Olivia Borlée
Hanna Mariën
Élodie Ouédraogo
Kim Gevaert
2009 Berlin
details
 Jamaica (JAM)
Simone Facey
Shelly-Ann Fraser
Aleen Bailey
Kerron Stewart
 Bahamas (BAH)
Sheniqua Ferguson
Chandra Sturrup
Christine Amertil
Debbie Ferguson-McKenzie
 Germany (GER)
Marion Wagner
Anne Möllinger
Cathleen Tschirch
Verena Sailer
2011 Daegu
details
 United States (USA)
Bianca Knight
Allyson Felix
Marshevet Myers
Carmelita Jeter
Shalonda Solomon*
Alexandria Anderson*
 Jamaica (JAM)
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
Kerron Stewart
Sherone Simpson
Veronica Campbell-Brown
Jura Levy*
 Ukraine (UKR)
Olesya Povh
Nataliya Pohrebnyak
Mariya Ryemyen
Hrystyna Stuy
2013 Moscow
details
 Jamaica (JAM)
Carrie Russell
Kerron Stewart
Schillonie Calvert
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
Sheri-Ann Brooks*
 United States (USA)
Jeneba Tarmoh
Alexandria Anderson
English Gardner
Octavious Freeman
 Great Britain (GBR)
Dina Asher-Smith
Ashleigh Nelson
Annabelle Lewis
Hayley Jones
2015 Beijing
details
 Jamaica (JAM)
Veronica Campbell-Brown
Natasha Morrison
Elaine Thompson
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
Sherone Simpson*
Kerron Stewart*
 United States (USA)
English Gardner
Allyson Felix
Jenna Prandini
Jasmine Todd
 Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)
Kelly-Ann Baptiste
Michelle-Lee Ahye
Reyare Thomas
Semoy Hackett
Khalifa St. Fort*
2017 London
details
 United States (USA)
Aaliyah Brown
Allyson Felix
Morolake Akinosun
Tori Bowie
Ariana Washington*
 Great Britain (GBR)
Asha Philip
Desirèe Henry
Dina Asher-Smith
Daryll Neita
 Jamaica (JAM)
Jura Levy
Natasha Morrison
Simone Facey
Sashalee Forbes
Christania Williams*

Note * Indicates athletes who ran only in the preliminary round and also received medals.

  • dq2 The United States team of Kelli White, Chryste Gaines, Inger Miller, and Marion Jones originally won the 2001 World Championship in a time of 41.71 seconds, but were disqualified after Jones admitted to drug use as a result of the BALCO scandal in 2005.

Multiple medalists[edit]

Rank Athlete Nation Period Gold Silver Bronze Total
1= Kerron Stewart  Jamaica (JAM) 2007–2015 3 2 0 5
1= Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  Jamaica (JAM) 2007–2015 3 2 0 5
3= Chryste Gaines  United States (USA) 1995–2003 2 1 0 3
3= Lauryn Williams  United States (USA) 2003–2007 2 1 0 2
3= Allyson Felix  United States (USA) 2007–2015 2 1 0 3
6 Carmelita Jeter  United States (USA) 2007–2011 2 0 0 2
7 Beverly McDonald  Jamaica (JAM) 1991–2005 1 3 2 6
8 Veronica Campbell  Jamaica (JAM) 2005–2015 1 3 0 4
9 Juliet Cuthbert  Jamaica (JAM) 1983–1997 1 2 1 4
10= Muriel Hurtis  France (FRA) 1999–2003 1 2 0 3
10= Sherone Simpson  Jamaica (JAM) 2005–2015 1 2 0 3
12= Merlene Ottey  Jamaica (JAM) 1983–1995 1 1 2 4
12= Merlene Frazer  Jamaica (JAM) 1991–2001 1 1 2 4
14= Patricia Girard  France (FRA) 1997–2003 1 1 1 3
14= Christine Arron  France (FRA) 1997–2003 1 1 1 3
14= Sylviane Félix  France (FRA) 1997–2003 1 1 1 3
14= Aleen Bailey  Jamaica (JAM) 1999–2009 1 1 1 3
18= Silke Möller  East Germany (GDR) 1983–1987 1 1 0 2
18= Marlies Göhr  East Germany (GDR) 1983–1987 1 1 0 2
18= Irina Privalova  Soviet Union (URS)
 Russia (RUS)
1991–1993 1 1 0 2
18= Gwen Torrence  United States (USA) 1993–1995 1 1 0 2
18= Gail Devers  United States (USA) 1993–1997 1 1 0 2
18= Chandra Sturrup  Bahamas (BAH) 1999–2009 1 1 0 2
18= Debbie Ferguson-McKenzie  Bahamas (BAH) 1999–2009 1 1 0 2
18= Inger Miller  United States (USA) 1997–2003 1 1 0 2
18= Torri Edwards  United States (USA) 2003–2007 1 1 0 2
18= Sheri-Ann Brooks  Jamaica (JAM) 2007–2013 1 1 0 2
18= Simone Facey  Jamaica (JAM) 2007–2009 1 1 0 2
18= Alexandria Anderson  United States (USA) 2011–2013 1 1 0 2
30= Natalya Pomoshchnikova-Voronova  Soviet Union (URS)
 Russia (RUS)
1987–1993 1 0 1 2
30= Marion Wagner  Germany (GER) 2001–2009 1 0 1 2
32 English Gardner  United States (USA) 2013–2015 0 2 0 2
33= Michelle Freeman  Jamaica (JAM) 1993–1995 0 1 1 2
33= Frédérique Bangué  France (FRA) 1997–2001 0 1 1 2

Medals by country[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 7 4 0 11
2  Jamaica (JAM) 4 5 5 14
3  France (FRA) 1 2 1 4
4=  Bahamas (BAH) 1 1 0 2
4=  East Germany (GDR) 1 1 0 2
6  Germany (GER) 1 0 3 4
7  Russia (RUS) 1 0 1 2
8  Great Britain (GBR) 0 2 1 3
9=  Belarus (BLR) 0 0 1 1
9=  Belgium (BEL) 0 0 1 1
9=  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 0 0 1 1
9=  Ukraine (UKR) 0 0 1 1

Championship record progression[edit]

Men[edit]

Men's 4×100 metres relay World Championships record progression[10]
Time Nation Athletes Year Round Date
39.22  West Germany (FRG) Andreas Knebel, Thomas Schröder, Jens Hübler, Frank Emmelmann 1983 Heats 9 August
38.75  United States (USA) Emmit King, Willie Gault, Calvin Smith, Carl Lewis 1983 Heats 9 August
38.62  Soviet Union (URS) Andrey Prokofyev, Nikolay Sidorov, Vladimir Muravyov, Viktor Bryzgin 1983 Semi-finals 10 August
38.50  United States (USA) Emmit King, Willie Gault, Calvin Smith, Carl Lewis 1983 Semi-finals 10 August
37.86 WR  United States (USA) Emmit King, Willie Gault, Calvin Smith, Carl Lewis 1983 Final 10 August
37.75  United States (USA) Andre Cason, Leroy Burrell, Dennis Mitchell, Michael Marsh 1991 Semi-finals 31 August
37.50 WR  United States (USA) Andre Cason, Leroy Burrell, Dennis Mitchell, Carl Lewis 1991 Final 1 September
37.40 WR  United States (USA) Jon Drummond, Andre Cason, Dennis Mitchell, Leroy Burrell 1993 Semi-finals 21 August
37.31  Jamaica (JAM) Usain Bolt, Michael Frater, Steve Mullings, Asafa Powell 2009 Final 22 August
37.04 WR  Jamaica (JAM) Nesta Carter, Michael Frater, Yohan Blake, Usain Bolt 2011 Final 4 September

Women[edit]

Women's 4×100 metres relay World Championships record progression[11]
Time Nation Athletes Year Round Date
43.06  Great Britain (GBR) Joan Baptiste, Kathy Smallwood-Cook, Beverley Callender, Shirley Thomas 1983 Heats 10 August
42.59  West Germany (FRG) Silke Gladisch-Möller, Marita Koch, Ingrid Auerswald-Lange, Marlies Oelsner-Göhr 1983 Heats 10 August
41.76  West Germany (FRG) Silke Gladisch-Möller, Marita Koch, Ingrid Auerswald-Lange, Marlies Oelsner-Göhr 1983 Final 10 August
41.58  United States (USA) Alice Brown, Diane Williams, Florence Griffith Joyner, Pam Marshall 1987 Final 6 September
41.49  Russia (RUS) Olga Bogoslovskaya, Galina Malchugina, Natalya Voronova, Irina Privalova 1993 Final 22 August
41.49[nb2]  United States (USA) Michelle Finn, Gwen Torrence, Wendy Vereen, Gail Devers 1993 Final 22 August
41.47  United States (USA) Chryste Gaines, Marion Jones, Inger Miller, Gail Devers 1997 Final 9 August
41.29  Jamaica (JAM) Carrie Russell, Kerron Stewart, Schillonie Calvert, Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce 2013 Final 18 August
41.07  Jamaica (JAM) Veronica Campbell-Brown, Natasha Morrison, Elaine Thompson, Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce 2015 Final 29 August
  • nb2 Russia and the United States team shared the same championship record time of 41.49, although Russia won the title when measuring the time down to thousandths of a second

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

Specific[edit]

  1. ^ Qualification System and Entry Standards (as approved by IAAF Council in April and November 2014. IAAF. Retrieved on 2015-09-18.
  2. ^ Championships Records. IAAF. Retrieved on 2015-07-12.
  3. ^ IAAF World Championships: IAAF Statistics Handbook Daegu 2011, pp. 595–6 (archived). IAAF. Retrieved on 2015-07-06.
  4. ^ a b Butler 2013, p. 34–7.
  5. ^ a b c d Butler 2013, p. 67–9.
  6. ^ Sprinter afsløret med doping (in Danish). Berlingske. Retrieved on 2015-09-18.
  7. ^ SA awarded 2001 worlds gold medal. BBC Sport (2006-11-22). Retrieved on 2015-09-18.
  8. ^ T&T federation to confirm Hackett's positive test on Monday Archived December 10, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Track Alerts. Retrieved on 2012-03-15.
  9. ^ IAAF World Championships in Athletics > 14th IAAF World Championships > 4x100 Metres Relay - women. IAAF. Retrieved on 2015-09-18.
  10. ^ Main > Men, 4×100 m > World Championships Records Progression. Track and Field Brinkster. Retrieved on 2015-07-07.
  11. ^ Main > Women, 4×100 m > World Championships Records Progression. Track and Field Brinkster. Retrieved on 2015-07-07.

External links[edit]