4 (New York City Subway service)

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"4" train symbol
Lexington Avenue Express
Manhattan bound R142 4 train enters Yankee Stadium.jpg
Brooklyn-bound 4 train of R142s entering 161st Street–Yankee Stadium
Map of the "4" train
Note: dashed line shows late night and limited weekday rush hour service to/from New Lots Avenue
Northern endWoodlawn
Southern endCrown Heights–Utica Avenue (daytime)
New Lots Avenue (late nights & limited rush hour service)
Stations28
54 (late night service)
Rolling stock170 to 180 R142s (17 to 18 trains)
160 to 170 R142As (16 to 17 trains)[1]
DepotJerome Avenue Yard
Started serviceJune 2, 1917; 101 years ago (1917-06-02)
Route map

Down arrow  4 
Woodlawn
Mosholu Parkway
Bedford Park Boulevard–Lehman College
Kingsbridge Road
Fordham Road
183rd Street
Burnside Avenue
176th Street
Mount Eden Avenue
170th Street
167th Street
161st Street–Yankee Stadium
149th Street–Grand Concourse
138th Street–Grand Concourse
station bypassed
during peak rush
125th Street
switches to local tracks
during late nights
116th Street
110th Street
103rd Street
96th Street
86th Street
77th Street
68th Street–Hunter College
59th Street
51st Street
Grand Central–42nd Street
33rd Street
28th Street Handicapped/disabled access
southbound
only
(December 2018)
23rd Street
14th Street–Union Square
Astor Place
Bleecker Street
Spring Street
Canal Street
switches to local tracks
during late nights
Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall
Up arrow  6   <6> 
Fulton Street
Wall Street
Bowling Green
Up arrow  5  (evenings)
South Ferry Up arrow  1  ( 1  weekends)
Borough Hall
Handicapped/disabled access
northbound only
for 4 and ​5 services
Nevins Street
switches to local tracks
during late nights
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center
Bergen Street
Grand Army Plaza
Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum
Franklin Avenue
Nostrand Avenue
Kingston Avenue
Crown Heights–Utica Avenue
Up arrow  4 
( 5  limited)
Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road
Saratoga Avenue
Rockaway Avenue
Junius Street
Pennsylvania Avenue
Van Siclen Avenue
New Lots Avenue
Up arrow  3 
( 4  nights & limited rush hours) ( 2  5  limited)
Legend

Lines used by the "4" train
Other services sharing tracks with the "4" train
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns
 4 
Termini of services

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The 4 Lexington Avenue Express[2] is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored forest green since it uses the IRT Lexington Avenue Line in Manhattan.[3]

The 4 operates at all times. Daytime service operates between Woodlawn in the Bronx and Utica Avenue in Crown Heights, Brooklyn, making local stops in the Bronx and express stops in Manhattan and Brooklyn; limited weekday rush hour service, as well as late night service, is extended beyond Utica Avenue to/from New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn. During rush hours in the peak direction, 4 trains skip 138th Street–Grand Concourse. Late night service makes local stops along its entire route.

Until 1983, rush hour 4 trains originated and terminated at Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College in Brooklyn.

Service history[edit]

R12 IRT 4.gif
Original R12 to R36 end rollsign
4 (1967-1979 New York City Subway bullet).svg
November 26, 1967-June 1979 bullet

During the extension of the IRT Lexington Avenue Line north of 42nd Street–Grand Central Terminal, shuttle elevated trains served the IRT Jerome Avenue Line (which at the time was only between East 149th Street–Grand Concourse and Kingsbridge Road) starting June 2, 1917.[4] On April 15, 1918, shuttles were extended to Woodlawn. A second shuttle, using subway cars, from 149th Street–Grand Concourse to Grand Central started on July 17, 1918.

On August 1, 1918, the entire Jerome and Lexington Avenue Lines were completed and the connection to the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at 42nd Street was removed. Trains began running between Woodlawn and Bowling Green.[4]

On December 11, 1921, Lexington Avenue–Jerome Avenue subway trains began running north of 167th Street at all times, replacing elevated trains, which ran to Woodlawn during rush hours, but from then on terminated at 167th Street during non-rush hours.[5]

Beginning on November 4, 1925, rush hour 4 trains were extended from Atlantic Avenue to Crown Heights–Utica Avenue.[6] Two years later, on December 5, 1927, weekday evening service was extended to Utica Avenue.[4] The following year, midday 4 service also went to Utica Avenue.[4]

As of 1934, 4 trains ran from Woodlawn to Utica Avenue weekday rush and Saturday morning peak and afternoon, to Atlantic Avenue weekday midday, Saturday morning after the peak, and late nights, and to South Ferry evenings and Sundays. Trains ran express in Manhattan except late nights, and in Brooklyn. This was the first time the 6 became the Pelham Shuttle between Pelham Bay Park and 125th Street–Lexington Avenue.

On August 20, 1938, Saturday morning after the peak service was extended to Utica Avenue.

Beginning on May 10, 1946, all 4 trains were made express during late nights running on 12 minute headways as the 6 went back to Brooklyn Bridge during that time. Previously 4 trains ran local from 12:30 to 5:30am. At this time 4 trains terminated at Atlantic Avenue.[7][8]

Beginning on December 16, 1946, trains were extended from Atlantic Avenue to New Lots Avenue during late nights, running express between Atlantic and Franklin Avenues.[9][10]

The New York City Board of Transportation, predecessor to the New York City Transit Authority, began to introduce replacements to older subway cars beginning with the R12 cars in 1948. With these cars, numbers were publicly designated to the former IRT lines. Lexington–Jerome trains were assigned the number 4. By 1964, all cars had the route numbers on them.[11]

During 1950, Saturday morning service was cut back to South Ferry.

Starting on December 15, 1950, four 4 trains began operating during rush hours to Flatbush Avenue on the Nostrand Avenue Line.[9][12] Also on that day, weekday midday service was cut back from Atlantic Avenue to South Ferry. Additionally, on January 18, 1952, 4 service to Atlantic Avenue during weekday middays was restored.[13]

On March 19, 1954, late-night service in Brooklyn began making all stops, but resumed operating express between Atlantic Avenue and Franklin Avenue on June 29, 1956.

On May 3, 1957, the weekday rush trains to Flatbush Avenue were discontinued, while at the same time evening, Saturday and Sunday afternoon trains were extended to Utica Avenue, while Sunday morning trains were extended to Atlantic Avenue.

Starting on March 1, 1960, late-night 4 trains resumed making all stops in Manhattan; this was the first time the 4 and 6 ran local in Manhattan together late nights. This arrangement ended on October 17, 1965, when the 4 went back express in Manhattan late nights.

Beginning on April 8, 1960, nearly all AM rush hour 4 trains ran to Flatbush Avenue, and PM rush hour 4 trains alternated between Flatbush and Utica Avenues. During weekday evenings and late nights 4 trains also went to Flatbush Avenue, making all stops in Brooklyn.[4]

As a result of the opening of the main portion of the Chrystie Street Connection along the Manhattan Bridge on November 26, 1967, the 4 train was color coded magenta under the first color scheme. The color coding of lines was introduced as a matter of having a universal system of signage and nomenclature.

By 1972, the 4 began to skip 138th Street weekdays during rush hours in the peak direction which it continues to do (AM to Manhattan and PM from there). At that time, the 4 went to Atlantic Avenue at all times, but was extended to Utica Avenue rush hours running express in Brooklyn along Eastern Parkway. Select 4 trains also ran to Flatbush Avenue rush hours as well running express between Atlantic and Franklin Avenues, and late night service was still all stops in Brooklyn to Flatbush Avenue.[14]

On May 23, 1976, Sunday morning trains were extended to Utica Avenue, express in Brooklyn.

Beginning on January 13, 1980, all 4 trains resumed operating local in Manhattan during late night hours to replace the 6, which again became the Pelham Shuttle between 125th Street and Pelham Bay Park.[4] This service cut affected 15,000 riders, and was criticized by Manhattan Borough President Andrew Stein as no public hearing was held.[15] While late night 6 service to Brooklyn Bridge was restored on October 3, 1999, the 4 continues to run local at those times.[4]

Starting on July 10, 1983, all 4 trains ran to Utica Avenue, but weekday midday trains ran only to Atlantic Avenue, and late-night trains ran local during late nights and Sunday morning operating to New Lots Avenue.[16] On August 29, 1988, the current service pattern began with weekday midday 4 trains also going to Utica Avenue, and the 5 terminating at Bowling Green to make room for this (the 5 has since been extended to Flatbush Avenue with the 2 weekdays until 8:45pm).[4] In April 2000, midday 4 service was cut back from Utica Avenue to Atlantic Avenue.[17]

Bronx-bound 4 train of R142As leaving 125th Street

From June 8, 2009, to June 26, 2009, New York City Transit conducted a pilot program for express Jerome Avenue Line service. Four morning weekday rush hour trains from Woodlawn stopped at Mosholu Parkway, Burnside Avenue and 149th Street–Grand Concourse before they resumed regular service in Manhattan and Brooklyn.[4][18][19]

On July 6, 2009, select Bronx bound 4 trains began running express from 167th Street to Burnside Avenue to terminate at the latter station before running out of service to the Jerome Yard.

On October 26, 2009, another 4 express pilot program was implemented based on the success of the first and ran until December 11, 2009. This program was the same as the one in June except that express trains stopped at Bedford Park Boulevard–Lehman College.[4][20]

As a result of planned repairs to Hurricane Sandy-related damage in the Clark Street Tube, which carries the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, on weekends from June 17, 2017 to June 24, 2018, the 4 was extended to New Lots Avenue on weekends, making local stops in Brooklyn south of Nevins Street in place of the 3.[21][22].

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the 4, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[23]

Line From To Tracks Times
all ex. nights late nights rush peak
IRT Jerome Avenue Line (full line) Woodlawn 149th Street–Grand Concourse local      
138th Street–Grand Concourse  
IRT Lexington Avenue Line (full line) 125th Street Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall express    
local      
Fulton Street Bowling Green all    
Joralemon Street Tunnel
IRT Eastern Parkway Line (full line) Borough Hall Nevins Street express
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center Crown Heights–Utica Avenue  
local      
IRT New Lots Line (full line) Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road New Lots Avenue all Limited service

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops late nights and weekends Stops late nights and weekends only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service)
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access ↓
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
4 service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections/Notes
The Bronx
Jerome Avenue Line
Stops all times Woodlawn
Stops all times Mosholu Parkway
Stops all times Bedford Park Boulevard–Lehman College Some southbound rush hour trips begin at this station
Some northbound p.m. rush hour trips terminate at this station
Stops all times Kingsbridge Road Some southbound p.m. rush hour trips begin at this station
Stops all times Fordham Road Handicapped/disabled access Bx12 Select Bus Service
Stops all times 183rd Street
Stops all times Burnside Avenue Some northbound rush hour trips terminate at this station
Stops all times 176th Street Skipped by trains terminating at Burnside Avenue
Stops all times Mount Eden Avenue Skipped by trains terminating at Burnside Avenue
Stops all times 170th Street Skipped by trains terminating at Burnside Avenue
Stops all times 167th Street
Stops all times 161st Street–Yankee Stadium Handicapped/disabled access B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.D all except rush hours, peak direction (IND Concourse Line) Bx6 Select Bus Service
Stops all times 149th Street–Grand Concourse 2 all times5 all times except late nights (IRT White Plains Road Line)
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction 138th Street–Grand Concourse 5 all except late nights
Manhattan
Lexington Avenue Line
Stops all times 125th Street Handicapped/disabled access 5 all times except late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction Metro-North Railroad at Harlem–125th Street
M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Stops late nights only 116th Street 6 all times
Stops late nights only 110th Street 6 all times
Stops late nights only 103rd Street 6 all times
Stops late nights only 96th Street 6 all times
Stops all times 86th Street 5 all times except late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction M86 Select Bus Service
Stops late nights only 77th Street 6 all times M79 Select Bus Service
Stops late nights only 68th Street–Hunter College 6 all times
Stops all times 59th Street 5 all times except late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
N all timesR all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line)
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard: F all timesN limited weekday rush hour service onlyQ all timesR one a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only (63rd Street Lines at Lexington Avenue–63rd Street)
Roosevelt Island Tramway
Stops late nights only 51st Street Handicapped/disabled access 6 all times
E all times (IND Queens Boulevard Line at Lexington Avenue–53rd Street)
Stops all times Grand Central–42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 5 all times except late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction​ (IRT Flushing Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Metro-North Railroad at Grand Central Terminal
Stops late nights only 33rd Street 6 all times
Station closed 28th Street Handicapped/disabled access ↓ 6 all times Station is ADA-accessible in the southbound direction only; elevator is out of service.
Station is closed for renovations as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative until December 2018.
Stops late nights only 23rd Street Handicapped/disabled access 6 all times M23 Select Bus Service
Stops all times 14th Street–Union Square Elevator access to mezzanine only 5 all times except late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
N all timesQ all timesR all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line)
Stops late nights only Astor Place 6 all times
Stops late nights only Bleecker Street Handicapped/disabled access 6 all times
D all timesF all times (IND Sixth Avenue Line at Broadway–Lafayette Street)
Stops late nights only Spring Street 6 all times
Stops late nights only Canal Street Handicapped/disabled access 6 all times
N all timesQ late nights only (BMT Broadway Line)
J all times (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Stops all times Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall Handicapped/disabled access 5 all times except late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
J all timesZ rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line at Chambers Street)
Stops all times Fulton Street Handicapped/disabled access 5 all except late nights
2 all times3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
A all timesC all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
J all timesZ rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Connection to N late nightsR all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line) at Cortlandt Street via Dey Street Passageway

PATH at World Trade Center

Stops all times Wall Street 5 all except late nights
Stops all times Bowling Green Handicapped/disabled access 5 all except late nights Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal
Brooklyn
Eastern Parkway Line
Stops all times Borough Hall Handicapped/disabled access ↑ 5 weekdays only
2 all times3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
N late nights R all timesW limited rush hour service only (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction only.
Stops all times Nevins Street 2 all times3 all except late nights ​​5 weekdays only
Stops all times Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times3 all except late nights ​​5 weekdays only
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
D all timesN all timesR all timesW limited rush hour service only (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops late nights only Bergen Street 2 all times
Stops late nights only Grand Army Plaza 2 all times
Stops late nights only Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum 2 all times
Stops all times Franklin Avenue 2 all times3 all except late nights ​​5 weekdays only
S all times (BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
Stops late nights only Nostrand Avenue B44 Select Bus Service
Stops late nights only Kingston Avenue
Stops all times Crown Heights–Utica Avenue Handicapped/disabled access 2 limited rush hour service in the peak direction3 all except late nights ​​5 limited rush hour service only B46 Select Bus Service
New Lots Line (late nights and select rush hour trips)
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops late nights only Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road 2 limited rush hour service in the peak direction3 all except late nights ​​5 limited a.m. rush hour service in the northbound direction only B15 bus to JFK Airport
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops late nights only Saratoga Avenue 2 limited rush hour service in the peak direction3 all except late nights ​​5 limited a.m. rush hour service in the northbound direction only
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops late nights only Rockaway Avenue 2 limited rush hour service in the peak direction3 all except late nights ​​5 limited a.m. rush hour service in the northbound direction only
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops late nights only Junius Street 2 limited rush hour service in the peak direction3 all except late nights ​​5 limited a.m. rush hour service in the northbound direction only
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops late nights only Pennsylvania Avenue 2 limited rush hour service in the peak direction3 all except late nights ​​5 limited a.m. rush hour service in the northbound direction only
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops late nights only Van Siclen Avenue 2 limited rush hour service in the peak direction3 all except late nights ​​5 limited a.m. rush hour service in the northbound direction only
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops late nights only New Lots Avenue 2 limited rush hour service in the peak direction3 all except late nights ​​5 limited a.m. rush hour service in the northbound direction only B15 bus to JFK Airport

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://erausa.org/pdf/bulletin/2018-07-bulletin.pdf
  2. ^ "4 Subway Timetable, Effective June 24, 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 24, 2018.
  3. ^ http://web.mta.info/developers/resources/line_colors.htm
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "NYCT Line by Line History". www.erictb.info. Retrieved 2016-09-23.
  5. ^ "An Improvement in Service for Passengers on the Jerome Avenue Line North of 167th Street". pudl.princeton.edu. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. December 11, 1921. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
  6. ^ "Increased I.R.T. Subway Service in Brooklyn". pudl.princeton.edu. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. November 1925. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
  7. ^ "24-Hour Express Service on IRT To Become Effective at Midnight" (PDF). New York Times. May 9, 1946. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  8. ^ Report for the three and one-half years ending June 30, 1949. New York City Board of Transportation. 1949.
  9. ^ a b "NYCT Line by Line History". www.erictb.info. Retrieved 2016-02-23.
  10. ^ "City to Increase Subway Service On the IRT and BMT Lines Today" (PDF). New York Times. December 12, 1946. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  11. ^ "Line Names". www.thejoekorner.com. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
  12. ^ "BROOKLYN I.R.T. CHANGE; 4 Lexington Avenue Expresses to Serve Flatbush Station" (PDF). New York Times. December 15, 1950. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  13. ^ "Changes on I.R.T. Set: Additional Express Service on Brooklyn, Flushing Lines Day" (PDF). New York Times. January 10, 1952. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  14. ^ http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/caption.pl?/img/maps/system_1972.jpg
  15. ^ "Suit seeks to bar cutbacks on Lexington Ave. subways". New York Daily News. January 11, 1980. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  16. ^ "New IRT Schedules - Increased Service to Flatbush Avenue". New York Division Bulletin. July 1983.
  17. ^ "Timetable for subway service on the 4 Train Effective Spring 2000". New York City Transit. April 2000. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  18. ^ "MTA New York City Transit Pilots Bronx Express Service Along the Jerome Ave. Line" (Press release). New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2009-06-04. Retrieved 2009-06-08.
  19. ^ "Bronx Express Pilot Program June 8 to 26, Monday to Friday, 7 AM to 8 AM". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2009-06-10. Archived from the original on 2009-06-10. Retrieved 2016-09-23.
  20. ^ "Bronx Express Phase II October 26 to December 11, Monday to Friday, 7 AM to 8:20 AM". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2009-11-22. Archived from the original on 2009-11-22. Retrieved 2016-09-23.
  21. ^ "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting December 2016" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 12, 2016. pp. PDF-169 to PDF-175. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-10. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  22. ^ "Clark St Tunnel Reconstruction Weekend Service Changes". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 8, 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-06-08. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  23. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017.

External links[edit]