4 (New York City Subway service)

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For the former Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation 4 service, see N (New York City Subway service).
Lexington Avenue Express
4 symbol
Manhattan bound R142 4 train enters Yankee Stadium.jpg
A train made of R142 cars in 4 service, enters 161st Street – Yankee Stadium, bound for Manhattan and Brooklyn.
Manhattan bound R142A 4 train enters Yankee Stadium.jpg
A train made of R142A cars in 4 service, enters 161st Street – Yankee Stadium, bound for Manhattan and Brooklyn.
4 map
Note: dashed line shows limited rush hour and late night service to/from New Lots Avenue
Northern end Woodlawn
Southern end Utica Avenue or
New Lots Avenue (late nights & limited rush hour service)
Stations 54
Rolling stock R142, R142A
Depot Jerome Avenue Yard

The 4 Lexington Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored apple green since it uses the IRT Lexington Avenue Line in Manhattan.[1] 4 trains operate between Woodlawn in the Bronx and Utica Avenue in Crown Heights, Brooklyn via Jerome Avenue Local in the Bronx and Eastern Parkway Express in Brooklyn at all times except nights. During nights, they serve all stops except Hoyt Street and are extended to/from New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn via Livonia Avenue as a replacement for the 3. During rush hours, 4 trains skip 138th Street – Grand Concourse in the peak direction, with some northbound 4 trains running express north of 167th Street and short turning at Burnside Avenue, as well as a limited number of them extending to/from New Lots Avenue for storage at Livonia Avenue Yard.

Service history[edit]

R12 IRT 4.gif
R12 thru R36 end rollsign
4 (1967-1979 New York City Subway bullet).svg
1967-1979 bullet

During the extension of the IRT Lexington Avenue Line north of 42nd Street – Grand Central Terminal, shuttle elevated trains served the IRT Jerome Avenue Line (which at the time was only between East 149th Street – Grand Concourse and Kingsbridge Road) starting June 2, 1917.[2] On April 15, 1918, shuttles were extended to Woodlawn. A second shuttle, using subway cars, from 149th Street – Grand Concourse to Grand Central started on July 17, 1918.

On August 1, 1918, the entire Jerome and Lexington Avenue Lines were completed and the connection to the Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line at 42nd Street was removed. Trains began running between Woodlawn and Bowling Green.[2]

Beginning on November 24, 1925, rush hour 4 trains ran to Crown Heights – Utica Avenue.[2] Two years later, on December 5, 1927, weekday evening service was extended to Utica Avenue.[2] The following year, midday 4 service also went to Utica Avenue.[2]

As of 1934, 4 trains ran from Woodlawn to Utica Avenue weekday rush and Saturday morning peak and afternoon, to Atlantic Avenue weekday midday, Saturday morning after the peak, and late nights, and to South Ferry evenings and Sundays. Trains ran express in Manhattan except late nights, and in Brooklyn. This was the first time the 6 became the Pelham Shuttle between Pelham Bay Park and 125th Street – Lexington Avenue.

On August 20, 1938, Saturday morning after the peak service was extended to Utica Avenue.

Beginning on May 10, 1946, all 4 trains were made express during late nights running on 12 minute headways as the 6 went back to Brooklyn Bridge during that time. Previously 4 trains ran local from 2 to 5:30am. At this time 4 trains terminated at Atlantic Avenue.[3]

Beginning on December 16, 1946, trains were extended from Atlantic Avenue to New Lots Avenue during late nights, running express between Atlantic and Franklin Avenues.[4][5]

During 1950, Saturday morning service was cut back to South Ferry.

Starting on December 15, 1950, four 4 trains began operating during rush hours to Flatbush Avenue on the Nostrand Avenue Line.[4][6] Also on that day, weekday midday service was cut back from Atlantic Avenue to South Ferry. Additionally, on January 18, 1952, 4 service to Atlantic Avenue during weekday middays was restored.[7]

On March 19, 1954, late-night service in Brooklyn began making all stops, but resumed operating express between Atlantic Avenue and Franklin Avenue on June 29, 1956.

On May 3, 1957, the weekday rush trains to Flatbush Avenue were discontinued, while at the same time evening, Saturday and Sunday afternoon trains were extended to Utica Avenue, while Sunday morning trains were extended to Atlantic Avenue.

Starting on March 1, 1960, late-night 4 trains resumed making all stops in Manhattan; this was the first time the 4 and 6 ran local in Manhattan together late nights. This arrangement ended on October 17, 1965 when the 4 went back express in Manhattan late nights.

Beginning on April 8, 1960, nearly all AM rush hour 4 trains ran to Flatbush Avenue, and PM rush hour 4 trains alternated between Flatbush and Utica Avenues. During weekday evenings and late nights 4 trains also went to Flatbush Avenue, making all stops in Brooklyn.[2]

By 1972, the 4 began to skip 138th Street weekdays during rush hours in the peak direction which it continues to do (AM to Manhattan and PM from there). At that time, the 4 went to Atlantic Avenue at all times, but was extended to Utica Avenue rush hours running express in Brooklyn along Eastern Parkway. Select 4 trains also ran to Flatbush Avenue rush hours as well running express between Atlantic and Franklin Avenues, and late night service was still all stops in Brooklyn to Flatbush Avenue.[8]

On May 23, 1976, Sunday morning trains were extended to Utica Avenue, express in Brooklyn.

Beginning on January 13, 1980, all 4 trains resumed operating local in Manhattan during late night hours to replace the 6, which again became the Pelham Shuttle between 125th Street and Pelham Bay Park.[2]

Starting on July 10, 1983, all 4 trains ran to Utica Avenue, but weekday midday trains ran only to Atlantic Avenue, and late-night trains ran local during late nights and Sunday morning operating to New Lots Avenue. On August 29, 1988, the current service pattern began with weekday midday 4 trains also going to Utica Avenue, and the 5 terminating at Bowling Green to make room for this (the 5 has since been extended to Flatbush Avenue with the 2 weekdays until 8:45pm).[2]

For a short time in 1990 starting January 21, late-night express service in Manhattan was restored, as the 6 train was extended back to Brooklyn Bridge late nights, but then late-night express service was permanently discontinued on October 5, 1990 when the 6 for the last time was cut back as the Pelham Shuttle to 125th Street – Lexington Avenue.

Beginning on October 3, 1999, the 4 and 6 trains once again began to operate local together in Manhattan when the 6 permanently went back to Brooklyn Bridge late nights.

From June 8, 2009, to June 26, 2009, New York City Transit conducted a pilot program for express Jerome Avenue Line service. Four morning weekday rush hour trains from Woodlawn stopped at Mosholu Parkway, Burnside Avenue and 149th Street – Grand Concourse before they resumed regular service in Manhattan and Brooklyn.[2][9]

Beginning on July 6, 2009, select 4 trains from Utica Avenue began running express between 167th Street and Burnside Avenue to turn there rush hours. When it first started, the stop program for the Woodlawn or Bedford Park bound service on the R142/R142A (the current cars running on the 4) was used until 2011, when a new stop program was introduced on the cars specifically for the 4 to Burnside Avenue.

On October 26, 2009, another 4 express pilot program was implemented based on the success of the first and ran until December 11, 2009. This program was the same as the one in June except that express trains stopped at Bedford Park Boulevard – Lehman College.[2]

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the 4, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:

Line From To Tracks Times
all ex.
nights
late
nights
rush
peak
IRT Jerome Avenue Line (full line) Woodlawn 149th Street – Grand Concourse local      
138th Street – Grand Concourse  
IRT Lexington Avenue Line (full line) 125th Street Brooklyn Bridge – City Hall express    
local      
Fulton Street Bowling Green all    
Joralemon Street Tunnel
IRT Eastern Parkway Line (full line) Borough Hall Nevins Street express
Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center Crown Heights – Utica Avenue  
local      
IRT New Lots Line (full line) Sutter Avenue – Rutland Road New Lots Avenue all  

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Stops weekdays in peak direction only Stops weekdays in the peak direction only
Station closed Station closed
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
4 service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections/Notes
The Bronx
Jerome Avenue Line
Stops all times Woodlawn
Stops all times Mosholu Parkway
Stops all times Bedford Park Boulevard–Lehman College
Stops all times Kingsbridge Road
Stops all times Fordham Road Handicapped/disabled access Bx12 Select Bus Service
Stops all times 183rd Street
Stops all times Burnside Avenue Northern terminal for select rush hour trains
Stops all times 176th Street Skipped by trains terminating at Burnside Avenue
Stops all times Mount Eden Avenue Skipped by trains terminating at Burnside Avenue
Stops all times 170th Street Skipped by trains terminating at Burnside Avenue
Stops all times 167th Street
Stops all times 161st Street–Yankee Stadium Handicapped/disabled access B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. D all except rush hours, peak direction (IND Concourse Line)
Stops all times 149th Street–Grand Concourse 2 all times 5 all except late nights (IRT White Plains Road Line)
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction 138th Street–Grand Concourse 5 all except late nights
Manhattan
Lexington Avenue Line
Stops all times 125th Street Handicapped/disabled access 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction Metro-North Railroad at Harlem–125th Street
M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport
Elevators are out of service until October 3, 2016.
Stops late nights only 116th Street 6 all times
Stops late nights only 110th Street 6 all times
Stops late nights only 103rd Street 6 all times
Stops late nights only 96th Street 6 all times
Stops all times 86th Street 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction M86 Select Bus Service
Stops late nights only 77th Street 6 all times
Stops late nights only 68th Street–Hunter College 6 all times
Stops all times 59th Street 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
N all times Q weekdays R all except late nights (BMT Broadway Line)
Out-of-system transfer with MetroCard: F all times (IND 63rd Street Line at Lexington Avenue–63rd Street)
Roosevelt Island Tramway
Stops late nights only 51st Street Handicapped/disabled access 6 all times
E all times (IND Queens Boulevard Line at Lexington Avenue–53rd Street)
Stops all times Grand Central–42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Metro-North Railroad at Grand Central Terminal
Stops late nights only 33rd Street 6 all times
Stops late nights only 28th Street 6 all times
Stops late nights only 23rd Street 6 all times
Stops all times 14th Street–Union Square 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
N all times Q all times R all except late nights (BMT Broadway Line)
Stops late nights only Astor Place 6 all times
Stops late nights only Bleecker Street Handicapped/disabled access 6 all times
D all times F all times (IND Sixth Avenue Line at Broadway–Lafayette Street)
Stops late nights only Spring Street 6 all times
Stops late nights only Canal Street Handicapped/disabled access 6 all times
N all times Q all times (BMT Broadway Line)
J all times (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Stops all times Brooklyn Bridge–City Hall Handicapped/disabled access 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
J all times Z rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line at Chambers Street)
Elevators are out of service for repairs until May 2017.
Stops all times Fulton Street Handicapped/disabled access 5 all except late nights
2 all times 3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
A all times C all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
J all times Z rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Connection to N late nights R all except late nights (BMT Broadway Line) at Cortlandt Street via Dey Street Passageway
Stops all times Wall Street 5 all except late nights
Stops all times Bowling Green Handicapped/disabled access 5 all except late nights Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal
Brooklyn
Eastern Parkway Line
Stops all times Borough Hall Handicapped/disabled access 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.
2 all times 3 all except late nights (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
N late nights R all except late nights (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction only.
Stops all times Nevins Street 2 all times 3 all except late nights 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.
Stops all times Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times 3 all except late nights 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times (BMT Brighton Line)
D all times N all times R all except late nights (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops late nights only Bergen Street 2 all times
Stops late nights only Grand Army Plaza 2 all times
Stops late nights only Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum 2 all times
Stops all times Franklin Avenue 2 all times 3 all except late nights 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.
S all times (BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
Stops late nights only Nostrand Avenue B44 Select Bus Service
Stops late nights only Kingston Avenue
Stops all times Crown Heights–Utica Avenue Handicapped/disabled access 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 5 special rush hour trips B46 Select Bus Service
New Lots Line (late nights and select rush hour trips)
Stops late nights only Stops rush hours only Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 5 special rush hour trips B15 bus to JFK Airport
Station closed Saratoga Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 5 special rush hour trips Closed for station renovation until fall 2016.[10]
Stops late nights only Stops rush hours only Rockaway Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 5 special rush hour trips
Stops late nights only Stops rush hours only Junius Street 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 5 special rush hour trips
Station closed Pennsylvania Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 5 special rush hour trips Closed for station renovation until fall 2016.[10]
Stops late nights only Stops rush hours only Van Siclen Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 5 special rush hour trips
Stops late nights only Stops rush hours only New Lots Avenue 2 special rush hour trips 3 all except late nights 5 special rush hour trips B15 bus to JFK Airport

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://web.mta.info/developers/resources/line_colors.htm
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j http://www.erictb.info/linehistory.html
  3. ^ "24-Hour Express Service on IRT To Become Effective at Midnight". New York Times. May 9, 1946. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "NYCT Line by Line History". www.erictb.info. Retrieved 2016-02-23. 
  5. ^ "City to Increase Subway Service On the IRT and BMT Lines Today". New York Times. December 12, 1946. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  6. ^ "BROOKLYN I.R.T. CHANGE; 4 Lexington Avenue Expresses to Serve Flatbush Station". New York Times. December 15, 1950. Retrieved February 22, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Changes on I.R.T. Set: Additional Express Service on Brooklyn, Flushing Lines Day". New York Times. January 10, 1952. Retrieved January 25, 2016. 
  8. ^ http://www.nycsubway.org/perl/caption.pl?/img/maps/system_1972.jpg
  9. ^ "MTA New York City Transit Pilots Bronx Express Service Along the Jerome Ave. Line" (Press release). New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2009-06-04. Retrieved 2009-06-08. 
  10. ^ a b http://web.mta.info/nyct/service/serviceRestored_Saratoga_Pennsylvania_Av.pdf

External links[edit]