4 Way Street
|4 Way Street|
|Live album by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young|
April 7, 1971 (original)|
June 15, 1992 (expanded)
|Recorded||June 2–July 5, 1970, New York, Chicago & Los Angeles|
|Genre||Rock, folk rock|
|Producer||David Crosby, Stephen Stills, Graham Nash, Neil Young|
|Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young chronology|
4 Way Street is the third album by Crosby, Stills & Nash, their second as Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young, and their first live album. It was originally released as Atlantic Records SD-2-902, shipping as a gold record and peaking at #1 on the Billboard 200. A document of their tour from the previous year, the live recordings presented were taken from shows at the Fillmore East (New York, New York) on June 2 through June 7, 1970; The Forum (Los Angeles, California) on June 26 through June 28, 1970; and the Auditorium Theatre (Chicago, Illinois) on July 5, 1970.
At the time this album was recorded, tensions between the band members were high, with their dressing-room fights becoming the stuff of rock legend, even being referenced by Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention in their 1971 LP Fillmore East - June 1971. The tensions led to CSNY dissolving shortly after the recording of 4 Way Street; they would reconvene for a stadium tour in the summer of 1974. The next release of new studio material by the group proper would not be until CSN in 1977, without Neil Young.
The original double album LP came packaged in a gatefold sleeve without a track listing. On the gatefold was a black-and-white picture of the band sitting on a bench, with the heads of Graham Nash and David Crosby perfectly framed by a wire clothes hanger hanging in front of them, with recording information and credits in the lower-right-hand corner. The only track listings appear on the album's labels and on the fold-out poster that also included full lyrics.
At the time of these concerts in mid-1970, many songs included on the eventual album had yet to be released as part of the combined and individual work of the four principals. Crosby's "The Lee Shore" had been recorded during the sessions for Déjà Vu but would not appear until the band's 1991 box set. "Love the One You're With" would be the hit single taken from Stephen Stills, Stills's debut solo album, released later that year 1970. "Chicago" by Nash would appear on his Songs for Beginners released in 1971, the same year as 4 Way Street, while "Right Between the Eyes" would be exclusive to this album. "Don't Let It Bring You Down" and "Southern Man" by Young would be released on After the Gold Rush, his third album also released later that year. Crosby's controversial ménage à trois composition "Triad," recorded but not released by his former band The Byrds, had been covered by Jefferson Airplane on their Crown of Creation album but this is the first issued performance by Crosby himself. Young's "On the Way Home" had appeared on the final Buffalo Springfield album, but with a lead vocal by Richie Furay rather than Young. Stills' "49 Bye-Byes/America's Children" medley interpolates the only top ten hit by Buffalo Springfield, his song "For What It's Worth." The band did include both sides of what was at the time of the shows their new record, the single "Ohio" and its b-side "Find the Cost of Freedom."
Sides one and two featured acoustic guitars and demonstrated the band as a group of individuals also pursuing independent careers while sides three and four featured the full band playing electric guitars and rock and roll. On sides one and two and on the 1992 bonus tracks, Crosby, Stills and Young all performed solo, as did Nash on his 1992 bonus track "King Midas In Reverse," while Crosby & Nash previewed their later partnership with "The Lee Shore" and "Right Between the Eyes" performed by the pair.
The album went to #1 upon its release and also garnered a positive review in Rolling Stone where the reviewer called it "their best album to date." Other more recent reviews have also been positive.
Nash produced an expanded form of 4 Way Street for compact disc, released on June 15, 1992. The expanded edition included four solo performances on acoustic guitars, one by each member. Neil Young performed a medley of three songs from his first two solo albums; Stephen Stills included the at-the-time unreleased "Black Queen" from his eponymous debut; Crosby contributed his also yet to be issued "Laughing" from his 1971 debut LP; and Nash performed "King Midas in Reverse," The Hollies' single from 1967, which although credited to Allan Clarke, Nash and Tony Hicks, was written solely by Nash.
Bonus tracks for 1992 compact disc reissue appear appended to disc one after sides one and two. Disc two contains sides three and four.
|1.||"Suite: Judy Blue Eyes"||Stephen Stills||0:33|
|2.||"On the Way Home"||Neil Young||3:19|
|3.||"Teach Your Children"||Graham Nash||2:46|
|5.||"The Lee Shore"||David Crosby||4:14|
|1.||"Right Between the Eyes"||Graham Nash||2:19|
|2.||"Cowgirl in the Sand"||Neil Young||3:50|
|3.||"Don't Let It Bring You Down"||Neil Young||2:35|
|4.||"49 Bye-Byes/America's Children"||Stephen Stills||4:07|
|5.||"Love the One You're With"||Stephen Stills||2:57|
1992 bonus track listing
|12.||"King Midas In Reverse"||Graham Nash, Allan Clarke, Tony Hicks||3:43|
|14.||"Black Queen"||Stephen Stills||6:45|
|15.||"Medley: The Loner/Cinnamon Girl/Down by the River"||Neil Young||9:41|
|1.||"Pre-Road Downs"||Graham Nash||2:48|
|2.||"Long Time Gone"||David Crosby||5:33|
|3.||"Southern Man"||Neil Young||13:15|
|2.||"Carry On"||Stephen Stills||13:06|
|3.||"Find the Cost of Freedom"||Stephen Stills||2:16|
- David Crosby – vocals, guitar
- Stephen Stills – vocals, guitar, piano, organ
- Graham Nash – vocals, guitar, piano, organ
- Neil Young – vocals, guitar
- Calvin "Fuzzy" Samuels – bass
- Johnny Barbata – drums
- Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – producers
- Bill Halverson – engineer
- Gary Burden – art direction/design, photography
- Joel Bernstein – photography
- Henry Diltz – photography
- Joe Gastwirt – digital remastering
|1971||Billboard Pop Albums||1|
|1971||Cash Box Album Charts||2|
|1971||Record World Album Charts||1|
|RIAA – USA||Gold||April 12, 1971|
|RIAA – USA||Platinum||December 18, 1992|
|RIAA – USA||4X Platinum||December 18, 1992|
- Eder, Bruce. 4 Way Street at AllMusic. Retrieved 8 March 2008.
- Christgau, Robert. "Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young > Consumer Guide Reviews". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 8 March 2008.
- 4 Way Street - Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young > Charts & Awards > Billboard Album at AllMusic. Retrieved 8 March 2008.
- Kimball, George (May 21, 1971). "Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young 4 Way Street > Album Review". Rolling Stone (83). Archived from the original on 2008-03-29. Retrieved 8 March 2008.
- Zimmer, Dave, and Diltz, Henry. Crosby Stills & Nash: The Authorized Biography (First edition), St. Martin’s Press, 1984. ISBN 0-312-17660-0, p. 51