4th Corps (Vietnam People's Army)

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Quân đoàn 4
(4th Corps)
ActiveJuly 20, 1974–present
Country Vietnam
AllegianceFlag of the People's Army of Vietnam.svg Vietnam People's Army
BranchActive duty
TypeArmy Corps
RoleRegular force
SizeCorps
Part ofVietnam People's Army
Garrison/HQDĩ An, Bình Dương
EngagementsVietnam War
Cambodian–Vietnamese War
DecorationsHero of the People's Armed Forces
Commanders
Current commanderMaj. Gen. Nguyễn Hoàng
First commanderMaj. Gen. Hoàng Cầm

4th Corps (Vietnamese: Quân đoàn 4) or Cửu Long Corps (Vietnamese: Binh đoàn Cửu Long, literally: Corps of Cửu Long or "Corps of the Mekong") is one of the four regular army corps of the People's Army of Vietnam. First organized in 1974 during the Vietnam War, 4th Corps had a major role in the Ho Chi Minh Campaign and the Cambodian–Vietnamese War. Today the corps is stationed in Dĩ An, Bình Dương.

  • Commander: Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Hoàng
  • Political Commissar: Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Trọng Nghĩa

History[edit]

In July 1973, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam after its 21st conference issued a resolution of strengthening the armed forces in order to unify the country. In executing the issue, three months later the Ministry of Defence and the Military Commission of the Central Committee approved the plan of organizing regular army corps for the Vietnam People's Army. On July 20, 1974,[1] General Võ Nguyên Giáp, Minister of Defence, signed the edict that led to the establishment of the 4th Corps in Đông Nam Bộ, where is located the part of Mekong River called Cửu Long River (Cửu Long Giang or Sông Cửu Long), from which came the name Cửu Long Corps of the unit.[2] The first headquarters of the corps consisted of party committee secretary (bí thư) Hoàng Thế Thiện and commander (tư lệnh) Hoàng Cầm.

During the Ho Chi Minh Campaign, it was 4th Corps that advanced through the delta regions of Phước Long, Biên Hòa and later captured the Special Capital Military District of Saigon and several important targets within Saigon. After the Vietnam War, 4th Corps continued to engage in the Cambodian–Vietnamese War, the corps was awarded the title Hero of the People's Armed Forces (Anh hùng Lực lượng vũ trang nhân dân) in 1980.[2]

Organization[edit]

The command structure of 1st Corps consists of the High Command (Bộ tư lệnh), the Staff of 2nd Corps (Bộ tham mưu), the Political Department (Cục chính trị), the Department of Logistics (Cục hậu cần) and the Department of Technique (Cục kỹ thuật). The combat forces of the corps include the 9th Infantry Division, 7th Infantry Division, 309th Infantry Division, 71st Regiment of Air Defence, 24th Artillery Regiment, 429th Regiment of Special Force and 550th Regiment of Engineers.[2]

Commanders[edit]

Time Commander Notes
1974–1981 Maj. Gen. Hoàng Cầm
1981–1982 Col. Nguyễn Văn Quảng
1982–1988 Maj. Gen. Võ Văn Dần
1988–1991 Maj. Gen. Vũ Văn Thước
1991–1995 Maj. Gen. Lê Văn Dũng Later promoted to General, Director of the General Department of Politics.
1995–1999 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Minh Chu
1999–2004 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Năng Nguyễn Later promoted to Lieutenant General, Deputy Chief of the General Staff.
2004–2010 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Văn Thành
2010–present Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Hoàng

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ministry of Defence of Vietnam (2009). White book of Defence of Vietnam (in Vietnamese). Hanoi: World Publishing House. p. 111.
  2. ^ a b c "Quân đoàn 4" (in Vietnamese). Từ điển Bách khoa toàn thư Việt Nam.
  • High Command of the 4th Corps, Vietnam People's Army (1994). History of the 4th Corps (in Vietnamese). Hanoi: People's Army Publishing House.