4th Michigan Volunteer Cavalry Regiment
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|4th Regiment Michigan Volunteer Cavalry|
Michigan state flag
|Active||August 28, 1862 to July 1, 1865|
4th Michigan Cavalry was a regiment of cavalry in the Union Army during the American Civil War fighting in the western front as part of the Army of the Cumberland. It was noted as being the regiment that captured the fleeing President of the Confederate States of America, Jefferson Davis, as the Confederacy collapsed in the spring of 1865.
The regiment was organized at Detroit, Michigan, and mustered in on August 29, 1862 under the command of Colonel Robert Horatio George Minty of Jackson, Michigan, Lieutenant Colonel of the 3rd Michigan Cavalry Division.
Regimental staff included Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin Dudley Pritchard of Allegan, Michigan, Major Josiah B. Park of Ovid, Major William H. Dickinson of Grand Rapids, Major Horace Gray of Grosse Ile, Surgeon George W. Fish of Flint, Assistant Surgeon John H. Bacon of Lansing, Adjutant Joseph W. Huston of Paw Paw, Quartermaster Walter C. Arthur of Detroit, Quartermaster Chauncey C. Douglass of Grand Rapids and Commissary Edwin H. Porter of Kalamazoo.
Among the men who served in the 4th Michigan Cavalry was James Vernor, Sr., who after the war became a well known pharmacist and the developer of Vernor's Ginger Ale. Another early recruit was future Michigan politician Levi T. Griffin.
After training and drilling, it left the state with an enrolment of 1,233 officers and men on September 26, 1862, for duty in Louisville, Kentucky. It saw its first engagement at Stanford Kentucky, fighting the forces of Confederate General John Morgan, attached to the 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Ohio until November 1862. Other assignments during the war included:
- 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863.
- 1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863.
- 2nd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to November, 1863.
- 1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to November 1864.
- 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Wilson's Cavalry Corps, Military Division of Mississippi, to November 1864.
- 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Division of Mississippi, to July 1865.
The 4th Michigan Cavalry fought alongside the 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry, the 4th United States Cavalry and the Chicago Board of Trade Battery as part of Colonel Minty's Sabre Brigade for much of the war. These units fought at Murfreeboro, Stones River, Shelbyville, Reed's Bridge, Chickamauga, Noonday Creek, Atlanta, Kilpatrick Raid and Selma.
The 4th Michigan Cavalry was involved in the capture of Macon, Georgia, on April 20, 1865, along with Col. Henry Harnden and the 1st Wisconsin Cavalry. Subsequently, a detachment of the regiment participated in the pursuit and capture of Jefferson Davis at Irwinville, Georgia, on May 10. Among the troopers credited with playing a key role in identifying and capturing Davis were George Munger and Andrew Bee. Also involved in the capture of Davis was Corporal John William Bowles of Company M.
The 4th was assigned to routine duty at Macon and then at Nashville, Tennessee, until the end of June. The regiment mustered out on July 1, 1865.
The initial strength of the regiment was 1,233. During its term of service the regiment gained 984 troops, for a total of 2,217 men. Of that number, 3 officers and 48 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded in battle, and 2 officers and 341 enlisted men perished from disease.
George Hiscock was a member of Company B, and the oldest man to enlist at the age of 36. He died on June 23, 1864 from disease, and is buried in Chattanooga, TN.
- The Life and Times of General B. D. Pritchard by James J. Green (Allegan: Allegan County Historical Society, 1979)
- Harper's Weekly (27 May 1865)
- Michigan History Magazine (May/June 2000)
- Turner, George H. (1900). Record of Service of Michigan Volunteers in the Civil War 1861-1865 v.34. Kalamazoo, Michigan: Ihling Bros. & Everard. p. 5.
- "4th Regiment Michigan Cavalry".
- "Grosse Ile".
- "4th Michigan Cavalry".
- "MOLLUS--Commander-in-Chief Mr. James Vernor Jr.".
- Turner, George H. (1900). Record of service of Michigan volunteers in the civil war, 1861-1865. v.34. Kalamazoo, Michigan: Ihling Bros. & Everard. pp. 1, 2.
- "Father Abraham's Children".
- "History - Michigan Cavalry".
- "Civil War Index - 4th Michigan Cavalry in the American Civil War".
- "Fourth Michigan Cavalry (Regimental) Battle Flag".
- Minty and the Cavalry.
- "CAPTAIN HENRY ALBERT POTTER".