4th arrondissement of Paris

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4th arrondissement of Paris
IVe arrondissement
French municipal arrondissement
Notre-Dame, on the Île de la Cité
Paris and its closest suburbs
Paris and its closest suburbs
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Paris
Commune Paris
Government
 • Mayor Ariel Weil
Area
 • Total 1.60 km2 (0.62 sq mi)
Population (8 March 1999 census)[p]
 • Total 30,675
 • Estimate (2005) 28,600
 • Density 19,000/km2 (50,000/sq mi)
^[p] Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
Paris Coat of Arms
The
20 arrondissements
of Paris
17th 18th 19th
  8th 9th 10th 11th 20th
16th 2nd 3rd
1st 4th 12th
River Seine
  7th 6th 5th 13th
15th 14th

The 4th arrondissement of Paris (IVe arrondissement) is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is referred to as quatrième.

The arrondissement, also known as Hôtel-de-Ville, is situated on the right bank of the River Seine.

The 4th arrondissement contains the Renaissance-era Paris City Hall. It also contains the Renaissance square of Place des Vosges, the overtly modern Pompidou Centre, and the lively southern part of the medieval district of Le Marais, which today is known for being the gay district of Paris. (The more quiet northern part of Le Marais is within the 3rd arrondissement). The eastern parts of the Île de la Cité (including Notre-Dame de Paris) as well as the Île Saint-Louis are also included within the 4th arrondissement.

The 4th arrondissement is known for its little streets, cafés, and shops but is often regarded by Parisians as expensive and congested.[citation needed] It is desirable for those wanting old buildings and a mix of many cultures.

Geography[edit]

With a land area of 1.601 km2 (0.618 sq.miles, or 396 acres), the 4th arrondissement is the third smallest arrondissement in the city.

It is bordered to the west by the 1st arrondissement, to the north by the 3rd, to the east by the 11th and 12th, and to the south by the Seine and the 5th.

Demographics[edit]

The peak of population of the 4th arrondissement occurred before 1861, though the arrondissement was defined in its current shape only since the re-organization of Paris in 1860. In 1999, the population was 30,675, and the arrondissement hosted 41,424 jobs.

Historical population[edit]

Year
(of French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km²)
1861 (peak of population)¹ 108,520 67,783
1872 95,003 59,377
1954 70,944 41,638
1962 61,670 38,520
1968 54,029 33,747
1975 40,466 25,275
1982 33,990 21,230
1990 32,226 20,129
1999 30,675 19,160
2009 28,192 17,620

¹The peak of population in this area occurred before 1861, but the
arrondissement was created in 1860, so there are not accurate figures before 1861.

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of the 4th arrondissement in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
78.1% 21.9%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
0.7% 4.8% 5.6% 10.8%
1This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
2An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

History[edit]

Robert de Vaugondy's map of Paris (4th arrondissement) - 1760

The Île de la Cité has been inhabited since the 1st century BC, when it was occupied by the Parisii tribe of the Gauls. The Right Bank was first settled in the 5th century.

Since the end of the 19th century, le Marais has been populated by a significant Jewish population, the Rue des Rosiers being at the heart of its community. There are a handful of kosher restaurants. Since the 1990s, gay culture has influenced the arrondissement, with new residents opening a number of bars and cafés in the area by the town hall.

Map[edit]

Map of the 4th arrondissement

Cityscape[edit]

Metro 4to arrondissement.png

Places of interest in the arrondissement[edit]

Saint-Jacques Tower circa 1867

Main streets and squares[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°51′20″N 2°21′20″E / 48.85556°N 2.35556°E / 48.85556; 2.35556