5"/54 caliber Mark 16 gun

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5"/54 caliber gun Mark 16
127mm L54 gun on USS Midway (CVA-41) c1964.jpg
A 5"/54 caliber Mark 16 gun on Midway.
Type Naval gun
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1945 – 1993
Used by U.S. Navy and Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force
Wars
Production history
Designer Bureau of Ordnance
Designed 1940
Produced 1945 –
Specifications
Weight 5,361 lb (2,432 kg) (without breech)
Barrel length 270 in (6.9 m) bore (54 calibers)

Shell 70 lb (32 kg) Mark 42 armor-piercing
Caliber 5 inches (127 mm)
Elevation −10° to +85°
Traverse −150° to +150°
Rate of fire 15–18 rounds per minute
Muzzle velocity 2,650 ft/s (810 m/s)
Effective firing range 19,000-yard (17,374 m) at 20° elevation
Maximum firing range
  • 25,909-yard (23,691 m) at 45° elevation
  • 51,600-foot (15,728 m) at 85° elevation (anti-aircraft ceiling)

The 5"/54 caliber Mark 16 gun (spoken "five-inch-fifty-four-caliber") was a late World War II–era naval gun mount used by the United States Navy, and later, the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. These guns, designed specifically for the Montana-class battleships, were to be the replacement for the 5"/38 caliber secondary gun batteries then in widespread use with the US Navy.

Design[edit]

The 5"/54 cal gun turrets were similar to the 5"/38 caliber gun mounts in that they were equally adept in an anti-aircraft role and for damaging smaller ships, but differed in that they weighed more, fired heavier rounds of ammunition, and resulted in faster crew fatigue than the 5"/38 cal. guns.

The ammunition storage for the 5"/54 cal. gun was 500 rounds per turret, and the guns could fire at targets nearly 26,000 yards (24,000 m) away at a 45° angle. At an 85° angle, the guns could hit an aerial target at over 50,000 feet (15,000 m).

The cancellation of the Montana-class battleships in 1943 pushed back the combat debut of the 5"/54 cal guns to 1945, when they were used aboard the US Navy's Midway-class aircraft carriers. The guns proved adequate for the carrier's air defense, but were gradually phased out of use by the carrier fleet because of their weight (rather than having the carrier defend itself by gunnery the task would be assigned to other surrounding ships within a carrier battle group). These mounts were then installed in the Japanese Akizuki-class and Murasame-class destroyers in 1958–59.[1]

Usage[edit]

Ship Gun Installed Gun Mount
USS Montana (BB-67) (cancelled 1943) Mark 16: 20 × 5"/54 caliber Mark 41: 10 × twin mount
USS Ohio (BB-68) (cancelled 1943) Mark 16: 20 × 5"/54 caliber Mark 41: 10 × twin mount
USS Maine (BB-69) (cancelled 1943) Mark 16: 20 × 5"/54 caliber Mark 41: 10 × twin mount
USS New Hampshire (BB-70) (cancelled 1943) Mark 16: 20 × 5"/54 caliber Mark 41: 10 × twin mount
USS Louisiana (BB-71) (cancelled 1943) Mark 16: 20 × 5"/54 caliber Mark 41: 10 × twin mount
USS Midway (CV-41) Mark 16: 18 × 5"/54 caliber (all removed by 1980) Mark 39: 18 × single mount
USS Franklin D. Roosevelt (CV-42) Mark 16: 18 × 5"/54 caliber (some guns removed before retirement in 1977) Mark 39: 18 × single mount
USS Coral Sea (CV-43) Mark 16: 14 × 5"/54 caliber (all removed by 1980) Mark 39: 18 × single mount
USS Mississippi (AG-128) Mark 16: 5"/54 caliber (Unknown quantity–test ship) Unknown
JDS Murasame (DD-107) Mark 16: 3 × 5"/54 caliber Mark 39: 3 × single mount
JDS Yūdachi (DD-108) Mark 16: 3 × 5"/54 caliber Mark 39: 3 × single mount
JDS Harusame (DD-109) Mark 16: 3 × 5"/54 caliber Mark 39: 3 × single mount
JDS Akizuki (DD-161) Mark 16: 3 × 5"/54 caliber Mark 39: 3 × single mount
JDS Teruzuki (DD-162) Mark 16: 3 × 5"/54 caliber Mark 39: 3 × single mount

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "United States of America 5"/54 (12.7 cm) Mark 16". Navweaps. 22 November 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2016. 

External links[edit]