5-formyltetrahydrofolate cyclo-ligase

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5-formyltetrahydrofolate cyclo-ligase
EC number6.3.3.2
CAS number37318-64-2
IntEnzIntEnz view
ExPASyNiceZyme view
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a 5-formyltetrahydrofolate cyclo-ligase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

ATP + 5-formyltetrahydrofolate (folinic acid) ADP + phosphate + 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and 5-formyltetrahydrofolate, whereas its 3 products are ADP, phosphate, and 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate.

This enzyme belongs to the family of ligases, specifically the cyclo-ligases, which form carbon-nitrogen bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 5-formyltetrahydrofolate cyclo-ligase (ADP-forming). Other names in common use include 5,10-methenyltetrahydrofolate synthetase (MTHFS), formyltetrahydrofolic cyclodehydrase, and 5-formyltetrahydrofolate cyclodehydrase. This enzyme participates in one carbon pool by folate.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 5 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1SBQ, 1SOU, 1U3F, 1U3G, and 2JCB.


  • Greenberg DM, Wynston LK, Nagabhushanan A (1965). "Further studies on N5-formyltetrahydrofolic acid cyclodehydrase". Biochemistry. 4 (9): 1872–1878. doi:10.1021/bi00885a026.