5.56×30mm MINSAS

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5.56×30mm MINSAS
TypePersonal defense weapon
Place of originIndia
Service history
Used byIndian Armed Forces
Production history
ManufacturerAmmunition Factory Khadki[1]
Bullet diameter5.56 mm (0.218 in)
Case length30 mm (1.181 in)
Overall length42 mm (1.654 in)
Ballistic performance
Bullet mass/type Velocity Energy
2.6 g (40 gr) 650 m/s (2,100 ft/s) 550 J (410 ft⋅lbf)
Test barrel length: 300mm
Source(s): [2][3]

The 5.56×30mm MINSAS is a firearm cartridge manufactured by India's Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) for close-quarters combat use. It has an effective range of 300 metres (980 ft) and good penetration against body armor.[2] OFB claims it exhibits penetration superior to 9mm.[4]

The MINSAS is being manufactured at Ammunition Factory Khadki in Pune.[5]


The first reports of the MINSAS being developed was from 2009 when the MSMC was announced to be in development.[6] DRDO reported that the MINSAS can penetrate both soft body armor and 3.5 mm MS plates at 100 meters.[3]

It was known as the 5.56x30mm INSAS, named after the planned INSAS carbine.[7]


The 5.56×30mm MINSAS round has a total length of 42mm and a total weight of 6g.[8] The bullet length is at 17mm and the weight at 2.6g.[8]

It has a range up to 200 meters.[3] The catridge has a muzzle velocity reportedly close to 900 m/s (2,950 ft/s), with a projectile of approximately 2.6 grams (40 grains).[9]


The MINSAS is available in Ball, Drill, Proof and Blank-type rounds.[3]


Name Country Type Note
Modern Sub Machine Carbine India Submachine Gun [10][11]
Amogh carbine India Carbine [12]
Zittara India (Based on Tavor from Israel) Carbine [13][14]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Indigenous carbine passes final user trials: Ordnance Factory Board". 16 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b Max Popenker. "Modern Sub Machine Carbine / MSMC submachine gun (India)". World Guns. Archived from the original on 2010-05-22. Retrieved 2010-03-18.
  3. ^ a b c d https://www.drdo.gov.in/sites/default/files/technology-focus-documrnt/TF_Oct_2021.pdf
  4. ^ "Indian MSMC carbine". Firearms World. Archived from the original on 2015-08-15. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
  5. ^ "Indian Army to get 'Made in India' carbines designed by DRDO".
  6. ^ "India's new Modern Submachine Carbine (MSMC) and 5.56x30mm Ammunition -". 31 August 2009.
  7. ^ "New 5.56x30mm Cartridge from India « Daily Bulletin". bulletin.accurateshooter.com. Retrieved 2024-03-19.
  8. ^ a b "印度MSMC冲锋枪 ——〖枪炮世界〗". pewpewpew.work. Retrieved 2024-03-19.
  9. ^ "Indian PDWs: AMOGH/MINSAS Carbine, the INSAS That Never Grew Up -". The Firearm Blog. 2017-10-31. Retrieved 2024-03-19.
  10. ^ "14 Weapon Systems That Prove Indian Military is Modernizing". 2016-06-06. Retrieved 2024-03-19.
  11. ^ "DRDO's new carbine clears Army's final trials, ready for use". The Indian Express. 2020-12-25. Retrieved 2024-03-19.
  12. ^ "Ordnance Factory Board". ofbindia.gov.in. Archived from the original on 2 August 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  13. ^ "Tavor in India : Israeli Assault Rifle's Journey and Prospects in India – Strategic Frontier". Retrieved 2024-03-19.
  14. ^ "Defexpo 2006 – Asymmetric Warfare - Defense Update:". 2006-08-16. Retrieved 2024-03-19.