503d Air Defense Group
|503d Air Defense Group
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Defense Command|
The 503d Air Defense Group is an inactive United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with the 25th Air Division of Air Defense Command at Portland International Airport, Oregon. It was inactivated on 18 August 1955.
The group was originally activated as a support group at the end of World War II and provided logistics and administrative support for the 86th Fighter Group in Germany until 1946, when the group returned to the United States, where it supported the 56th Fighter Group. It was discontinued when the USAF reorganized its combat and support units on its bases into a single wing.
The group was activated once again in 1953, when ADC established it as the headquarters for two dispersed fighter-interceptor squadrons and the medical, maintenance, and administrative squadrons supporting them. It was replaced in 1955 when ADC transferred its mission, equipment, and personnel to the 337th Fighter Group in a project that replaced air defense groups commanding fighter squadrons with fighter groups with distinguished records during World War II.
World War II
The group was activated as the 503d Air Service Group toward the end of World War II, shortly after V-E Day in a reorganization of Army Air Forces (AAF) support groups in which the AAF replaced Service Groups that included personnel from other branches of the Army and supported two combat groups with Air Service Groups including only Air Corps units. Designed to support a single combat group. Its 921st Air Engineering Squadron provided maintenance that was beyond the capability of the combat group, its 745th Air Materiel Squadron handled all supply matters, and its Headquarters & Base Services Squadron provided other support. it supported the 86th Fighter Group, as part of the occupation forces in Germany until 1946. The group returned to the US and supported the 56th Fighter Group at Selfridge Field, Michigan In October 1946, the group deployed a detachment to Ladd Field, Alaska for Arctic Training. In 1947 the group and its squadrons were inactivated and replaced the 56th Airdrome Group, 56th Maintenance & Supply Group, and 56th Station Medical Group as the Air Force began a service test of the Wing/Base reorganization (Hobson Plan), which was adopted to unify control at air bases. It was disbanded in 1948.
During the Cold War The group was reconstituted, redesignated as the 503d Air Defense Group, and activated at Portland International Airport 18 February 1953, with the mission to train and maintain interceptor squadrons in state of readiness in order to defend Northwest United States. The 357th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (FIS), which was already stationed at Portland International Airport and Flying North American F-86 Sabres was assigned as the operational component of the group. The group replaced the 89th Air Base Squadron as host organization for active duty USAF units at Portland International Airport. It was assigned three squadrons to perform its support responsibilities.
Two days later, the 497th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, flying Lockheed F-94 Starfire aircraft equipped with airborne intercept radar and armed with 20 mm cannons, was activated as the group's permanent operational squadron. In May 1953, the 357th FIS was transferred to French Morocco and was reassigned. In 1954, the 497th FIS converted to Northrop F-89 Scorpion aircraft armed with Mighty Mouse rockets. The group was inactivated and replaced by the 337th Fighter Group (Defense) in 1955 as part of ADC's Project Arrow, which was designed to bring back on the active list the fighter units which had compiled memorable records in the two world wars. The group was disbanded once again in 1984, but reconstituted in 1985 as a base support organization. It has never been active since then.
- Constituted as 503d Air Service Group on 16 December 1944
- Activated on 6 June 1945
- Inactivated on 15 August 1947
- Disbanded on 8 October 1948
- Reconstituted and redesignated 503d Air Defense Group on 21 January 1953
- Activated on 16 February 1953
- Inactivated on 18 August 1955.
- Disbanded on 27 September 1984
- Reconstituted on 31 July 1985 and redesignated 503d Combat Support Group.
- Ninth Air Force, 6 Jun 1945
- IX Air Force Service Command, 25 Oct 1945
- XII Tactical Air Command, 15 December 1945
- 64th Fighter Wing, 15 February 1946 - March 1946
- Strategic Air Command March 1946 - June 1946
- Fifteenth Air Force June 1946 - 15 August 1947
- 4704th Air Defense Wing, 16 February 1953 - 8 October 1954
- 25th Air Division, 8 October 1954 – 18 Aug 1955
- 357th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 16 Feb 1953 – 25 May 1953
- 497th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 18 Feb 1953 – 18 Aug 1955
- 503d Air Base Squadron, 16 Feb 1953 - 18 Aug 1955
- 503d Materiel Squadron, 16 Feb 1953 - 18 Aug 1955
- 503d Medical Squadron (later 503d USAF Infirmary), 16 Feb 1953 - 18 Aug 1955
- 745th Air Materiel Squadron, 6 June 1945 - 15 Aug 1947 (not manned 15 Feb 1946-unknown)
- 921st Air Engineering Squadron, 6 June 1945 - 15 Aug 1947 (not manned 14 Feb 1946-Apr 1946)
- Gross Gerau, Germany 6 June 1945 - Sep 1945
- AAF Station Schweinfurt, Germany Sep 1945 - Feb 1946
- Bolling Field, District of Columbia, Feb 1946 - April 1946
- Selfridge Field, Michigan, Apr 1946 - 15 Aug 1947
- Portland International Airport, Oregon, 1 Feb 1952 – 18 Aug 1955
- North American F-86F Sabre, 1953
- Northrop F-89D Scorpion, 1954–1955
- Lockheed F-94A Starfire, 1953–1954
- Lockheed F-94B Starfire, 1953
- Unknown, 6 June 1945 - 11 June 1945
- Lt Col. Michael J. King, 11 June 1945 - unknown
- Lt Col. Hugh A. Griffith, ca. 22 May 1946 - 1946
- Lt Col. John A. Carey, 1946 - unknown
- Col. Frank W. Seifert, December 1946 - 14 January 1947
- Lt Col. John W. Gaff, Jr. 14 January 1947 - 1947
- Unknown, 16 February 1953 - 18 August 1955
|World War II Army of Occupation (Germany)||9 May 1945-February 1946||503d Air Service Group|
- Aerospace Defense Command Fighter Squadrons
- List of F-86 Sabre units
- F-89 Scorpion units of the United States Air Force
- F-94 Starfire units of the United States Air Force
- "Abstract, History 503 Air Service Group Jun 1945". Air Force History Index. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- Coleman, p. 208
- Robertson, Patsy (2010-04-27). "Factsheet 86 Operations Group (USAFE)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
- Robertson, Patsy (2009-05-18). "Factsheet 56 Operations Group (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
- "Abstract, History 503 Air Service Group May-Jun 1946". Air Force History Index. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- "Abstract, History 503 Air Service Group Oct 1946". Air Force History Index. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- "Abstract, History 503 Air Service Group Nov 1946". Air Force History Index. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- Ravenstein, p. 10
- Goss, in Craven & Cate, p. 75
- Department of the Air Force Letter, 322 (AFOOR 887e), 8 October 1948, Subject: Disbandment of Certain Inactive Air Force Units
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 81
- Cornett & Johnson, p.127
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 445
- Cornett & Johnson p. 146
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 130
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p.599
- Maurer, Combat Units, p. 215
- Buss, Sturm, Volan, Denys & McMullen, p.6
- Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 575q, 27 Sep 1984, Subject: Disbandment of Units
- Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 648q, 31 Jul 1985, Subject: Reconstitution, Redesignation and Consolidation of Selected Air Force Organizations
- "Abstract, History 503 Air Service Group Oct 1945". Air Force History Index. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- "Abstract, History 503 Air Service Group Dec 1945". Air Force History Index. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- see "Abstract, History 745 Air Materiel Squadron, Feb 1946". Air Force History Index. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- Robertson, Patsy (December 4, 2012). "Factsheet 357 Fighter Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
- Robertson, Patsy (June 20, 2011). "Factsheet 497 Combat Training Flight (PACAF)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
- See "Abstract, History 503 Infirmary, Jan-Jun 1955". Air Force History Index. Retrieved June 19, 2012.
- "Abstract, History 745 Air Materiel Squadron Feb 1945". Air Force History Index. Retrieved June 19, 2012.
- "Abstract, History 921 Air Engineering Squadron Feb 1945". Air Force History Index. Retrieved June 19, 2012.
- "Abstract, History 503 Air Service Group Sep 1945". Air Force History Index. Retrieved June 19, 2012.
- Mueller, p. 44
- "Abstract, History 503 Air Service Group Aug 1946". Air Force History Index. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- "Abstract, History 503 Air Service Group Jan 1947". Air Force History Index. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- Buss, Lydus H.(ed), Sturm, Thomas A., Volan, Denys, and McMullen, Richard F., History of Continental Air Defense Command and Air Defense Command July to December 1955, Directorate of Historical Services, Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO, 1956
- Coleman, John M (1950). The Development of Tactical Services in the Army Air Forces. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946 - 1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center.
- Goss, William A (1955). "The Organization and its Responsibilities, Chapter 2 The AAF". In Craven, Wesley F; Cate, James L. The Army Air Forces in World War II. Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 79007244. OCLC 704158.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- Grant, C.L., (1961) The Development of Continental Air Defense to 1 September 1954, USAF Historical Study No. 126
- Leonard, Barry (2009). History of Strategic Air and Ballistic Missile Defense (PDF). Vol I. 1945-1955. Fort McNair, DC: Center for Military History. ISBN 978-1-4379-2131-1.