507th Parachute Infantry Regiment (United States)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|507th Parachute Infantry Regiment
507th Infantry Regiment
|Branch||United States Army|
|Part of||17th Airborne Division
Airborne and Ranger Training Brigade
|Motto(s)||"Down to Earth"|
|Engagements||World War II|
|LTC Korey Brown (1st Bn, 507th PIR; July 2014 until Present)|
|COL Edson Raff|
|U.S. Infantry Regiments|
|506th Infantry Regiment||508th Infantry Regiment|
The 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment (507th PIR), now the 507th Infantry Regiment, was an airborne infantry regiment of the United States Army. The regiment was initially assigned to the 82nd Airborne Division in World War II before transferring to the 17th Airborne Division.
World War II
The 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment was initially formed at Camp Toccoa, Georgia on 20 July 1942, under command of Colonel George V. Millett. It would participate in three operations during World War II: D-Day, the Battle of the Bulge and Operation Varsity.
As part of the 2nd Airborne Brigade alongside a sister unit, the 508th Parachute Infantry Regiment, the 507th PIR was assigned to the 82nd Airborne Division to replace the 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment, which had suffered many casualties while serving, with great distinction, in the fighting in Italy. The regiment arrived in the United Kingdom in late 1943, and began training and preparing for the invasion of Normandy, scheduled for the spring of 1944. Their D-Day objective during the American airborne landings in Normandy was to help secure the Merderet River crossings. Although their target was supposed to be in Drop Zone T, north of Amfreville, the confusion caused by clouds and flak resulted in a wide scattering of the unit. Elements of the 3rd Battalion were involved in the Battle of Graignes. Colonel Millett, the regimental commander, was captured in Amfreville a few days after being deployed. Colonel Edson Raff, who had recently led the 509th Parachute Infantry Battalion, then took command of the regiment. The 507th PIR later became known as Raff's Ruffians. The 507th continued to fight in the Battle of Normandy, sustaining heavy casualties (losing almost 200 men in two days shortly before being withdrawn), before returning to England in July.
Soon after the return to England the 507th was permanently assigned to the 17th Airborne Division, because another of the 82nd's regiments, the 504th Parachute Infantry, had by then returned from fighting at Anzio.
As part of the 17th Airborne, the 507th was not utilized in Operation Market Garden in September 1944 and was still in England training with the new division when the Battle of the Bulge began in December 1944. The 507th redeployed to France on 25 December, and was used in the counter-attacks against the Germans in January and early February 1945.
Finally, the 507th Parachute Infantry dropped near Wesel, Germany on 24 March to spearhead the division's assault during Operation Varsity, the airborne crossing of the Rhine. During this action, Private George Peters earned the Medal of Honor for single-handedly attacking a German machine gun emplacement. The regiment subsequently spearheaded the division's advance into Germany, where it ended the war in May 1945.
The 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment was shipped home to the United States and inactivated in September 1945.
The regiment was briefly re-activated in the late 1940s, then again in 1985. On 23 October 1985, it was reorganized and redesignated as the 507th Infantry, a parent regiment under the U.S. Army Regimental System, and transferred to the U.S. Army Training and Doctine Command. The 1st Battalion serves as the training unit for the U.S. Army Airborne School. Its Headquarters and Headquarters Company (HHC) conducts the Jumpmaster and Pathfinder Courses. Companies A, B, and C conduct the Basic Airborne Course. (Company D, currently inactive, also conducted the Basic Airborne Course.) Company E is a Parachute Rigger Company.
In 2004, two documentaries aired on the 507th. PBS aired the documentary, D-Day: Down to Earth — Return of the 507th. This film connects the regiment's contribution in the war with their journey back to Normandy for the unveiling of a monument in 2002. On 1 June 2004, Investigating History aired, D-Day: The Secret Massacre. The story focuses on the German massacre of French civilians, and wounded paratroopers of the 507th, in retaliation for battle at the village of Graignes.
- Bearden, Bob (2007). To D-Day and Back: Adventures with the 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment and Life as A World War II POW. Zenith Press. ISBN 9780760332580. OCLC 123232392.
- Martin K. a. Morgan (2004). Down to Earth: The 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment in Normandy: June 6-July 11, 1944. Schiffer Publishing. ISBN 0-7643-2011-4.