513th Electronic Warfare Squadron

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513th Electronic Warfare Squadron
53d Wing - United States Air Force Warfare Center (USAFWC) Lockheed Martin F-35A Lightning II 09-5007 (15568389597).jpg
53d Wing F-35A Lightning II at Eglin AFB
Active1942-1965; 1986-1997; 2010-present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
RoleElectronic Warfare
Part ofAir Combat Command
Garrison/HQEglin Air Force Base
EngagementsMediterranean Theater of Operations[1]
DecorationsDistinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Air Force Organizational Excellence Award[1]
Insignia
513th Electronic Warfare Squadron emblem (approved 12 July 1994)[1]513th Electronic Warfare Squadron - ACC - Emblem.png
513th Test Squadron emblem (approved 1989) [2]513th Test Sq emblem.png
513th Bombardment Squadron emblem (approved 6 January 1944)[3]513 Bombardment Sq emblem.png

The 513th Electronic Warfare Squadron is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the 53d Electronic Warfare Group, stationed at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.

Mission[edit]

The 513th Electronic Warfare Squadron is a joint-service unit, and will serve as the sole Department of Defense provider of electronic warfare support for the F-35 joint strike fighter. It will operate the $300 million United States Reprogramming Laboratory, that tests all aspects of the joint strike fighter's electronic warfare capability. Half of the staff will be Airmen, while the other half will consist of Navy and Marine members.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

Established in the Middle East during late 1942[1] to aid British Forces during the Western Desert Campaign. Initially equipped with obsolescent Boeing B-17C Flying Fortresses transferred from Tenth Air Force. Replaced with Consolidated B-24 Liberators flown from Florida via South America; over to then across Central Africa then north to Egypt in early 1943. Became part of United States Middle East Air Forces, later Ninth Air Force.

Operating from bases in Palestine, Egypt, Libya and Tunisia, attacked shipping in the Mediterranean and harbor installations in Libya, Tunisia, Sicily, and Italy to cut enemy supply lines to North Africa. Struck airdromes, marshalling yards, and other objectives in Sicily and Italy after the fall of Tunisia in May 1943. Reassigned to Fifteenth Air Force in late 1943, and moved to southern Italy. Squadron flew long range strategic bombardment missions to targets in Italy, France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, and the Balkans to bomb factories, marshalling yards, oil refineries, oil storage facilities, airdromes, bridges, harbors, and other objectives.

After the German Capitulation in May 1945, returned to the United States; was re-equipped with Boeing B-29 Superfortress bombers and trained under Second Air Force for deployment to the Pacific Theater. However, with the Japanese Capitulation in August, the training ended and most personnel demobilized by the end of October. Remained in active status but not fully manned or equipped after November 1945, and subsequently inactivated in March 1946.[1]

Weather reconnaissance[edit]

The squadron was activated as the 513th Reconnaissance Squadron, Very Long Range, Weather on 23 May 1947 but was not manned or equipped, and was inactivated 20 Sep 1948.[1] It was again active as a weather reconnaissance unit from 1949 until 1951.

Strategic Air Command bombardment operations[edit]

Practiced electronic countermeasures with B-29 aircraft from c. 1952 until conversion to Boeing B-47 Stratojet jet medium bombers in 1954. Between 1954 and 1965, the 513th Bombardment Squadron flew a long series of simulated combat bombardment missions to maintain readiness as a unit of the Strategic Air Command, testing electronic warfare devices and radar techniques, using B-47 and EB-47 aircraft. Inactivated in 1965 with the retirement of the B-47.[1]

Operational test unit[edit]

Between 1987 and 1997, conducted operational test and evaluation of Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, Rockwell B-1 Lancer, and Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker aircraft and support systems.

Electronic warfare for F-35[edit]

Activated in April 2010 with an electronic warfare mission, reprogramming the F-35.[1]

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as the 513th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 19 October 1942
Activated on 31 October 1942
Redesignated 513th Bombardment Squadron, Heavy on 3 May 1944
Redesignated 513th Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy on 23 May 1945
Inactivated on 31 March 1946
  • Redesignated 513th Reconnaissance Squadron, Very Long Range, Weather on 6 May 1947
Activated on 23 May 1947
Inactivated on 20 September 1948
  • Activated on 10 August 1949
Inactivated on 20 February 1951
  • Redesignated 513th Bombardment Squadron, Medium on 25 May 1951
Activated on 1 June 1951
Discontinued and inactivated on 15 March 1965
  • Redesignated 513th Test Squadron on 12 February 1986
Activated on 1 July 1986
Redesignated 513th Engineering and Test Squadron on 15 April 1993
Inactivated on 31 May 1997
  • Redesignated 513th Electronic Warfare Squadron on 30 March 2010
Activated on 23 April 2010[1]

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

  • Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, 1942-1943
  • Consolidated B-24 Liberator, 1943-1945
  • Boeing B-29 Superfortress, 1945, 1951-1954; B/RB/WB-29, 1950-1951
  • Boeing B-47 Stratojet, 1954-1961
  • Boeing EB-47 Stratojet, 1961-1965
  • Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, 1992-1997
  • Rockwell B-1 Lancer, 1992-1997
  • Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker, 1992-1997
  • Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, 2010–present[1]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Kane, Robert B. (20 May 2010). "Factsheet 513 Electronic Warfare Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Approved insignia for: 513th Test Squadron". from National Archives Catalog. 1989. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  3. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 617-618

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

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