51st (2nd Yorkshire West Riding) Regiment of Foot
The 51st (2nd Yorkshire West Riding) Regiment of Foot was a British Army line infantry regiment. During the Childers Reforms it was united with the 105th Regiment of Foot (Madras Light Infantry) to form the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry.
- 1 Service history
- 2 Battle Honours
- 3 Notable members
- 4 Colonels of the Regiment
- 5 References
The 51st was formed in 1755 for service during the Seven Years' War. The regiment started out in Exeter, but was transferred to Leeds later in the same year. In the space of one month, 800 men had volunteered to serve for three years or as long as the country needed them to. Originally numbered the 53rd, Napiers, Regiment of Foot, and bearing the name of its colonel, Robert Napier, it was re-numbered in 1757, with the name of its new colonel, as 51st Brudenells Regiment. In 1759 they saw action at the Battle of Minden, which later became their first battle honour. Following the war, the 51st had garrison duty in Ireland and Minorca, acquiring their county association in 1782 as the 51st (2nd Yorkshire West Riding) Regiment.
In 1808, the 51st became a Light Infantry regiment and took part in Peninsular War, where they fought in every major action. Following Napoleon's escape from Elba in 1815, they fought in the Battle of Waterloo.
Battle honours gained by the regiment were:
- Seven Years War: Minden
- Peninsular War: Corunna, Fuentes d'Onor, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthes, Peninsula,
- Napoleonic Wars: Waterloo
- Second Anglo-Burmese War: Pegu
- Second Anglo-Afghan War: Ali Masjid, Afghanistan 1878-80
- George Steward Beatson - Surgeon
Colonels of the Regiment
Colonels of the regiment were:
53rd Regiment of Foot - (1755)
- 1755–1757: Lt-Gen. Robert Napier
51st Regiment of Foot - (1756)
- 1757–1767: Lt-Gen. Thomas Brudenell
- 1767–1795: Gen. Archibald Montgomerie, 11th Earl of Eglinton
51st (2nd Yorkshire West Riding) Regiment of Foot - (1782)
- 1795–1800: Lt-Gen. Anthony George Martin
- 1800–1822: Gen. William Morshead
51st (the 2nd Yorkshire West Riding) or The King's Own Light Infantry Regiment - (1821)
- 1822–1829: Gen. Sir Thomas Hislop, 1st Baronet, GCB
- 1829–1849: Lt-Gen. Sir Benjamin d'Urban, GCB, KCH
- 1849–1862: Gen. Sir Thomas Willshire, 1st Baronet, GCB
- 1862–1874: Gen. Sir William Henry Elliott, GCB, KH
- 1874–1879: Gen. John Leslie Dennis, CB
- 1879–1881: Gen. Arnold Charles Errington
- Harold Carmichael Wylly (1926). History of the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry Vol I, from 1755 to 1914. P. Lund, Humphries & Co.
- Wickes, HL Regiments of Foot (1974) ISBN 0-85045-220-1
- "51st (2nd West Riding Light Infantry)". 51stlight. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- Knowles, Lees (1 August 1914). Minden and the Seven Years' War. London: Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co. p. 77. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry Regimental Museum Archive". National Archives. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "51st Timeline". The Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "badge, headdress, British, Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry". IWM. Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "51st (2nd Yorkshire West Riding), or The King's Own Light Infantry Regiment". nam. National Army Museum. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "Unit History". Forces War Records. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "51st (2nd Yorkshire West Riding) Regiment". regiments.org. Retrieved 16 July 2016.