52nd Infantry Division Torino

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from 52 Motorised Division Torino)
Jump to: navigation, search
52nd Infantry Division Torino
52a Divisione Fanteria Torino.png
52nd Infantry Division Torino Insignia
Active 1940–1943
Country Italy Kingdom of Italy
Branch Flag of Italy (1860).svg Royal Italian Army (Regio Esercito )
Role Infantry
Size Division
Nickname(s) Torino
Engagements World War II
Ugo de Carolis
52 Motorised Division Torino collar insigniav 82.jpg
Torino Division collar insignia

The 52nd Infantry Division Torino was an auto-transportable infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II.[nb 1] The division was formed from the expansion of the Torino Brigade in June 1940. It took part in the Invasion of Yugoslavia and was then sent to the Eastern front as part of the Italian Expeditionary Corps in Russia ( Corpo di Spedizione Italiano in Russia).

Eastern Front[edit]

The Division was only auto-transportable at this time which meant in practice was that an assortment of commercial vehicles with company logos intact were pressed into service.[1] They arrived in southern Russia between July and August 1941, and were initially subordinated to the 11th Army.[2] On 14 August 1941, they were then transferred to the control of the Tank Group 1. On 25 October 1941, Tank Group 1 was re designated as the 1st Panzer Army. Between 20 October and 2 November 1941, they were used in the assault on the city of Stalino (now Donetsk), an important steel center in Eastern Ukraine, and in occupying the neighbouring towns of Gorlowka and Rykovo, at the time also named Ordzhonikidze today Yenakiieve. The commander of the Torino, General Ugo de Carolis was killed in December and was posthumously awarded the Knight's Cross by the Germans.[3] The Torino remained under control of 1st Panzer until 3 June 1942 when it was subordinated to 17th Army. In July 1942 they came under control of the 8th Italian Army a new force of ten Italian divisions, which formed the left flank of the German 6th Army during the Battle of Stalingrad. It suffered heavy losses in the Soviet offensive during the winter of 1942/43 and was destroyed in March 1943.[1]
The surviving members returned to Italy and were disbanded in September 1943.[1]

Order of battle[edit]

  • 81. Torino Infantry Regiment
  • 82. Torino Infantry Regiment
  • 52. Torino Artillery Regiment
  • Anti-Aircraft Battalion
  • 26. Mortar Battalion
  • 52. Mortar Battalion
  • 52. Anti-Tank Company
  • 171. Anti-Tank Company
  • 52. Engineer Battalion
  • 52. Medical Section
  • 56. Motor Transport Section
  • 52. Gasoline Supply Section
  • 66. Carabinieri Section [1][nb 2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The division never had the required amount of Motor Transport to move all its units at the same time and is referred to as a "Auto-transportable Division"
  2. ^ An Italian Infantry Division normally consisted of two Infantry Regiments (three Battalions each), an Artillery Regiment, a Mortar Battalion (two companies), an Anti Tank Company, a Blackshirt Legion (Regiment of two Battalions). Each Division had only about 7,000 men, The Infantry and Artillery Regiments contained 1,650 men, the Blackshirt Legion 1,200, each company 150 men.[4]
  1. ^ a b c d Wendal, Marcus. "Italian Army". Axis History. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  2. ^ Messe, 1947. Faldella, 1959. Mack Smith, 1979
  3. ^ Operation Barbarossa: The German Invasion of Soviet Russia, Robert Kirchubel, p. 86, Osprey Publishing, 2013
  4. ^ Paoletti, p 170


  • Paoletti, Ciro (2008). A Military History of Italy. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-275-98505-9.