52nd Place Historic District
52nd Place Historic District
Charlotta Bass House, 697 E. 52nd Place
|Location||639 to 780 E. 52nd Place (between McKinley Avenue on the east and Avalon Boulevard on the west), South Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California|
|Architectural style||American Craftsman|
|MPS||African Americans in Los Angeles|
|NRHP Reference #||09000398|
|Added to NRHP||June 11, 2009|
The 52nd Place Historic District is a historic district consisting of American Craftsman style homes in the Central-Alameda neighborhood of the South Los Angeles, California. African Americans became the dominant demographic group in the district beginning around 1930 with important African-American people living here. The district includes 37 contributing buildings and seven non-contributing buildings. The contributing buildings are one-story Craftsman houses designed and built by Tifal Brothers between 1911 and 1914. The characteristic feature of the contributing buildings include "low-pitched gabled roofs with overhanging eaves and exposed rafter tails, front porches and chimneys made of brick or river rock, and multi-paned wood-framed casement windows." The district is located on 52nd Place between McKinley Avenue on the east and Avalon Boulevard on the west and lies just east of the South Park neighborhood.
The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2009 pursuant to the registration requirements for residential districts set forth in a multiple property submission study, the African Americans in Los Angeles MPS. The district was originally an all-white neighborhood. Its period of significance begins in 1930 as African Americans moved into and became the dominant demographic group in the district. The historic significance of the district is enhanced by its association with important African-American figures who lived in the district during its period of significance. Singer Ivie Anderson lived at 724 E. 52nd Place from 1930 until 1945. Anderson performed with Duke Ellington's band from 1931 to 1942 and recorded the vocals on several hit recordings, including "It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)" (1932), "Stormy Weather" (1933), and "I Got It Bad and That Ain't Good" (1941). Civil rights activists and journalists, Joseph and Charlotta Bass, lived at 697 E. 52nd Place in the 1930s. Charlotta Bass owned and operated the California Eagle, the largest African-American newspaper on the West Coast, from 1912 to 1951.
Other buildings listed pursuant to the same African Americans in Los Angeles MPS include the Angelus Funeral Home, Lincoln Theater, Second Baptist Church, 28th Street YMCA, Prince Hall Masonic Temple, 27th Street Historic District, and two historic all-black segregated fire stations (Fire Station No. 14 and Fire Station No. 30).
- "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Archived from the original on July 25, 2008. Retrieved June 21, 2011.
- Teresa Grimes; Jay Fantone; Christina Chiang; Christopher A. Joseph & Associates (February 1, 2009). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form for 52nd Place Historic District" (PDF). LA Conservancy.
- "Historic Resources Associated with African Americans in Los Angeles". African American in Los Angeles Multiple Property Submission. National Park Service. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
- Teresa Grimes; Christopher A. Joseph & Associates (December 31, 2008). "National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Documentation Form for Historic Resources Associated with African Americans in Los Angeles" (PDF). caltek.net. Retrieved June 11, 2011.